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Wrapping consisting of controlled sections of hair that replaces straight partings with ‘zigzag’ partings.
Measurement of how thick or thin a liquid is, and how that affects the liquid’s flow.
Permanent waves processed with the application of heat that have a pH range between 4.5 to 7; the main ingredient is typically glyceryl monothioglycolate (GMTG); these acid waves process slower than alkaline waves.
The technical term for the study of the hair, the disorder and diseases of hair, and hair care.
Known as ‘Thio Relaxers’ by industry standards, are chemical compounds with the additive ingredient ammonia; considered to be a ;no-lye’ relaxer, suitable for soft curl reformation.
The process of stopping a permanent wave and reforming the hair into its new curly shape
An organic compound of clear liquid with a strong unpleasant smell used in permanent wave solution.
Determines the required processing time and ensure that the desired curl has been achieved for a permanent wave service.
A mixture that blends later particles together without dissolving into a liquid or solid. The particles do not tay mixed; they separate back to their original state.
A perm rod that has an even diameter/ width throughout the entire rod length.
Pliable foam rods that allow hair to be chemically altered, creating a soft-end result.
Consists of wrapping the hair at an angle other than parallel to the length of the rod, which will create a coiling effect of the hair.
Dissolves other substances to form a solution with no chemical change.
Substance that is dissolved in a solution.
A chemical texture service that restructures overly curly hair into loose curls or waves.
A strong alkaline ingredient used in chemical relaxers.
A highly soluble chemical element that is an alkaline substance used in the manufacturing of permanent was lotions and chemical hair relaxers.
Requires only one paper used in conjunction with either the double end or good end wraps.
Also know a Cross Bonds, connect polypeptide chains side-by-side, responsible for strength and elasticity.
Allergic reaction caused by repeated exposure to a chemical or substance.
Weak physical side bonds (cross bonds) easily broken by change in pH; reform when pH balance is restored.
The process in which oxygen is subtracted from or hydrogen is subtracted from or hydrogen is added to a substance through a chemical reaction; breaking of the disulfide bonds.
A form affirming that your Guest was advised of the potential risks that could result during the request chemical service.
A cream barrier applied around the hairline and ears to protect the skin from permanent wave lotions or haircolor.
Performed during a chemical relaxer to determine required processing time.
Performed as part of your Guest consultation to test how the hair will respond to the chemical application.
A very strong alkaline ingredient used in chemical relaxers; typically marketed as no-mix, no-lye.
The ability of the hair to absorb ay liquid.
Spiraling chain of amino acids; joined together by peptide bond.
Also known as the Double-Rod, is a wrap technique where hair longer that 10 to 12 inches is wrapped on one rod from the mid-shaft to scalp, and the remaining hair is wrapped around a second rod.
Occur without a chemical reaction or change to the matter, some physical identities are hardness, color, weight, odor and boiling point.
Consists of two or more types of matter that are blended together, but no chemically altered; each part in the mixture maintains its own properties.
Matter altered to a different shape temporarily, but eventually returning to its original state.
A scale ranging from 0 to 14 that measures f a product is an acid (0 to 6.9), an alkaline (7,1 to 14) or neutral (7).
Chemically rearranging straight hair not a curly or wavy form.
A technique used to smooth hair around the hairline, such as cowlicks, uncontrollable hair, growth patterns and inconsistent textures.
Also known as End Bonds, connect amino acids (end to end) that form polypeptides.
Perming technique that provides curl or wave to small areas of the lead, creating a natural blending of permed hair into previously permed or non-permed hair.
Any illness caused by overexposure to certain products or ingredients.
Solutions with an acidic pH that restore the hair’s natural pH after a hydroxide relaxer.
Also known as No-Lye Relaxers, do not require a base cream to be applied to the skin or scalp.
The new hair growing out from the call that has not yet been chemically altered.
Used to help to remove any remaining chemicals left in the hair after a chemical relaxer and to restore hair to normal acidic pH.
Also known as Rebonding, is a chemically restoring dilutive bones to harden into a new shape.
When a substance is able to be mixed with another substance.
Substance that has mass and occupied space; it has physical and chemical properties and exists either as a solid, gas or liquid.
Contain only one component and they are used exactly as they are packaged, requiring no mixing.
Also known as a Circle Rod, is a long plastic rod that is used to create spiral curls.
The process of removing one sulfur atom and replacing it with a disulfide bond.
A strong, fibrous protein; the building block for hair, skin, and nails.
When a substance is not able to mix with another substance.
Also called an Acid/Alkai Neutralization Reaction; it neutralizes any remaining alkaline residue left by the hydroxide relaxer and helps to restore the pH of the hair and scalp.
Relaxers with a high alkaline (pH) content; available in varying formulations.
Physical side bonds (cross bonds) easily broken by water or hat; reforms when hair cools and/or dries.
Relaxer requiring the mixing or two products; advertised a ‘no-lye’ for sensitive skin.
An ingredient used in a permanent waving lotion to help lower the pH because of its moisturizing properties.
An odorless, colorless liquid that is miscible in water; it is derived from glycerin.
Products are manufactured ‘without’ the use of formaldehyde but could omit a formaldehyde gas upon use.
An organic compound that is a colorless, flammable and pungent gas; present in the air and many food and beauty products.
Processed by chemical reaction that released heat; self heating.
Processed by the application of heat; hood dryer, heat processor.
Also known as End Wraps, are absorbent pieces of thin tissue-type paper that controls and protects the hair ends or any texturizing lengths of hair within a subsections.
The capability of the hair strand to stretch and return to its previous form without breaking; elasticity is directly related to the condition of the hair.
Book End Wrap
Requires only one paper, which is folded in half much like a book.
Bricklay Perm Wrap
Perm rods are placed within a staggered pattern of subsections.
Matter altered permanently to a completely different form.’
Cause a chemical reaction and change to the matter.
To chemically alter naturally curly or wavy hair into a straighter form.
Also known as Chemical Compounds, are chemical substances consisting of atoms or ions of two or more elements in definite proportions, which cannot be separated by physical means.
A perm rod that ha a small diameter in the center and a larger diameter increase throughout the length.
Wrapping the hair from end to scalp in overlapping concentric layers.
Curvature Perm Wrap
Consists of partings that follow the shape of your Guest’s head.
An amino acid joined with another cytosine amino acid to create cystine amino acid.
An amino acid that joins together to peptide bonds.
Disulfide Bonds: Strong chemical side bonds that can only be broken by chemical solutions.
Also known as Flexible Rods, are foam-covered perm rods that are easily bent into different shapes and used for permanent waving.
Also known as Straight Set Wrap or 9-Block Wrap is controlled sections of hair in which perm rods are placed in rectangular-shaped subsections.
The subsections located within a larger panel section; the hair is divided into smaller subsections that hold one perm rod each.
Requires a protective bace cream to be applied to the hairline and scalp; when a relaxer is labeled ‘base relaxer,’ is means the relaxer is too strong to be applied without the application of a base cream.
The position of the perm rod horizontal, vertical, or diagonal, within a section and / or parting
Also known as Base Placement, is the position of the tool in relation to its base section and is determined by the angle at which the hair is wrapped.
Also known as a Protective Base Cream, is an oily cream applied on the scalp / skin to protect from the chemicals in the relaxers.
Acid Balance Waves
Permanent waves processed without heat that have a pH ranging between 7.0 to 8.2; producing a firmer curl and process more quickly than true acid waves.
Results from the oxidation of primary alcohols; there are several other chemicals in the class of highly reactive chemical compounds (composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen).
Also known as Cold Waves processed without heat; the main ingredient is thioglyolic acid.
Protein building blocks of hair that link together to form tiny protein fibers.
An inorganic compound of colorless liquid composed of one part nitrogen and three part hydrogen; it has a pungent odor and is an alkaline substance used in the manufacturing of permanent wav solution and hair fighters to aid in opening the cuticle layer.
Ammonium Bisulfite Relaxer
A mild, alternative relaxer containing a low pH compatible with the relaxes.
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