Motivation is BEST defined as _____. A behavior pattern that is unlearned, always expressed in the same way, and universal within a species is called In the _____ theory of motivation a lack or a deficiency of something creates a state of tension which motivates us to reduce the deficiency. At lunch with his friends, Brian satisfied his biological need for hunger with a healthy Garden Salad. One of Brian?s friends orders a huge piece of cheesecake for dessert. As Brian watches his friend devour the cheesecake, he thinks to himself, ?Mmmm! That cheesecake looks so delicious.? Which theory of motivation would explain why Brian decides to order a piece of cheesecake even though he was no longer hungry? According to the cognitive theory of motivation, which of the following students is MOST likely to study hard for their next psychology exam? In Somalia, refugees often sacrificed their own safety in efforts to help others. This behavior refutes a basic premise of which theory of motivation? _____________ refers to the desire to perform an act for its own sake whereas ___________ refers to the desire to perform an act because of external rewards or the avoidance of punishment. During emotional arousal, the ____ nervous system prepares the body for fight or flight and the ____ nervous system restores the body to homeostasis. A therapist advises his depressed client to make himself smile for at least a few seconds every hour. This therapist may _____. During a routine polygraph test for a job at a bank, Todd is asked if he has ever stolen money. He says, "Never." Immediately, the polygraph recorded sympathetic arousal, which indicates that Todd _____. According to your text, one of the BEST definitions of personality is your _____. A relatively stable and consistent characteristic that can be used to describe someone is known as a(n) _____. Kim is gentle, cooperative, trusting, and helpful; Chris is outgoing, talkative, fun-loving, and affectionate. According to the Five-Factor model, it is likely that Kim scores high on _____, and Chris scores high on _____. "I'm going to take this candy because I want it NOW!" said the _____. "But, stealing is wrong," said the _____. "Let's ask mom if she'll advance our allowance so we can buy it today," said the _____. When someone violates parental and societal rules, they experience guilt. This is the role of the _____, which operates on the _____ principle. Defense mechanisms are _____ strategies employed by the ego to reduce anxiety and avoid conflict. Gaston and Page got married on a high bridge and started their honeymoon with a bungee-jump from the bridge. Which type of motive BEST explains their behavior? According to the cognitive theory of motivation, _____ influence our goal-directed behavior. According to Maslow?s hierarchy of needs, _____ needs must be met before going on to higher needs. If you took the _____ approach to personality, you would emphasize internal experiences, like feelings and thoughts, and the basic worth of the individual. The innate tendency toward growth that motivates human behavior and results in the full realization of a person's highest potential is called _____. In Rogers theory of personality, maladjustment is the result of _____. Cicily believes she can become the top saleswoman in her company; consequently, she comes in early and stays late which puts her in contact with more customers. Additionally, her enthusiasm inspires customers to pay attention to the benefits of her product, and every sale Cicily makes inspires her to make another. This is an example of Bandura's theory of _____. The Rorschach inkblot test and the Thematic Apperception Test are examples of _____ tests. Your textbook author defines abnormal behavior as _____. The classification system produced by the American Psychiatric Association and used to describe abnormal behaviors is called the DSM-IV-TR. DSM is an abbreviation for ___. The classification system produced by the American Psychiatric Association and used to describe abnormal behaviors is called the DSM-IV-TR. DSM is an abbreviation for _____. Co-morbidity is the term used to indicate _____. According to the diathesis-stress model of schizophrenia, someone with an inherited predisposition for schizophrenia will experience a schizophrenic episode when they encounter _____. You and a friend are watching a ballgame. The batter misses. You believe this is because the sun is setting and probably cast a glare in his eyes. Your friend believes this is because the batter lacks talent. You made a _____ attribution and your friend made a(n) _____ attribution. Regarding attitude toward the Iraq war, belief that the war is right or wrong reflects the ______component of attitude. Cooperation, increased contact, and cognitive retraining all create _____ by increasing the discrepancy between your beliefs, emotions, and behaviors toward members of an outgroup, thus motivating you to change your prejudicial attitudes toward that group. Research suggests that children who are exposed to ?lifelike? violence on TV or in video games __________, and that _____ children seek out more violent programs. Which of the following is NOT a situation in which groupthink can occur? During _____, a person who feels anonymous within a group experiences an increase in arousal and a decrease in self-consciousness, inhibitions, and personal responsibility. Zimbardo's simulation of prison life provided a dramatic demonstration of the power of _____ on behavior. Milgram's research suggests that _____ factors are MOST important when it comes to obedience. Amorita agrees to party with friends she admires rather than staying home to study even though she'd rather stay home to study. This is an example of _____. Lincoln thought he smelled smoke for a second. He looked at others in the classroom and at the teacher. No one seemed concerned, so Lincoln continued taking his test along with his other classmates. This is MOST likely an example of _____. When someone has a need for approval and acceptance by a group, they often conform to the norms set by that group. This is called _____ social influence. People will attack an alternate target group rather than the real source of their frustration when the source is either bigger and retaliatory, or when the source is ambiguous or unknown. This is the _____ explanation for prejudice. Which of the following principles of social psychology may make it easier for soldiers to kill? Who is MOST likely to learn a prejudice against a new group of people? Mr. Bundy believes that women make poor shoe salespersons, but hires a woman to sell his shoes anyway. Based on this information, which of the following is TRUE regarding Mr. Bundy? Janese cuts her arms when overwhelmed by emotion, abruptly changes from laughter to anger, and needs constant reassurance from others to feel any sense of self worth. She is MOST likely to be diagnosed with _____ disorder. People who are defined as being "social predators" and "lacking in conscience and empathy" probably have _____. Failure to meet obligations may be indicative of alcohol or drug _____ whereas tolerance and withdrawal may be indicative of alcohol or drug _____. Matching questions are worth 1 point each. the set of factors that activate, direct, and maintain behavior toward a goal the physiological and psychological arousal that occurs when a person really wants to achieve a goal what makes you do what you do the conscious and unconscious thoughts that focus a person's behaviors and emotions in the same direction toward a goal Question 2 2 / 2 points impossible a reflex an instinct routine Question 3 2 / 2 points incentive drive-reduction theory state-dependent attribution Question 4 2 / 2 points drive-reduction theory incentive theory the push-pull theory your lack of will power Question 5 0 / 2 points Sasha believes she earned an "A" on this exam because the questions were easy. Endora believes she is a witch and can get whatever she wants by waving her arms and casting a spell. Martino believes he can bring his "C" up to an "A" or "B" next time. Clemy believes he studied as hard as he could for this exam, is very discouraged that he only got a "D.". Question 6 0 / 2 points incentive theory drive-reduction theory Maslow's theory cognitive theory Question 7 2 / 2 points extrinsic motivation/intrinsic motivation intrinsic motivation/extrinsic motivation primary reinforcers/secondary reinforcers secondary reinforcers/primary reinforcers Question 8 2 / 2 points sympathetic; parasympathetic parasympathetic; sympathetic autonomic; somatic somatic; autonomic Question 9 0 / 2 points be acting unethically believe in the facial feedback hypothesis regarding emotions be using Schachter's two-factor theory of emotions need therapy himself Question 10 0 / 2 points told a lie was very nervous told the truth any of these options Question 11 0 / 2 points unique and relatively stable pattern of thoughts, feelings, and actions relatively stable characteristics that describe you innate tendencies to think, act, and feel a certain way in all situations innate disposition toward the world and environment Question 12 2 / 2 points character trait temperament personality Question 13 2 / 2 points openness; agreeableness agreeableness; extroversion extroversion; openness eagerness; cheerfulness Question 14 2 / 2 points animus; anima; archetype brat; kissy-face; codependent orally fixated child; adult masquerading as a child; anal retentive child id; superego; ego Question 15 2 / 2 points id; pleasure ego; reality superego; morality unconscious; punishment Question 16 0 / 2 points conscious ineffective unconscious fixated Question 17 2 / 2 points the arousal motive the need for self-actualization the achievement motive the androgynous motive Question 18 2 / 2 points attributions and expectations external stimuli internal needs safety needs Question 19 2 / 2 points esteem needs belonging and love needs psychological biological/physiological needs and safety Question 20 0 / 2 points humanistic psychodynamic personalistic motivational Question 21 0 / 2 points self-realization self-promotion self-actualization self-potentiation Question 22 2 / 2 points incongruence between self-concept and life experiences an incompatibility between self-concept and self-esteem conditioned emotional responses phenomenology Question 23 2 / 2 points interaction congruent behavior synergistic success reciprocal determinism Question 24 2 / 2 points aptitude and achievement projective personality the most reliable and valid personality culturally biased personality Question 25 0 / 2 points a statistically infrequent pattern of pathological emotion, thought, or action a pattern of pathological emotion, thought, or action that results in a disability or dysfunction a pattern of pathological emotion, thought, or action that causes personal distress, or violates social norms all of these options Question 26 0 / 2 points Diagnosis and Symptoms Manual Diseases and Symptoms of Mental Disorders Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Diagnosis, Symptoms, and Management Manual Question 27 0 / 2 points Diagnosis and Symptoms Manual Diseases and Symptoms of Mental Disorders Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Diagnosis, Symptoms, and Management Manual Question 28 2 / 2 points the presence of two family members with the same disease in the same family the death of two or more family members from the same disorder the presence of two or more disorders in the same person at the same time all of these options Question 29 2 / 2 points more stress than they can handle low levels of stress moderate levels of stress the same level of stress as anyone else Question 30 0 / 2 points circumstantial; personal situational; dispositional realistic; biased correct; incorrect Question 31 2 / 2 points Affective Behavioral Cognitive Situational Question 32 2 / 2 points superordinate beliefs non-discriminatory attitudes cognitive dissonance all of these options Question 33 0 / 2 points act more aggressively; aggressive imitate the violence; more aggressive learn that violence is exciting and acceptable; aggressive all of these options Question 34 0 / 2 points a military strategy session a jury room a couple planning to get married groupthink can occur in all these situations Question 35 2 / 2 points groupthink group polarization authoritarianism deindividuation Question 36 2 / 2 points individuation norms roles conformity Question 37 0 / 2 points person personality situational cultural Question 38 0 / 2 points the effect of low self-esteem on conformity ingroup social influence desirable social influence how a reference group influences conformity Question 39 0 / 2 points stupidity focused attention informational social influence a need for approval Question 40 0 / 2 points normative desirable ingroup informational Question 41 2 / 2 points displaced aggression scapegoat outgroup projected frustration Question 42 0 / 2 points outgroup homogeneity ingroup favoritism homeostatic similarity reciprocal dislike Question 43 0 / 2 points Angela watches a movie in which members of this group are demeaned. Gabriel hears his parents and friends make derogatory statements about members of this group. Kema demeans a member of this group and experiences a rise in his own self-esteem. all of these children are learning to be prejudiced Question 44 0 / 2 points He is prejudiced, but does not discriminate against women. He discriminates, but is not prejudiced against women. He is prejudiced and discriminates against women. He hired his daughter because his wife made him. Question 45 2 / 2 points dissociative identity borderline personality multiple personality major depression Question 46 0 / 2 points insanity borderline personality disorder leprosy antisocial personality disorder Question 47 2 / 2 points use; abuse abuse; dependence abuse; abuse dependence; abuse Question 48 3 / 6 points
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