One of the Cappadocian Fathers; known as the father of Eastern monasticism.
The Father of Western Monasticism
Benedict of Nursia
Founder of the Benedictine monastery at Monte Cassino and the author of the Rule of Monasteries, which eventually became the primary rule of monasticism in the West.
The organization of society on the basis of bonds of personal loyalty between a lord and his vassla, based on mutual duties and benefits.
During the early medieval period, secular rulers took upon themselves the right to appoint bishops, abbots, and other church officials.
The buying and selling of spiritual things, including church leadership positions.
During the early medieval period, the practice among clergy of maintaining concubines in a relationship something like marriage.
"Gregory the Great." Statesman, theologian, and prodigious writer, his wise and pastoral leadership made him a model for subsequent popes. Among his accomplishments was his decision to sponsor a mission to convert the Anglo-Saxons in England.
A reform pope, he attacked abuses such a simony, alienation of property and lay investiture. He also declared the pope to be the supreme judge under God, holding the absolute powers of absolution and excommunication.
A book of prayers needed by a priest to celebrate the Eucharist.
The primary form of liturgy for the Roman Catholic Church.
A repertoire of music consisting of chants used in the city of Rome together with the native chants of the Frankish churches, mandated by Charlemagne to be used as church music throughout the empire.
The style of buildings developed during the Carolingian and Ottonian dynasties of early medieval Europe. The structures featured stone vaulted ceilings, heavy walls and piers, and small openings for light, creating a fortress-like impression.
Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite
The pseudonym of an anonymous Syrian monk of the early sixth century A.D. who authored several important and influential works. He is perhaps most famous for his via negativa in which...
Symeon the New Theologian
An Eastern Christian mystic and theologian, representative of the spirituality and theology of the early medieval period.
The spiritual experience in which a person achieves direct communion with the divine.
Anselm of Canterbury
Benedictine monk and archbishop of Canterbury, Anselm is known for his "debt satisfaction" theory of atonement and for his ontological argument for the existence of God.
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