—Civil rights are government guarantees of equality for people in the United States with regard to judicial proceeding, the exercise of political rights, treatment by public officials, and access to and enjoyment of the benefits of government
—Participatory democratic worry about equality in the political sphere, and are concerned when the path to leadership is not open to all citizens
—Opposition to civil rights reflects the fact that many citizens are not actively involved in politics
Support for Civil Rights for Gays and Lesbians
—Citizens largely oppose discrimination in employment but are less supportive of gay rights when it comes to the legality of intimate relationships between homosexuals.
—Increased significantly over time but stalled in recent years
Support for Equality in Employment
—1977-56% believe homosexuals should have equal rights in terms of job opportunities.By the 1990’s almost 9 out of every 10 Americans support equal rights of homosexuals in job opportunities
—No federal or constitutional ban against employment discrimination based on sexual orientation.
—“Don’t ask don’t tell.”
—An umbrella term for a variety of policies that ensure equal treatment of minorities and whites in education and employment
—Advertisments by companies announcing they are an equal opportunity employer
—Policies to ensure equal treatment between men and women are also referred to as affirmative action policies
—Ensure equal opportunity
—Take special steps to turn the principle of equal opportunity into practice by encouraging equal outcomes
—Gives everyone regardless or race or religion an equal chance for opportunities in American society
—Affirmative action policies have been justified on two grounds
1.They are intended to make up for past and continuing discrimination against racial minorities in our society
2.They are designed to ensure that the diversity of the United Statesis felected in out colleges and universities, government insititions, and workplaces
—Are citizens willing to support a black candidate, or a Hispanic candidate, for the presidency?
— Since 1958, the Gallup poll has been asking citizens whether they would support a well-qualifiedblack candidate nominated by their party for the presidency
— Less than 50 percent of Americans said they would in the late 1950’s
— 79 percent said they would support a black candidate in 1987.
— The question was not asked again till 1997, by which time support jumped to 93 percent.
Race Pt. 2
When citizens were asked in 2007 whether they would be more or less likely to support a black candidate, the vast majority said it would make no difference and only 4 percent said they would be less likely.
A differentpicture emerges, however, when citizens were asked whether other Americans are ready to elect an African American or black candidate as president.
In 2006, 40 percent of respondents said that Americans are not ready
Race Pt. 3
Also in 2007, the Gallup poll asked citizens for the first time whether they would vote for a well-qualified Hispanic for president if nominated by their party and 87 percent said they would do so.
When respondents were asked whether they would be more or less willing to support a Hispanic presidential candidate, 80 percent said it wouldn’t matter, but 14 percent said they would be less likely to support such a candidate.
Race Pt. 4
In principle, the answer is yes. Both white and black Americans overwhelmingly endorse principles of equality. However, the answer is much more complex
Support drops significantly among whites when it comes to the implementation of civil rights policies, especially if the implementation means that blacks will receive preferential treatment or redness for past harm
Religion and Political Rights
For several decades, the Gallup organization has asked citizens whether they would vote for particular types of candidates if nominated by their party?
Support for Baptist Candidates: High (90%-95%)
Support for Jewish Candidates: Medium (50%-80%
Support for Atheist Candidates: Low (15%-35%)
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