PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 2 Spring 2009 CJ 100 EDGE Study Guide for 2nd Exam Monday, February 23rd *This exam (totalling 45 questions) will consist of 40, multiple choice questions (be sure to bring a #2 pencil to complete this portion of the test!); 20% of the exam (a total of 5 questions) will consist of short-answer questions (these responses can be written in ink). Scantrons will be provided for completion of the multiple choice component of the exam; short-answer responses will be written in the spaces provided on the exam. Test material for the 2nd exam will be drawn from Chapters 5-7 in the Siegel & Senna text and the corresponding lectures (including material presented in The Rodney King Incident). You will need to consult both your text and lecture notes to locate all items listed on this guide. If you missed any lecture notes, it is your responsibility to obtain those from a classmate (consider using the chat or thread features active via eLearning). For the 2nd exam, the following should be known: -Know the characteristics of Peel’s modern police force (we continue to include these aspects in our own modern system of policing). -Be able to characterize the philosophies and practices associated with the 3 eras of American policing discussed in lecture: Political/Spoils, Professional, and Community. (Ex. During which of these eras was the patronage system replaced with the merit system? How do these 2 approaches to the hiring of police officers differ?) -Characterize the “time-in-rank system” for determing police promotion eligibility. -Be able to characterize the “stop snitching” movement: its etiology and its implications for policing. -The Rodney King Incident (documentary): How many trials for this incident? Their outcomes? Roles of politics and technology in this case -How does standardized justice differ from that of individualized justice? -Know the different federal law enforcement agencies and the general responsibilities of each. -What are arguments for the use of police officer discretion? Arguments against its use? -Know the different types of variables influencing police officer decision-making: Legal, extralegal, environmental, departmental, and situational. -According to Tom Tyler, when will people respect/obey the law? -Regarding these seminal studies on policing, know the research questions and findings associated with each: Kansas City Preventive Patrol, Kansas City Rapid Response, Minneapolis Domestic Violence, and Newark Foot Patrol. -Does adding patrol officers reduce crime? -What is the Broken Windows policing thesis? -What are “hot spots”? -Know the 3-pronged approach (noted by Innes) used by detectives to create a naarative explaining how, where, and why a crime took place. -Know the ways in which investigations can be improved. -What is meant by the following police metaphors: blue line, blue curtain, blue wall -Skolnick:What 2 primary influences shape the police officer’s “working personality”? -Be able to characterize the following officer “styles”/orientations: Crime fighter, social agent, law enforcer, watchman. -Know the components of the standard process one undergoes to become a police officer. -What are the perceptible benefits of higher education for police officers? -According to Nicholas Alex, why are some African American police officers tougher on African American suspects? -What have studies of /research on policewomen revealed? -Characterize the arguments Ann Coulter poses against permitting women to serve as police officers. -Explain Van Maanen’s concept of “street justice” (i.e., what it is, with whom it is used, and its dual purpose). -What patterns have been associated/correlated with police shootings? -What is the “fleeing felon rule”? What rule was it later replaced with (as ordered by the United States Supreme Court)? -Differentiate between the following types of police officer corruption: internal, non-enforcement/selective enforcement, active criminality, and bribery/extortion. -How can the form of police corruption known as “grass eating” be distinguished from that of “meat eating”? -How can police corruption be addressed proactively and reactively? -Characterize the 3 types of police-citizen encounters. -What is required to receive a search warrant? -What are exceptions to the search warrant requirement (warrantless searches)? -What is the exclusionary rule? -What are the exceptions to the exclusionary rule (e.g., “good faith”)? -What is the Miranda Rule? -What are restrictions on the Miranda Rule? -Characterize the sources of police officer stress: External, organizational, duty, and individual.