Africology 111 Class Notes 09/02 & 09/04 Slavocrat = Slave owner Transgernerational = Transgenerational phenomena concern the transmission and exchange of cultural affaires, wherein the individual psychological experience is intimately related to and influenced by the complex web of relationships within the family/social structure. Axiomatic = This traditional approach, in which axioms were supposed to be self-evident and so indisputable, was swept away during the course of the nineteenth century, by the development. 1st principle where other principles are standard. Chattel Slavery = Traditional slavery, often called chattel slavery, is probably the least prevalent of the contemporary forms of slavery. According to the American Anti-Slavery group ( HYPERLINK "http://www.anti-slavery.org" http://www.anti-slavery.org ), in Mauritania, where slavery was legally abolished in 1980, 90,000 darker-skinned Africans still live as the property of the Muslim Berber communities. Although the Africans in Mauritania converted to Islam more than 100 years ago, and the Qur’an forbids the enslavement of fellow Muslims, in Mauritania race seems to outrank religious doctrine. Such chattel slaves are used for their labor, sex, and breeding, and are exchanged for camels, trucks, guns, or money. Children of chattel slaves remain the property of their master. Quote Edward Lycurgas They wanted to know what it would be like to own their own bodies. Edward Lycurgas was born on Oct 28, 1872 at St Augustine Fl shortly after the return of the family from the West Indies. He lived on his father's farm sharing at an early age the hard work that seemed always in abundance, and listening in awe to the stories of the recent war. he heard his elders give thanks for their freedom when they attended church and wondered what it was all about. No one failed to attend church on Sundays and all work ceased in the vicinity where a camp meeting was held. Farmers flocked to the meeting from all parts of St Johns County. They brought food in their large baskets. Some owned buggies but most of them hauled their families in wagons or walked. The camp meetings would sometimes last for several days according to the spiritual fervor exhibited by those attending. Lycurgas recalls the stirring sermons and spirituals that rang through the woods and could be heard for several miles on a clear day. And the river baptisms! These climaxed the meetings and were attended by large crowds of whites in the neighborhood. All candidates were dressed in white gowns, stockings and towels wound about their heads bandana fashion. Two by two they marched some stirring song to accompany their slow march to the river. "Take me to the water to be baptized" was the favorite spiritual for this occasion. As in all things, some attended camp meetings for the opportunity it afforded them to indulge in illicit lovemaking. Others went to show their finery and there was plenty of it according to Lycurgas' statement. There seemed to be beautiful clothing, fine teams and buggies everywhere - a sort of reaction from the restraint upon them in slavery. Many wore clothing they could not afford. There seemed to be a deeper interest in politics during these times. Mass meetings, engineered by "carpetbaggers" were often held and largely attended, although the father of Edward did not hold with these activities very much. He often heard the preacher point out Negroes who attended the meetings and attained prominence in politics as an example for members of his flock to follow. He believes he recalls hearing the name of Joseph Gibbs. Next to the preacher, the Negro school teacher was held in greatest respect. Until the year of the "shake"" (earthquake of 1886) there were no Negro school teachers in St Johns County and no school buildings. They attended classes at the fort and were taught by a white woman who had come from "up nawth" for this purpose. Edward was able to learn very little from his blue back Webster because his help was needed on the farm. He was a lover of home, very shy and did not care much for courting. He remained with his parents until their deaths and did not leave the vicinity for many years. He is still unmarried and resides at the Clara White Mission, Jacksonville, FL, where he receives a small salary for the piddling jobs about the place that he is able to do. Sapien sapien – most deadly of all sapiens. Different but Equal – Basil Davidson – Ruins of a Kingdom (video) Film Editor African life was destroyed, whit and black respect, and their was a Black history in Africa that was very rich. Central Africa Motopa Hills Lepro’s colony is considered a sacred place, many messages left about their history, insurmountable amount of Cave art, rock painting motifs. Their was psychological and spiritual reinforcement 3000-4000 years ago Sahara dessert was green and lush and supported a civilization Tasali Rock Mountain the discovery of Rock paintings aging 3000-4000 year old. Paul Sereno of university of IL Chicago Artifacts found; tarpon, fishing hooks transports, trailers, commerce, farm implements and agriculture In the same region of Africa a culture Goboro, graves were found dating 10, 000 years old in ritual clothes, There were 2 species of people, One species earlier to be very tall 6’5” and then the second group to be average height of 5’10” 5300 years ago one earlier and one much later showing that the Sahara was a lush green area to desert and then to a lush green area again. Causing civilization shifts in and out then into the area again. This helps prove that Afrikaners had a well developed civilization. 4500 years ago there was a migration west to east of 4000 miles north to the Nile river and Northern valleys. Civilization gift of the God of the Nile. Inner Africa was referred to as the”Land of the Gods” (Gods of the Egyptians) Herodos; philosopher at the time (Greek) referred to the races as “Different but Equal” Slaves of capture in war, punishment for criminal conduct, kidnapping were the reason people of the time were in-slaved. Fredric Hegel – German Philosopher Samuel Bacon – Source of the Nile . Governments flourished in Africa Sahara like European societies Renaissance flourished white and black together Saint Maurice Morris Saint of War Coffle >--------< made of wool and was worn around the neck of two Slaves during transport from one location to another. Meroe in inner Africa Last civilization Pyramid tombs of smaller stature 6th century (copies of the larger pyramids. Culture was separate from Lower Egypt. Nubian Race – built mud wall huts and large walls for protection in their cities Sleep beds are still made of the same materials of old, being used today. They had iron making slag remnants left as a sign of tool making They had a written language with 23 letters. Europeans judge the degree of civilization by the populace number of possessions or lack there of possessions. Kush Civilization collapsed in 4CAD Samuel Baker “ The blacks in Africa are the lowest of civilizations” 1960 Discovery if Nubian Mural Paintings 25 Bishops were in Africa during the 8-11 century found in the mural paintings. Saint Maurice Morris patron saint of War 1172 Sarisans invaded Africa. The Wonders of Africa (film), @000 Professor Louis Gates, Jr.), movie narrator Slaves were prisoners of War and criminals, and the natives villages at war with neighbors sold their captured neighbors into slavery On the Gold Coast of Africa approximately 11, 000, 00 people were sold into slavery The Slave Kingdoms. Elmina Ghana, 1st slave city. Quida No Europeans collected slaves in inner Africa, African’s sold Africans.