Accepts the addition of new items through compounding, derivation, inflection, coining, borrowing, etc. They carry the primary communicative force of an utterance, are variable in form (inflected) and their distribution is not definable by grammar
Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives, Adverbs
Closed Classes of Words
No new items can normally be added, and that usually contains a relatively small number of items
Prepositions, determiners, conjunctions, pronouns
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