The name 'Greeks' was not one which they themselves used. The Greeks of classical times called themselves 'Hellenes' and their country 'Hellas'
It was also for reasons of defense that the city-states centered on a hill. A hill of this type was called an akropolis ('upper-city'). The most important religious buildings were also on the akropolis, since they were the vital parts of the city to defend.
-Multi storeyed, large open courtyards
-shelter/religion/light wells (no electricity)
-courtyards all have columns- let light/air in
-Had running water/flush toilets
-No fortification walls- on a hill- on an island (protecting city w/ ships & navy)
-Access, small door w/ steep walls & pathway (one person at a time)
A maze so complicated that none who entered it could ever find the way out again.
(One day Theseus, son of the king of Athens, came as part of the annual offering to the Minotaur. Ariadne, Minos' daughter fell in love with him and saved him by giving him a thread, which he tied to the door of the labyrinth and trailed after him as he went in. He then killed the Minotaur and found his way safely back by means of the thread.)
Greeks regarded other races as inferior—they called them barbarians (barbaroi), because their languages seemed merely a succession of 'bar-bar' noises.
Greece contained many separate states, each centering on one city. Such a unit is often referred to as a 'city-state', for which the Greek word was polis.