Classnotes 2 ? Spring 2008 Intro to Learning Psych Psych 261 Objectives/ Key Terms: Chapter 2: Research Method and Design Be able to recognize examples of independent variables and dependent variables. Know the likely characteristics of IVs and DVs (e.g., DVs are usually continuous) What are levels of the IV? Other key terms: dichotomous variable, Functional Relationships, SR cascades, nature and direction of SR relationships Be able to recognize overt vs. covert behaviors and examples of each Be able to recognize Appetitive vs. Aversive Stimuli and examples of each Other key terms: ?Law of Effect? (Thorndike): What are 2 types of Operations: (deprivation vs. satiation) What are operational definitions? Why are they used (what is there value in this science)? Be comfortable picking out the best operational definition for a socially constructed term What are the various recording methods associated with learning psych? Be able to recognize examples of each of them. Rate, intensity, duration, speed, latency, intervals, time sampling, topography, number of errors Know the basic traits/characteristics of the 4 descriptive methods we looked at in class Know the advantages and disadvantages of each; Know the conditions for which each would be the ?best method? for study Be able to recognize examples of positive and negative correlations Experimental Designs Know the basic design, when to use, examples, and strengths/weaknesses of the following experimental designs Control Group Designs Single Subject Designs Simple Comparison (AB) Reversal ABAB Multiple Baseline Changing-Criterion Design Chapter 3 (partial): Elicited Behaviors (up to page 103) What are reflexes? What purpose do they serve? Key terms: startle response, orienting response, flexion response, reflex arc Be able to recognize examples of them. What are fixed action patterns? What purpose do they serve? Key terms: sign stimulus (releaser) Habituation Sensitization What is the Opponent-Process theory of emotion? What are the characteristics of primary and opponent processes? Key terms: 2 competing processes, primary process, opponent process
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