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Cognitive science is a field that includes cognitive psychology, linguistics, and artificial
intelligence, among other disciplines. True or False?
____ is a neuroimaging technique that is particularly helpful in identifying WHEN broad areas
of the brain are involved in specific cognitive events, while ____ is effective in identifying
more precisely WHICH specific brain areas are involved.
A participant in a short-term memory study sees the following list of letters: C A T S H O E B
I R D Although there are 11 letters on the list, the student easily remembers all of them
because they are encoded as 3 words. This illustrates
Looking at the number of questions correctly answered on a multiple choice test is an
example of using _____ as a research methodology
Transmission of information through a neuron travels from the:
When humans produce speech, they produce more than one phoneme at a time, thus
causing overlap and variation among the sounds. This characteristic of speech production is
Which of the following techniques detects where radioactive glucose goes within the brain?
Which of the following approaches emphasized that humans can be scientifically understood
by looking exclusively at behavior?
Looking for a green triangle surrounded by red triangles and green squares involves ____,
which is characterized by ____ processing.
Serial processing describes human information processing as a group of decisions and actions
that all are produced at the same time. True or False?
Which of the following techniques would be MOST useful for determining whether a particular
brain structure is involved in a specific cognitive process?
Someone with severe apperceptive agnosia
Damage to which brain area is MOST likely to result in coma or death?
The idea that attention is a resource distributed among tasks is embodied in the
faster than you can identify that there is a D in
CFSD. This finding illustrates the importance of ____ in letter identification
The large mass of the brain that we can see when we look at the surface of the brain is
Looking for a green triangle surrounded by red triangles involves ____, which is characterized
by ____ processing.
A researcher is presenting images as a participant watches. The researcher is looking for
momentary changes in electrical responses that correspond to particular reactions and occur
at precise times after the presentation of the image. The researcher is using which of the
following neuroimaging techniques?
When a newborn is exposed to a loud sound, she will turn her head in the direction of the
sound. This response illustrates
The right hemisphere of the brain controls the ___ side of the body and registers sensations
from the ____ side of the body
In the Stroop task, identifying the color of the ink is a(n) ____ process and reading the color
word is a(n) ____ process
Signals from other neurons are transmitted to the cell body through the axon. True or false
Posner and colleagues asked participants to stare at a plus sign in the middle of the screen
and press a button when a target appeared in the periphery. Before the target would appear,
an arrow flashed on the screen that indicated where the target was likely to appear. The
researchers found that participants
Sperling’s studies of capacity of visual sensory memory first used the whole report technique.
Using this technique, he found that participants could
A person has electrodes attached to his or her head as a part of which of the following
Daniel is hiking in the rainforest and hears the call of a jaguar for the first time. His “where
pathway” is likely to show activation going from the auditory cortex to the ___ lobe, and his
“what pathway” is likely to show activation going from the auditory cortex o the ____ lobe
In a shadowing task, which of the following changes would you expect the participant to be
LEAST likely to notice in the unattended ear?
When a stimulus doesn’t change, we often cease to attend to it. This is known as
The system that is responsible for integrating events occurring in the visuo-spatial sketchpad
and the phonological loop into a coherent sequence along with memory for the goals that
initiated those events is known as the
The duration of visual sensory memory can be measured using a delay before signaling what
to report in the partial report technique.
When pattern recognition is influenced by the observer’s expectations, this illustrates the
People with high working memory spans are always better as solving problems than people
with low working memory spans. True or false?
A person with prosopagnosia has difficulty
The malleus, incus, and stapes are found in
Studies using Sperling’s partial report technique to investigate visual sensory memory suggest
that the capacity is
The adult capacity of short-term memory is
The Brown-Peterson task can be used to measure the
Sean learned Spanish last year and this year he is taking Italian. As he learns more Italian, it
becomes more difficult for him to remember the Spanish he learned earlier. When Sean tries
to remember Spanish, he is experiencing
In a serial position study, increasing the speed with which the list items are presented should
Which of the following is TRUE of the transmission of information from one neuron to
Which of the following is NOT a component of the phonological loop in Baddeley’s model of
People who have “split brains” have had their ___ cut
Which of the following identifies the correct route of the neural signal during visual
In a serial exhaustive search, a person stops looking for the probe in the memory set when it
is found. True or false?
Direct simulation of the brain can be used to identify which parts of the brain control certain
functions. True or false?
The word length effect can be explained in the working memory model by the function of the
phonological loop. True or false?
Tests of simple memory span measure the capacity of working memory as well as additional
processing that is taking place. True or false?
XXXOOO is described as a group of 3 X’s followed by a group of 3 O’s. This example
illustrates the gestalt law of perceptual grouping known as
George is in a car accident and suffers a brain injury. After the injury, he is blind even though
his eyes are still functioning normally. Which lobe of the brain is likely to have been injured?
Active parts of the brain require greater blood flow. This can be detected withAnswer
Which of the following emphasize controlled experimentation in the interdisciplinary area of cognitive science?
A method used by cognitive psychologists to isolate the properties of a single stage of processing is called
Which physiological method of studying the brain provides the best spatial resolution
The four areas of the brain that make up the cerebral cortex are
A neuron includes dendrites, a cell body, and an axon. The dendrites in the neuron
The most recently evolved part of the cerebral cortex, a part of the brain that is well-developed only in mammals, is called the
Light, upon entering the eye, will never shine on, pass through, or illuminate which of the following structures?
Blindsight refers to
A selective inability to recognize faces is called
Which of the following components are in the correct order for auditory processing?
Which structure is NOT part of the visual pathway in the brain?
When pa and ba differ continuously in voice onset time, we hear an abrupt transition; this is called
Broadbent's filter theory of selective attention is an example of
Which of the following is most likely to be an automatic process?
Which of the following is true of automatic processing?
The reticular activation system (RAS) is located in the _______ and controls _______.
Research with driving simulators has found that multitasking by driving while using cell phone
Conscious (as compared to automatic) processing:
Which of the following belongs to the category of controlled attention?
When a message that is being shadowed shifts from the attended ear to the unattended ear, listeners
What is the name of the phenomenon in which a person does an unintended, but more automatic action in place of an intended, less automatic action?
The Stroop effect illustrates
A well-established method for improving short-term memory is
Which memory system requires maintenance rehearsal to prevent forgetting?
Consider the partial report condition as reported by Sperling (1960) in his iconic memory experiments. Which of the following is NOT true?
Which memory system seems to have an unlimited capacity?
Data on memory confusion (e.g., b confused with v) shows that coding in short-term memory is often
Which of the following is evidence that there is a distinction between short-term memory and long-term memory?
What component of working memory is involved in binding information from different modalities and from long-term memory?
This component of Baddeley's multicomponent model of working memory provides transient storage of verbal representations and maintains active memory via rehearsal
According to Sternberg, short-term memory is searched using what kind of process?
Milner described a young man, HM, who lost part of his temporal lobes and hippocampus in a brain operation. HM suffered
In mental rotation, response speed is a function of:
Adding 30 seconds of backwards counting between the study and test phases of a free recall list learning task:
When learning new material disrupts retention of old material, there is
Which of the following searches would take the longest?
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