an elected official=agent with many principals President represents more than 300 million principals thus the relationship between the gov't and the public is a PA problem Public opinion makes it difficult for agent to follow because it isn't consistent
Anthony Downs theory that people engage in not learning about politics and just free ride off people (Cue givers) who happen to like politics or need to know about politics for their jobs Ignorance opens the door to manipulation Cues allow people to get information when they need it
It's costly to vote and your vote will almost never matter to the outcome so the a voter is tempted to free ride off other voters efforts some people claim that some attention is required to know which are the trusted cues
Participation Coordination Problems
hard coordinating with people who live in different locations and you don't know ex. all want to fight something but send letters to different congress members (not as effective) Interest groups solve mobilization issues
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