Logos, Pathos and Ethos Columbus ?I finished the sentence for him. ?white supremacist capitalist patriarchy.?? ?Ethos Pg. 197 This phrase provoked anger within people and stirred a sensation within people that brought on a response hook was looking for. Uses the words like we, us and etc. to establish a connection with the reader ? what we acknowledge is that this moment allows us a public space to mourn, an occasion to grieve for what this world was like before the coming of the white man and to recall and reclaim the cultural values of that world.? - pathos pg. 198 When she says ?the coming of the white man? she makes a subtle comparison between Jesus and White man and how society views whiteman ?Ivan Van Sertima and to his ground-breaking book, They Came Before Columbus. Documenting the presence of Africans in this land before Columbus, his work calls us to rethink issues of origin and beginnings.? ? Pathos/ Logos pg. 199 ?When I recall learning about Columbus from grade school on, what stands out is the way we were taught to believe that the will to dominate and conquer folks who are different from ourselves is natural, not culturally specific.? ? Ethos pg. 199 Initially hook uses the word ?whiteness? in a semi harsh way, using it is as a slang word and then compares it to the word ?civilization? ?Pathos pg. 199 ?whatever cruelties were done to the indigenous peoples of this country, the ?Indians,? was necessary to bring the great gift of civilization? ? Ethos pg. 199 ?civilizing nonwhites? pg 199 focuses on the word domination a lot ?As a nation we have made little transformative progress to eradicate sexism and racism precisely because most citizens of the United States believe in their heart of hearts that it is natural for a group or an individual to dominate over others.? ? Ethos pg. 200 Marianna, Cara J. "Outlaw Culture (Book)." NWSA Journal 7.3 (1995): 140. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 10 Mar. 2010. ?In her collection of essays, bell hooks utilizes a process of cultural analysis to develop a critical consciousness and dialogue that can contest and disrupt the interlocking systems of oppression that constitute our ?culture of dominance?? (Marianna) ?Outlaw Culture? presents a complex critique of the politics of representation, addressing the hegemonic role that representation plays in sustaining ?white supremacist capitalist patriarchy? and assessing it counterhergemonic potential hooks writes in a clear and accessible style?? (Marianna) Firestone, Sharon. "Book reviews: Social sciences." Library Journal 119.19 (1994): 82. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 10 Mar. 2010. ?hooks essays does not made for comfortable reading-nor is it meant to? (Firestone) Thesis: ?The nation?s collective refusal to acknowledge institutionalized white supremacy is given deep and profound expression in the contemporary zeal to reclaim the myth of Christopher Columbus as patriotic icon? (198). (Darvay) Hooks?s argument is against Columbus?s legacy, that is, ?the CULTURAL CAPITAL that underlies and maintains modern-day white supremacist capitalist patriarchy? (198). Darvay CULTURAL CAPITAL = refers to a certain group of people holding technological, economic, social, and cultural advantage over other groups. (darvay) Where did you first learn about Columbus? Most schools sugar coat the history making it seem as though Columbus was the founding father of our country. She is not arguing with Columbus but that with the image he represents for us. *Domination is natural(key thesis) *the whiteness is = to civilization assumed to be natural (whites civilized the people) DOMINATION, COLONIALISM = NATURAL ?We were taught to believe [in school] that the will to dominate and conquer folks who are different from ourselves is natural, not culturally specific? (199) darvay ?We were taught that the Indians would have conquered and dominated white explorers if they could have but they were simply not strong or smart enough? (199) darvay WHITENESS = CIVILIZATION (refer back to slides for these) Embedded in the Columbus-icon is the idea that ?it was the whiteness of these explorers in the ?New World that gave them greater power. The word ?whiteness? was never used. The key word, the one synonymous with whiteness, was ?civilization.? Hence, we were made to understand at a young age [i.e. ideologically, cf. Barthes?s ?Toys?] that whatever cruelties were done to indigenous peoples in this country, the ?Indians,? was necessary to bring the great gift of civilization? (199). darvay ?Domination, it became clear in our young minds, was central to the project of civilization. And if civilization was good and necessary despite the costs, then that had to mean domination was equally good.? (199) darvay Conclusion ?Despite so much evidence in daily life that suggests otherwise, masses of white Americans continue to believe that black people are genetically inferior?that it is natural for them to be dominated. And even though women have proved to be the equals of men in every way, masses still believe that there can be no sustained social and family order if males do not dominate females, whether by means of benevolent and brutal patriarchies? (200)
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