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punk, psychedelic, folk, hard rock influences
angst-ridden, punk attitudes found in lyrics
"under the radar scene"
loyal fan network
digitaltechnology that enables AM and FM radio broadcasters to multicast two to threeadditional compress digital signals within their traditional analog frequency
overhauled the nation’s communications regulations, most regional and log distance phone companies and cable operators have competed against one another in the internet access business
allows users to select and watch/listen to video content on whenever they want. It is the technological successor to traditional pay-per-view programming
in TV audience measurement, a statistical estimate expressed as a percentage of households turned to a program in the local or national market being sampled
big budget special effects films
summer/holiday release dates, heavy promotion, and lucrative merchandising tie-ins
non fiction films based on actual people, settings, and events
the technological merging of content in different mass media
magazines that push the limits of decency and credibility
any print or broadcast which a fee is charged to the organization of individual buying time or space in the mass media.
What is propaganda?
communication strategically placed either as advertising or publicity to gain public support for a special program, issue or policy
exaggerate, fake stories, and stage events that promoted his circus
PR specialists who focus on media relations do what?
secure publicity in news media outlets
Contrast how Exxon reacted to an oil spill and how Johnson & Johnson responded to Tylenol pills being laced with poison:
Exxon did not respond immediately to the oil spill and did not send any chief officers to the site of the spill. They also tried to blame the spill on the captain instead of accepting responsibility.
J&J immediately sent out a warning to all consumers about how the pills could be poisoned. They also set up emergency phone lines to take calls from concerned customers. Three months later they came out with a new anti-tamper bottle design
What does PR Watch do?:
launch investigative reports on the PR industry at the benefit of the consumers, since PR specialists have close relationships with the press.
How do journalists use deception to get stories? Name a famous journalist who started this trend.
What does absolutist ethics say?
What is the opposite of absolutist ethics?
Give a hypothetical example of how a journalist could invade privacy to get a quote
What are the 4 main codes for journalists in the Society of Professional Journalists?
Seek Truth and Report It ; Minimize Harm ; Act Independently ; Be Accountable
What is a conflict of influence?
When journalists can benefit from the stories they produce
What is Aristotle’s Golden Mean?
Who wrote about the categorical imperative?
9. What does philosopher John Stuart Mill emphasize?
10. What is an example of a national and unconditional law the US has?
New York State vs. Steinberg (1988)
the original hookup to the television from the cable company which allowed you to switch channels
-C.A.T.V-community antenna television
-Run by local governments
-Received 5% of the gross as franchise fee to municipality
· New FCC Rules
o Must Carry Rule
o Distant Import Signals Limited To:
§ Three Network Stations
§ One or Two Independent Stations
§ Any Number of Subscriptions
o Must have education, local government, and public access channels.
· Cable Television Report and Order
o Deregulated cable’s expansion into new markets.
o Paved way for subscription networks: HBO was the first.
o Fcc wanted to cable to pay copyright fees to networks
o Cable said they were being treated differently
o Courts say cable is treated like a “second class citizen”
o Court rules in cable favor-say they show be treated equally
-govt controls media, which serves goals of the state
-modern examples: Cuba, North Korea
screwed consumers and benefited cable
electronic mail messages sent over the Internet; developed by computer engineer Ray Tomlinson in 1971
thin glass bundles of fiber capable of transmitting thousands of messages converted to shooting pulses of light along cable wires; these bundles of fiber can carry broadcast channels, telephone signals, and all sorts of digital codes
the software packages that help users navigate the Web
create categories with hierarchial topic structures that can be browsed
central to the development of the first computers in the 1940s-enables all media content to be created in the same basic way which makes media convergency possible
sites that contain articles or posts in chronological journal like form
buying and selling of products and services on the internet
used to track browsing habits or information profiles that are automatically collected and transferred between computer servers whenever users access websites. It’s purpose is to verify that a used has been cleared for access to a particular web site such as library database that is open only to university faculty and students
phony email messages that appear to be from official websites such as ebay, paypal or the user’s university or bank-asking customers to update their credit card numbers, account passwords, and other personal information
Papers can be sued based on libel
Have to show that it was done with actual malice or reckless intent...falsity is not enough NY times wins
-Product of PBS
-Educational show for children
-First use of technology for education
-miller says it was 80 % successful
-taught that generation to have short attention spans, short uts to keep interest
Used to prevent logjams in data communication which broke down messages into smaller pieces to more easily route them through the multiple paths on the network before reassembling them on the other end.
sites that listed information about particular topics such as health issues, computer programs, or employment services
miniature circuits that process and store electronic signals
smaller cheaper and more powerful than the bulky computer systems that occupied entire floors of buildings during the 1960s
World Wide Web (or the Web)
a data linking system for organizing and standardizing information on the internet; the WWW enables computer accessed information to associate with-or-link to other information,no matter where it is on the Internet
data linking feature of the we
HTLM (hypertext markup language)
the written code that creates Web pages and links
connects millions of home users to its proprietary WEb system through dial-up access
quickly downloads multimedia content
searching the entire web and looking for the number of times a key word shows up on a page
web sites that allow users to create personal profiles, upload photos, create lists of favorite things, and post messages to connect with old friends and meet new ones
enables users to send and receive real-time computer messages
sites enable anyone to edit and contribute to them
massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGS)
role-playing games set in virtual fantasy worlds that require users to play through an avatar
an identity created by an internet user in order to participate in a form of online entertainment
limited editions of a game that can be downloaded for free but users must buy the full version of the game, or spend real money for virtual goods to assist in playing the game
video games created for purely promotional purposes
subtle, integrate advertisements as billboards or logos in the game or making the product a component of the game
opt in policy
favored by consumer and privacy advocates require web sites to obtain explicit permission from consumers before the sites can collect browsing history data
favored by data mining corporations allow for the automatic collection of browsing history data unless the consumer requests to “opt out” of the practice
the illegal obtaining of personal credit and identity information in order to fraudulently spend other people’s money
the disparity of wealth between the rich and poor
refers to the growing contrast between the “information haves,” those who can afford to purchase computers and pay for internet services and the “information have nots,” those who may not be able to afford a computer or pay for internet services
noncommercial software shard freely and developed collectively on the internet
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