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Originating in Newfoundland, a large gun dog that is used in hunting. Has webbed feet for swimming. Coat colors include yellow, chocolate and black and is somewhat water-resistant. Great family dogs of amiable temperament, but weight must be managed. Popular as an assistance dog.
An intelligent, eager-to-please breed with varying shades of gold. A dense lower coat provides warmth while a thick outer, water repellent coat makes this breed a popular hunting dog. Popular as an assistance dog.
Docile breed with a large head and body, short, stout legs, loose skin and long ears. Strong hunting instinct. Originally developed in France to track small game. Usually a combination of black, tan and white, but other coat colors are acceptable. Often have a white blaze on forehead and white tipped tail to aid hunters when tracking game. Will bay.
Friendly, even-tempered, small to medium sized breed developed for tracking, with a keen sense of smell. The white-tipped tail has been selectively bred to aid hunters in following the dog while tracking game. Usually a combination of black, tan and white, although other coat colors are acceptable.
A long-bodied, short-legged German breed developed for hunting badgers, which burrow into the ground. Paws tend to be large and padded for digging. Three types of hair coat include smooth coat, long hair and wire hair, with a wide variety of coat colors and patterns.
A large, mainly white dog used for guarding livestock. Used by shepherds in the mountain regions of France and Spain. Hair coat consists of two layers, making it suitable for colder climates. Hair is often denser and longer around neck, giving a mane-like appearance, especially in males. This may have helped fend off wolf attacks. Gentle, but by nature territorial and stubborn. Noted for double dew claw.
Heavy-fronted, stocky, powerful breed developed in Germany. Both fawn and brindle coat colors. Short haired. Broad head and skulls, with square muzzle. Muscular. Protective. Name derived from how this breeds likes to use its front paws.
Short-haired, intelligent, loyal breed traditionally used as a guard dogs and police dogs. Medium-sized, muscular and athletic with a narrow face and sleek appearance. Ears and tails may be docked. Commonly with black bodies and tan points, there are several other coat color combinations due to a dilution gene.
Small, hardy Scottish breed that is very alert. Historically used as a working dog, ridding premises of vermin. Coat may be any color
Small breed with bearded snout, developed in Germany. Calmer and less aggressive than others in breed class. A popular family dog due to their friendly, sociable nature and protectiveness.
A small, intelligent, feisty breed developed in Scotland. Double coated, with the outer coat being curly and wiry and the under coat dense and soft. Often black, coat colors can be a variety of colors. Small erect ears and tail.
The smallest breed of dog, although it may come in a variety of sizes, shapes and coat types. Originating in Mexico, breed may be aggressive if not trained and socialized at a young age.
A small breed originating in China with a long, silky hair coat. Underbite is considered in the breed standard. Coat requires daily brushing. Considered an “ancient” breed.
A small breed developed to catch rats in the woolen mills of Yorkshire, England. Coat is silky, and the breed standard requires it to be tan with a blue saddle, although other colors are seen.
White double coat consisting of a short, dense undercoat and longer, straight guard hairs that are longer around the neck, giving it a muff-like appearance. Black nose, lips and eye rims. Short, triangular ears. Alert. Developed in Northern Europe, not Alaska as some believe.
Large, short-faced head with a distinctive pushed-in nose. Most are actually delivered by Caesarean section due to wide head. Wide shoulders and stance, drooping lips with a “rope” of skin over the nose. Coat colors in fawn, white, brindle, fallow or piebald. Docile.
A medium-sized, short-haired dog noted for its unusual coat with black or liver-colored spots. Developed in Croatia, used as a carriage and coach dog, most notably known as a “firehouse dog”.
Very active herding breed that lives for its job. Naturally bobbed tail. Eager to please, people-orientated, trainable. Medium size, with coat colors of black, red, blue merle and red merle, all with white and possibly tan. Most likely developed in the Pyrenees Mountains between Spain and France, despite its misleading name.
Medium-sized, extremely athletic breed. Selected for extraordinary instinct and working ability. Often black and white, but can be red and white or tri-color. Known for their intensity when working livestock, including their intense gaze (“the eye”). Considered most intelligent dog breed, but need to have a “job” to do.
A short, stocky herding breed with short legs. Two different breeds named for the counties of origin in Wales. Size, ear shape, and bone structure differs between the two breeds. Known for nipping at the heels of animals they are trying to herd.
One of the first recognized cat breeds, developed in what is now Thailand. Slim, well-muscled body with pointed face and ears. Short, sleek cream or white body is defined by dark points (seal, blue, chocolate or lilac) on face, ears, legs and tail.
A large, long- or medium-haired cat breed with a rectangular body and long tail. Dense, water-resistant coat, large paws and long, bushy tail is optimal for surviving in harsh conditions. Most likely developed in New England.
A large breed of cat with a natural mutation that results in a short, stubby tail or no tail at all. Elongated rear legs gives a “bobcat-like” appearance. All coat colors are possible, although white is not common.
Thought to be brought to the U.S. aboard settler’s ships, this breed is known for its mousing ability. Athletic, easy-maintenance, and easy-going.
A long- to medium-haired breed with white “gloves” or paws. Coat does not mat. Blue eyes. Body coat color is cream/eggshell to gold in color, with colored points (face, ears, legs, tail). Kittens are born white.
A medium-sized, mostly green bird originating in South America, Mexico and the Caribbean. Accent colors may be red, orange or yellow. Can mimic human voice.
Small, Finch-like bird known for song (males only). While yellow is the most common, other colors are possible, including orange, brown, white and red. Active, curious and love to fly.
A yellow-faced, crested, gray bird in the cockatoo family. Originated in Australia. Orange areas on cheeks.
A general term for a small to medium sized, long-tailed bird. The Budgerigar is the most common species kept as a pet. Active, friendly birds which enjoy social interaction and attention.
A medium-sized grey bird that is known for its friendly nature, intelligence and ability to mimic a multitude of sounds, including different human voices and speech.
A long, sleek mammal with brown, black, white or mixed fur, usually 20 inches in length with a long, bushy tail. Tend to be territorial, like to burrow, known for “stealing” small items and hiding them away.
A small rodent with large ears and a fluffy tail native to the high altitude regions of South America. Dense, soft fur, resulting from an average of 60 hairs from each follicle. Ability to jump up to 6 ft. Most common color is grey.
A large rodent with short ears. Coat may be short or long. Communicate with a variety of squeaks and clicks. Popular as a pet since they like to be handled and are easy to care for. Self-groomers.
Small rodent that are more active early in the morning and at dusk. Burrows underground in the wild. Several species, including dwarfs, have become popular as household pets.
A small to medium-sized lizard, with no discernable neck and small, short legs (or no legs at all!). Several species have become popular as household pets. Long, tapered tail can be shed it held by predator.
A large snake with distinctive “saddle” pattern (in a variety or reds and browns). Solitary animals with distinctive arrow-shaped head with stripes. Can become quite tame when raised in captivity.
A small lizards with a variety of species. Unique form of communication chirping), not observed in other lizards. Often nocturnal, and possess toe pads that allow them to climb vertically. Are often quite colorful and vibrant.
Lizard native to Central and South America and Caribbean. Characterized by a dewlap and spines running down back.
The most popular breed of turtle in North America, characterized by the distinctive red and yellow striped on its neck, legs and tail. Yellow spot behind eye with a stripe.
Most popular turtle as a household pet, characterized by the red stripe on the sides of the head. Can be aggressive, especially during feeding.
Medium to large bodied frogs found in the rain forests with extremely large mouth. Lie in wait for prey to come by, and will eat virtually anything that will fit into their mouth. Often bright green with red, but other colors are seen.
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