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What is competency 009?
Writing conventions- The teacher understands the conventions of writing in English and provides instruction that helps students develop proficiency in applying writing conventions.
*drawing (read their pictures as if there was writing)
-Regular exposure to print, - teacher modeling, -response to all attempts, - writing integration through the curriculum
A writing friendly environment consists of.
Writing centers, Independent writing, functional writing activities, journal writing
How is spelling affected by the alphabetic principle?
As children learn about the alphabetic principle (sound/symbol relationships), they apply what they are learning to their writing.
Children's ____ is related to their invented spellings. Definition---- phonological awareness
Stages of spelling development
Precommunicative, semiphonetic, phonetic, transitional, conventional
-No understanding that letters make sounds, writes pictures instead of words, or random letters
Early understanding of the alphabetic principle
- children understand that letters represent sounds, even though they are not able to successfully hear all the sounds or represent each sound with a letter
spelling stage where children tend to represent all the basic sounds in a word, but their spelling is still frequently incorrect.
Short vowel sounds are typically miswritten. Buk for book.
Transitioning towards conventional spelling
- child realizes that not all words are spelled as they sound.
children are able to apply spelling conventions to words they write
two consonant sounds blended together
- bl, cr, dr
three consonants blended together
- scr, str
Two consonants that *spell* one sound
- ch, ph, th
Two or more vowels that *spell* one sound
-ai, au, aw, ay, ee, eigh,ea, ie, oa, oe, oo, ow, ue
One vowel *sound* formed by the combination of two vowel sounds
When a one syllable word has only one vowel and the vowel comes between two consonants, it is usually short. sat
when a vowel follows a consonant in a one-syllable word, the vowel is long. me
when there are two vowels in a one-syllable word and one of them is an e at the of the word, the first vowel is long and the final e is silent.
-- Bake, stone
forming or dividing words into syllables, or single vocal impulses
What instructional strategies are used to teach spelling
A) five-step word study strategy.
B) visualization approach.
E) Johnson and Myklebust technique
Strategies to teach spelling
Word wall, spelling journal, Word sort, daily reading and writing, think it out approach,
Think it out approach
Remind students that spelling involves more than phonological information, they should think about spelling patters, roots, and affixes
-As opposed to sound it out approach
ability to conform to the structural aspects of writing that are considered to be acceptable
Used as the subject of the sentence or as a subject complement following a linking verb.
- I, you, he, she, it ,they, we
objects of the sentence
- me, you, him, her, them, us
- The ball belongs to him. (object of preposition)
- The letter gave me encouragement. (indirect object)
- The teacher congratulated them. (direct object)
noun/pronoun which a pronoun refers to
- Charles finished HIS work
modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb. Answers the question: How?
-the child ran quickly. (verb- ran)
- The young girl wore a very beautiful dress. (adjective- beautiful)
- The child ran rather quickly
Modify nouns. Answer the questions: Which one? How many? What kind?
Teaching writing conventions should be done within.
the context of print
Teaching written conventions- strategies
Big books- emphasize the spelling and punctuation
conferencing= help students understand various aspects of editing
Working collaboratively- encourage them to help each other
Peer conferencing: Why should it be done? (writing process)
help students understand various aspects of editing
Encourage the process of writing rather than the
-There is time for free writing, and a time for edited pieces.
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