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What are the four subfields of anthropology?
All of the following are examples of absolute dating methods employed by archaeologists EXCEPT
________ developed the particulate genetic theory of inheritance which ultimately describes the pattern of inheritance for simple traits.
The marked difference in body size between male and female gorillas is an example of?
What is the term for the belief that explanations for past events should be sought in ordinary forces that are at work today?
What is anthropometry?
_________________ studies the evolutionary basis of social behavior.
What does the relationship between genetic traits and the prevalence of diseases such as malaria illustrate?
Each of the following are considered general primate traits/characteristics except:
To what does the advent of behavioral modernity refer?
Based on scientific theories of evolution, humans are not descended from gorillas or chimps. Rather,
Natural selection is the process by which the forms most fit to survive and reproduce in a given environment do so in greater numbers that others in the same population. But more than survival of the fittest, natural selection is the natural process that leads to
How do we recognize members of different cultures?
We have learned that reliance on culture has increased in the course of human history. Yet the fact and mechanisms of evolution remain a key part of our human present and future because
____ are portable items that show evidence of having been used by humans or their ancestors.
Each of the following is a DNA base except:
New World monkeys are the only primates that
A(n) ___ is a sign that has no necessary or natural connection to the thing for which it stands.
Platyrrhines is the taxonomic category for which group of primates?
What is the term for a trait that organisms have jointly inherited from a common ancestor (e.g., the presence of carpal bones in whale fins and human wrists)?
Phenotypical adaptation refers to what?
Which of the following is not an adaptive trend in anthropoids?
Dr. Dan Osborn’s research focuses on human growth and development. This is an example of
An examination of racial taxonomies from around the world indicates that
What do anthropologists mean when they say culture is shared?
Archaeological excavation is concerned with recovering information from ______contexts while archaeological survey deals with _____ contexts.
Cultural anthropologists carry out fieldwork
Although Darwin became the best known evolutionist, the idea of evolution had been around well before him. Darwin's key contribution was to propose a mechanism that drives evolution known as
Which of the following statements about the concept of race as applied to humans is true?
Which of the following are most closely related to chimpanzees?
Informed consent refers to the
What is the term for a gradual shift in gene frequencies between neighboring populations?
What does Bergmann's rule state?
Anthropology is ____. It operates by (1) recognizing patterns in human diversity; (2) proposing a theory to explain pattern (3) generating hypotheses from theories; and, (4) collecting data to evaluate hypotheses.
What makes bonobos exceptional among the primates?
As depicted in the video Yanomamo: A Multidisciplinary Study, the Yanomamo live in
______ is the only way to introduce completely new genetic variation into a species.
______ came up with the concept of natural selection independent of Charles Darwin.
The potlatch is well documented for groups in
With glacial retreat, foragers pursued a more generalized economy, with more emphasis on small animals and plants. This is referred to as the __________, and precedes the advent of agriculture in most parts of the world.
The ________, found in the Middle East, practiced sedentism and broad-spectrum foraging, an adaptive strategy seen just prior to the appearance of domesticated varieties of wheat and barley.
All of the following are true about Behavior Observation EXCEPT
With the advent of agriculture, we see all of the following EXCEPT
Each of the following features is associated with bipedalism except:
The ________, meaning "new stone age," is associated with the appearance of ground and polished stones, which we see occurring with early agriculture.
Which of the following is correct about the food-producing traditions of Mesopotamia and Mesoamerica?
_______research is an ethnographic technique that relies on the continuous, long-term study of a community, region, culture or other unit.
________ is a tuber, also known as cassava, which was domesticated in the lowlands of South America.
Adaptive strategy refers to a groups system of economic production. An example of an adaptive strategy is
The significance of an age grade is that
What term refers to the culturally sanctioned practice of marrying someone within a group to which one belongs?
The development of _______________ is a crucial feature of chiefdoms
States collapse as a result of
The incest taboo is a cultural universal, but
The double standard in regards to human sexual behavior means that
Gender stratification refers to the
What term refers to a gift made by the husband and his kin to the kin of the bride?
A(n) __________ is a form of social and political organization that has a formal, central government and a division of society into classes.
Research on communication skills of nonhuman primates reveals their inability to refer to objects that are not immediately present in their environment, such as food and danger. The ability to describe things and events that are not present is called
An anthropologist studying kinesics focuses upon communication via
Which of the following best defines polygyny?
In which type of society would you expect women's status to be highest?
The significance of the Code of Hammurabi is that it shows
The ___ of a language is a dictionary containing all of its morphemes and their meanings.
All cultures have taboos against _________, sexual relations with someone considered to be a close relative although precisely what constitutes a close relative varies across cultures.
In American mixed speaking groups, _____ tend to talk more and interrupt more often compared with ____. Observations of this sort come from sociolinguistics.
___ refers to the individual who is the point of reference in a kinship diagram.
In the Valley of Mexico, we see a number of states form, thrive, and decline, including
The Inuit song battle is
Gender refers to
According to the text, comparative analysis of similar words in various cognate languages suggests the origins of Proto-Indo European (PIE) in
Which of the following is true?
The sororate and levirate function to
#, //, ≠ are examples of ____ in the click languages spoken in southern Africa.
Foraging economies are usually associated with which type of sociopolitical organization?
EARLY writing in Mesopotamia is linked to
Children who grow up in the same kibbutz are unlikely to marry one another because
Among the Yanomamö of Venezuela and Brazil, as in many societies with unilineal descent, which of the following is true?
Leaders in bands and tribes lead through
Exogamy, the practice of seeking a husband or wife outside one's own group, has adaptive value because
The practice of sending Native American children to boarding schools where they were required to speak only English and practice Christianity represents attempted ____, the destruction of the culture of an ethnic group.
What kind of religion is based on the idea that each human has a double, which is active during sleep?
The Careers in Anthropology video gave various examples of applied anthropologists. The anthropologist working at GM was mainly responsible for:
The cargo cults of the Pacific, which weave Christian doctrine with aboriginal beliefs, are examples of
What type of applied anthropology works with law enforcement, medical examiners, courts, and international organizations to identify victims of crimes, accidents, wars, and terrorism?
The resistance of the French to the construction of Euro Disneyland is an example of resistance to American
What is an illness?
Which of the following is a characteristic procedure of the work applied anthropologists do?
________ is the comparative study of the musics of the world and of music as an aspect of culture and society.
_______ is the area of study that focuses on how cultural beliefs and practices help human populations adapt to their environment.
Why does the biological concept of ‘race’ fail to explain modern human variation?
In a comparative study of 68 development projects, Kottak determined that
Which of the following statements about the concept of race in Brazil is NOT true?
What is the term for our contemporary world in flux, with people on the move, in which established groups, boundaries, identities, contrasts and standards are reaching out and breaking down?
Religious beliefs can also play a role in helping people adapt to their environment. For example, the Hindu practice of ________, which prohibits harm to living things, makes cattle sacred and beef a tabooed food. This taboo stops peasants from killing their draft cattle in times of extreme need.
Exploring the possible biological roots of music, researchers have speculated that music might have been adapted to human evolution because
For ____ societies, we often refer to art as produced by “the group,” rather than individual artists. And, in fact, in such societies, “art” may be highly collaborative in nature, with multiple individuals contributing to a particular piece.
Chapter 21 offers a structural analysis of The Wizard of Oz and _________, showing how the latter adopted elements of a classic American fairy tale.
Witchcraft accusations and witch hunts are frequently conducted to
__________ is the branch of applied anthropology that deals with the comparative, biocultural study of disease, health problems, and health care systems.
What type of social status comes through choices, actions, effects, talents, or accomplishments?
Anthropologists study sports, e.g., American football, because
What is the term for the physical destruction of an ethnic or religious group through mass murder?
A _________ refers to the offspring of an area that have spread to other areas, for example, the Tzintzuntzan community members now being studied in Chicago.
William Rathje’s “garbage project” demonstrates
Many Native American cultures are also ____; members share a single language, religion, history, territory, ancestry, and kinship.
A rite of passage refers to
Agent, media, forum, audience—all are involved in the _______ of social identity.
________ refers to the manipulation of the supernatural to accomplish specific goals.
Which of the following is NOT an example of applied anthropology?
In ____ societies, art may be financed by wealthy elites, leaders, and institutions such as the church, temple or palace.
A custom or social action that operates to reduce differences in wealth and bring standouts in line with community norms is referred to as
Assigning Barack Obama, whose father was black and African and whose mother was white and of European descent, to the African American ethnicity/race is an example of what?
The Mesoamerican ballgame was played throughout greater Mesoamerica on an I-shaped court with
In Japan, burakumin
___ refers to a kind of applied archaeology concerned with identifying and protecting prehistoric or historic sites and traditional cultural properties.
In Rwanda, the ethnic labels of Hutu and Tutsi were created to perpetuate hierarchies and justify violence against groups seen as less than human. Such a practice is an example of ______, wherein identities are presented as established, real and frozen, masking the historical processes within which those lables developed.
What does the analysis of racial categories in the U.S. census suggest about race?
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