[Fr.]. A musics-dramatic form that flourished in France in the late 17C. Principal composers:Campra, Mouret and Montéclair. The genre makes use of musical types found in ballet (instrumental pieces, dances) and in opera (recitatives, arias, choruses), but the dramatic premise linking the musical numbers is likely to be slight.
[Fr.]. A type of French comic opera. Term used by Offenbach starting in 1858
[Fr.]. An opera on a French text with musical numbers separated by spoken dialogue. In the 18C, treatment of subject mater was likely to be lighthearted or sentimental. In 19C, plots incorporated serious or tragic events (e.g. Bizet's Carmen). In such works, the adjective comique is divorced from the notion of comic or humorous and refers only to the use of spoken dialogue.
[It.] Form o opera prevalent through the 18C. It. librettos (usually Metastasio) set by Italian, Austrian, and German composers and performed in all major countries of Europe with the exception of France. Characters were usually drawn from ancient history and commonly featured 3 acts. Musical components include: simple recitative, da capo arias (perhaps 25 in the course of an opera). Term also used to describe some of the works of 19C composes, Rossini, Bellini, and Donizetti.