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Which of the following would be the bestway to make a woman aggressive?
Synchronization of menstrual cycles inwomen who live together suggests that humans respond to:
IQ scores keep increasing with eachsuccessive generation. This is called:
What would the external genitalia look likein an XY individual exposed to high levels of both
androgens and estrogens during early development?
A person with androgen insensitivity isgenetically:
male, but develops looking like afemale
Procedural memory is to ________________ as declarative memory is to _______________?
Dr. Love, a very successful marriage counselor, is famous for the coffee she serves to squabbling
couples. It seems that after they drink it, each member of the couple reportsfeeling a stronger bond
with his/her partner. What secret ingredient do you think she puts inthe coffee?
Which brain area is most important for forming declarative memories?
What kind of drug would most effectively suppress LTP?
. Which of the following is not an exampleof implicit memory?
16. Which of the following changes would probably not occur on the post-synaptic neuron of a synapse that has been potentiated?
females look different from males
Research suggests that the influence ofenvironment on intelligence is:
less important than the influence of genetics
When people were forced to frown, by holding a pen in their lips, how did they rate cartoons they
Which of the following describes the neuropathology of Alzheimer’s Disease?
Which of the following statements is basedon the James-Lange theory of emotion?
You are studying a population of men whoreport that they have recently fallen in love.
You would expect all of thefollowing brain structures to show high levels of activity in these
men, except the:
Brain activity of people in love is similar to brain activity of people with:
What component of emotion is the cingulate cortex associated with?
Olfactory information is carried from the nasal epithelium directly to the:
Which of the following would most effectively increase sexual arousal in a woman?
Which of the following brain regions hasnot been shown to be sexually dimorphic?
When asked to identify different emotional expressions, people with Urbach-Wiethe disease had the
most difficulty identifying:
. Which population would you expect to perform best on a mental rotation task?
Which brain area is most important for working memory?
Why is the female brain smaller than themale brain?
An odd thing about H.M.’s memory was that he was able to:
. learn new motor tasks, but not remember learning them
LTP is thought to be the basis of____________, while LTD is thought to be the basis of ___________.
External genitals for males and femalesdevelop from _____________; ovaries and testes develop
a. a single unisex structure; a singleunisex structure
Which of the following brain regions has been linked with mathematical ability?
Which of the following is somatotopicallyorganized?
loss of dopamine-producing cells
The emotionalaspect of pain is processed where?
A lot of visual processing begins in theretina. Which of the following is not an example of this?
the ventral stream
What are the receptors for hearing called?
Which of the following is a common symptomof Huntington’s Disease?
A common treatment for Parkinson’s diseaseis a drug that does what?
increases the brain’s production of dopamine
What is the “master regulator” of yourbody’s energy management system?
The optic nerve is formed by the axons ofwhat type of cells in the retina?
After damage to the vestibular system, whatwould someone have trouble doing?
What is responsible for muscle weakening inmyasthenia gravis?
thereare fewer receptors for acetylcholine on the muscle fibers
What brain structure is most vulnerable tothe effects of chronic stress?
What would a low amplitude, high frequency wave soundlike to us?
In humans, what is the job of the pinnae?
toaid in sound localization
Which of the following are presented inthe correct order when describing the path of sound waves
as they pass from the outer ear to the inner ear?
a. pinna,tympanic membrane, ossicles, cochlea
What is cortisol?
. Joe has suffered brain damage that has lefthim unable to recognize the faces of his wife and
children, although he can identify themby their voices. What is Joe’s condition?
magnocellular neurons in the periphery
What neurotransmitter is released at theneuromuscular junction?
Alcohol intoxication mimics the symptoms ofdamage to what brain structure?
Where are the receptors for hearinglocated?
visually guided movement
Humans use the ___________________ for“reflective” thinking, but the ___________________ for
“reflexive” thinking under stress.
Which muscle would you expect to have the fewestnumber of fibers controlled by a single
If you give a person with a properlyfunctioning HPA axis an injection of dexamethasone
(synthetic cortisol), what should happen?
blood levels of cortisol shoulddecrease
. In a non-diabetic individual, if blood levels of insulin are high, bloodlevels of _____________ arealso high
In order to causemuscles to move, the motor cortex:
sends axons to the brainstem and spinalcord
Why does the fovea provide the best visualacuity?
eachganglion cell connects to only 1 photoreceptor
The fact thatneurons are limited in their rate of firing by the refractory period is mostdamaging to
Three small bones connect the tympanicmembrane to the oval window. What is the
function of these bones?
theyconvert sound waves in air into waves of greater pressure
Dr. P (the man who described a rose as “aconvoluted red form with a linear green attachment”)
probably had a tumor where?
According to _________ _________ thebasilar membrane vibrates in synchrony with sound waves, causing auditory nerveaxons to produce action potentials at the same frequency.
Which of the following is a proprioceptor?
. If you want to see a faint star at night,you should look slightly to one side of it. Why?
cones are less sensitive to dim light
Which of thefollowing would not cause the release of endorphins?
an area of the skin innervated by aspinal nerve
Why is it better to be a “pear” than an“apple”?
youare less likely to have the metabolic syndrome
Which of the following is not a stimulant?
How is an axon that has lost its myelin(through disease) different from an axon that was never myelinated?
. it lacks Na+ channelsalong parts of its surface
axons grow to their targets and form connections
What happens if a neuron fails to makefunctional connections during development?
The concentration gradient for K+tends to:
Growth cones are necessary for:
A drug would prevent an action potential ifit:
a. blocks the movement of sodium acrossthe membrane
. Which of the following would cause an IPSP?
Where would you find a node of Ranvier?
on an axon
. Which of the following neurotransmitters is associated withreinforcement?
. What is the job of the thalamus?
. Saltatory conduction __________ the speed of action potentials and__________ the amount of
energy used by the neuron.
. Suppose you were bitten by a black widow spider, whose venom increasesthe release of acetylcholine.
Which of the following treatments would be the most effective?
.increase the activity of acetylcholinesterase (the enzyme that breaks downacetylcholine)
. Whichof the following combinations would be most likely to summate to produce anaction potential?
Which of the following does not affectGABA?
Which of the following best describes the organization of the spinal cord?
. sensory nerves enter dorsal,motor nerves exit ventral
What do all addictive drugs have in common?
theyall increase release of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens
What are neuronal membranes made of?
Stimulus A depolarizes a neuron just barelyabove threshold. Stimulus B depolarizes a neuron to 10 mV
above threshold. What will happen?
stimulus A and stimulus B will produce the same responsein the neuron
Which of the following is only present duringdevelopment?
Which of the following is an agonist?
. What is the signal for neurotransmitter release?
If a neuron receives an EPSP, the resultwill be that it will fire:
onlyif the threshold of excitation is crossed
Where in the adult brain does neurogenesisoccur?
ithas a lot of connections with other neurons
theyhave one end in the periphery, and one end in the central nervous system
Which of the following best describesneuronal conduction?
How does methamphetamine cross the bloodbrain barrier?
. Which of the following would be the bestanalgesic?
At resting membrane potential, which ion ismost concentrated outside the membrane?
The word “morphology” refers to what aspectof a cell?
What kind of neuron makes your toes move?
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