What is the relationship between mental illness and the person's likelihood of being violent?
There is no relationship b/w mental illness and a person's likelihood of being violent. People with mental illnesses are no more likely to be violent than anyone else
The author of the textbook refers to the evolutionary perspective on psychopathology. How does that perspective view psychopathology?
The evolutionary perspective views psychopathology in terms of how adaptive behaviors are. A problematic behavior may provide an advantage directly to the individual, or it may be secondary to another process that is advantageous to the individual.
Mental health professionals once viewed disordered behavior from the biological perspective, but now they take the biopsychosocial perspective. How does the biopsychosocial perspective differ from the original biological perspective?
The biopsychosocial perspective argues that social, psychological, and behavioral factors play as much a role in illness as biological factors.
Schizophrenia tends to appear at about the same age in cultures all over the world, and has about the same prevalence all over the world. What do these two things say about the relative influences of genetics and culture on the appearance of schizophrenia?
When a disorder appears at about the same time and with the same prevalence all over the world, it usually suggests that genetics is the major contributor to its appearance rather than culture.
When we’re considering the survival advantages and disadvantages of human behaviors, what environment do we have to consider rather than the current human technological environment?
In considering survival advantages and disadvantages of human behaviors, we have to consider the ancient environments in which humans evolved, not our current environments.
What are three characteristics of the concept of psychopathology that enable us to identify those who are mentally ill?
Mentally ill people show behaviors that are maladaptive, that cause distress to the self and to others, that violate cultural and statistical norms, that are irrational or show difficulty connecting to the environment, or that are dangerous to the self and others.