The organized body of knowledge that evaluates arguments – the aim of logic is to develop a system of methods and principles for evaluating and constructing arguments
A group of statements, one or more of which – the premises – are claimed to provide support for one of the others – the conclusion.
Statements that set forth reasons or evidence.
Premise indicators: since, because, for, given that, as indicated by [see p. 3]
The statement that the evidence is claimed to support.
Conclusion indicators: therefore, thus, consequently, so hence, it follows that, as a result [see p. 3]
A group of statements that purports to shed light on some event or phenomenon.
The explanandum (the dumb one, i.e. the one that need to be explained) is the statement that describes the event or phenomenon.
The explanans is the statement or group
A statement of the form “if … then…”. The component statement immediately following the “if” is the antecedent; the component statement immediately following the “then” is the consequent.
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