Concepts of Integrated Forest Protection What is a Forest Pest? What is a Forest Pest? Subjective term Depends upon management objectives Any organism that potentially competes with humans for forest resources Development of Integrated Pest Management Response to heavy reliance on pesticides in agriculture Concepts applied to all crop and resource systems, including forestry Lots of different names (e.g. Integrated Control, Harmonious Control, Intelligent Pest Management, Ecologically-Based Pest Management, Integrated Forest Protection) Integrated Forest Protection Interdisciplinary (Systems approach) Ecological basis Economic (or action) thresholds Prevention of pest problems Pest interactions Use a variety of tactics and treatments in a coordinated approach Systems Approach Pest Management Forest Management Pest Interactions Competing Vegetation (-) Pine Tip Moths (+) Fusiform Rust (+) Pitch Canker(+) Coordinated use of treatments and strategies Information Needed to Implement Integrated Forest Protection Basic biology and ecology Impact data Detection/monitoring systems Hazard/risk rating systems Treatment alternatives Steps in IPM Process Identify management objectives Identify potential pests Monitor pest populations/damage trends Develop treatment alternatives Prevention and suppression Select the preferred option Implement Evaluate effectiveness Revisions ? Adaptive Management
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