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what are the types of engines and props?
4 Allison T56-A-15 engines
4 Hamilton standard 54H60-91 props
What can the aircraft be configured to carry?
92 ground troops
64 para troops
combinations of the above
What are the principle dimensions?
height: 38' 6"
Length: 97' 9"
stabiliser span: 52' 8"
Wing span: 132' 7"
What are the cargo compartment dimensions?
width: 10' 3"
What are the dimensions of the cargo ramp and door?
height of sill (ADS pos): 39"-41"
Max dimensions: 10'3"wide x 9'high
door height above ground: 11'11"
What are the lethal warnings?
High energy ignition units
Cargo door safety lock
CMDS Counter measures expendables
What 3 precautions are to be followed when CMDS mags are loaded?
-3 safety pins at FS 803 are to be installed
-CMDS master switch onNav side panel to be off and guarded
- WOW override switch on nav side panel to b off and guarded
What is the APU WARNING?
During startup operation of APU stand clear of compressot intake and exhaust. Exercise care to prevent FOD from entering intake as turbine failure may sufficiently voilent to damage equip and pers
What is the SATCOM and HF WARNING?
Do not operate the system when personnel are within 8.5' of the antenna or 20' of the antenna for 3mins per hour
How many and what are the doors and hatches?
10, crew entrance door, LH &RH para doors, ramp and door, aft centre and fwd overhead escape hatches, RH side escape hatch, LH & RH direct view window
What are the dimensions of the crew entrance door?
4'3" x 2'7"
Crew entrance door warning?
if it is suspected that the aircraft is pressurized, do not attempt to open door
Crew door Caution?
No more than 1 person on door at a time. door must be supported when opening
Draw C130 electrical system
What does the 24V battery power when fitted?
- Fire extinguisher circuit
- AC external power switch solenoid
- Alarm bells
- Jump lights
- isolated DC Bus on Battery light
- Voltmeter DC
- Emergency depressurization
- Emergency exit lights extinguish button
What does the touchdown system do?
It enables and disables certain systems in the air and on the ground.
What systems are controlled by the touchdown Relay?
- Landing gear lever lock unlocked
- Ramp and door control from flight deck
- ADS release
Landing Lights warning?
Do not operate landing lights for prolonged periods on ground as neither light has any cooling facility
What is the limitation for landing lights?
What r the exterior lights?
Anti-collision strobe lights
Wingtip taxi light
Wing leading edge lights
Nose wheel well light
What systems are anti-iced electrically?
What does LH AC power?
resurculation fan in cargo comp.
Rapid cooling System (RCS)
What does the suction booster do?
provides a head of positive pressure for engine driven pumps
What does the pressure Transmitter do?
Converts hydraulic pressure to electric pressure and sends signal to flight deck EIDS
What does the Accumulator do?
Positive back pressure. Absorbs the hydraulic shocks.
Charged to 1500 +_ 100 PSI
What is the Auxiliary pump driven by?
Either a 3 phase ESS AC driven pump or a handpump
What is the Aux pump CAUTION?
To prevent overloading the electrical system when A/C is powered by a single 40kVA source, ensure the RCS and the Winch are switched off prior to operating the Auxiliary Hydraulic pump
What does the ground test valve do?
Ties the utility system to the Auxiliary system
What is the ground test valve CAUTION?
To prevent damage to the system and transfer of fluid, all auxiliary and utility pressure is to be depleted before systems are tied or untied
What are the limitations for Hydraulic pressure (boost & utility)?
2900 - 3200 psi
3500 psi Max
What is the limitation for Hydraulic pressure Auxiliary?
2900 - 3300 psi
3500 max psi
What is the limitation for Accumulator Precharge?
1500psi +- 100
What is the limitation for accummulator indication during flight?
2900 - 3200 psi
3500 psi max
What are control cables?
A closed loop cable system connects the flight station torque tubes to the various booster packages
What is a Booster Package?
Aileron, rudder and elevator booster packages
assists the pilot in using controls
What is the Booster package WARNING?
Power assistance give the pilot a 40:1 advantage over controls. A safety man is to be used at all time while moving control surfaces on the ground
What primary flight control has a pressure reducing valve?
the Rudder does when cruising as higher pressure would be too abrupt
What are the Alternative methods of operating the flaps (loss of utility control or utility system pressure)?
Electrical problem: override the flap selector valve using the manual override buttons
Hydraulic Problem: flaps can be positioned using the manual drive system
What do Shock struts, Torque Struts and Screwjacks do?
Shock strut: shock absorber
Torque Strut: Connects 2 shock struts together to keep wheels aligned
Screwjack: causes shock struts to move up and down
What does the Drag pin do?
Gives extra rigidity and added Strength
what are the 4 options for MLG in order?
2- Override landing gear selector valve
3- Manual gear extension of the MLG using manual drive system
4- MLG extension after normal and manual failure. (disconnect universal joints on torque shaft)
What are the 4 options in order for the NLG?
2- Override the landing gear selector valve
3- Emergency hydraulic extension of the NLG
4- NLG manual extension after complete loss of hydraulic pressure. (freefall)
What is the landing gear limit?
Do not exceed 165KIAS with landing gear down
What is the Nose wheel Steering limit?
60 degree turn limit when torque links connected
What is the Normal brake pressure limit?
3500 psi max
What is the Accumulator precharge for LH&RH NLG wheel well?
1500 +-100 psi
What is the Emergency brake pressure limit?
2900 - 3300 psi
3500 psi max
What is the Ramp and door CAUTION?
To limit stress on the airframe do not open the ramp and door when th aircraft is taxiing unless required for ops
What is the Manifold control valve and hydraulic control panel WARNING?
None of these controls should be left unattended in any position other than neutral
Where are the switches for the ADS system?
Co-pilot side of the centre panel
What are the limits for Aft cargo door and ramp?
150KIAS max with ramp and door open
185KIAS max with ramp closed but door open
What are the limits for para troop doors?
150KIAS max during opening and closing
250KIAS with para doors open and locked
What is the limit for Paratroop Air Deflectors?
Do not exceed 150KIAS during operation or when open
What are the Hydraulic system Malfunctions and emergencies?
- Loss of system pressure
- engine driven pump failure
- electric pump failure
- utility system failure
- booster system failure
- Auxiliary system failure
- flight control system failure
- flap system failure
- flap position indicator failur
What provides power to the Aircraft?
- External AC and DC power
- Engine driven generators
What systems do the RH DC Bus provide?
- Paratroop Air Deflector doors
- Aft anchor cable support arms
- Ramp and ADS control
- Iron Lung outlets
- Static line retrievers
- Cargo power outlets
- Cargo compartment lighting
- Door warning lights
- Jump platform lights
What are the sources of bleed air?
- Engines (14th stage)
- External ground compressor
What are the fuel tanks?
No1, No2, LH AUX, LH Ext, RH AUX, RH Ext, No3, No4
What is the fuel tanks capacity?
No 1&4 - 8772 lbs
No 2&3 - 8092 lbs
Aux - 6188 lbs
Ext - 9248 lbs
TOTAL - 64600 lbs
If fuel is above 45000 lbs what happens to COG?
Reduction in COG limit by 1%
What Refuel system does the C130 use and what are its limits?
- Single point refuel
- 600 US Gallons per min
- 60 psi
What are the fuel tank unbalance limits?
- 1000 lbs between tanks symmetrically
- 1500 lbs between left and right wings, apart from
- one aux tank can be full and another empty provided the other tanks are symmetrically refueled or unbalanced towards the opposite side within the above lim
How much fuel remains when fuel is dumped?
No 1&4 - 2100 lbs
No 2&3 - 1800 lbs
TOTAL - 7800lbs
What are the 3 Fuel dump WARNINGS?
- Ensure CMDS is safe before dumping fuel.
- consider dumping carefully if there is a possibility of damage or rupture
- Suspend dumping if wing fire exists
What systems does the bleed air supply?
- Nacelle preheat
- Engine starting
- Windscreen de-fog
- Cabin pressurization
- Radome Anti-ice
- Urinal drain anti-ice
- Leading edge anti-ice
- Engine inlet anti-ice
What is the Flexible Duct Warning?
Sections of flexible duct have been known to fail catastrophically, causing extensive damage to the surrounding structure
What do the Wing isolation Valves do?
isolates bleed air from the wing section to the fuselage
What are the four anti-icing systems that use bleed air?
- Leading edge
- Engine inlet
What are the engine anti ice sub systems?
- Air inlet duct and oil cooler scoop
- Air inlet housing and Torquemeter
What are the 2 air-conditioning systems?
- Flight Deck
- Cargo Comp
Where is the cabin Thermostat?
LH side of FS 357
Selecting AUX VENT on the rotary master switch will:
- Shut down air-con to Flight deck and Cargo comp
- Open pressurization outflow valve
- Open Safety valve
Why do we pressurize the A/C?
To enable us to fly at high altitude
What functions does the Safety valve provide?
- Over pressure relief
- Negative Pressure Relief
- Emergency depressurisation
when using the winch what must you first check?
Ensure the RC is of
What is the rapid cooling system and where is its control?
Additional cooling for electrical equip and flight deck crew. Panel located at the aft end of the engs overhead control panel
What is the RCS Limit?
Cant be used above 18000 feet
What could a serious bleed air leak cause?
- Burning of electric wires
- Overheating of Equip
- Structural damage
What could indicate a serious bleed air leak?
- Abnormal hissing sound
- Reduced bleed air pressure
- Wing overheat without leading edge over temp warning
- Erratic op of electric equip
What must you do if wanting to use the Aux pump or winch on the ground?
Ensure the RCS is switched off
What are the descriptions of the Hamilton Standard props?
- 4 blade
What are the advantages of the Hamilton Standard Props?
- Short take-off distance
- Good propulsive efficiency at low speed
- Optimum range to payload
- Short landing distance
- Quick response (thrust)
What are the features of the prop?
- Prop break
- Pitch lock
- Synchro phasing
What booster packs are at the aft of the aircraft?
- rudder (cargo door hinge line RH side)
- Elevator (cargo door hinge line centre)
What Anti-ice does the bleed air provide?
- Leading edge
- Engine inlet
Where is the APU?
LH side in front of wheel well
What are the primary DC buses?
LH DC BUS
RH DC BUS
ISOLATED DC BUS
What to do if you have and Engine driven pump failure?
Check hydraulic reservoir level
Check out window at engine
When doing start up, if there is no rotation of the props after 5 seconds what must you say?
What is the Bulk face for APU Shutdown?
1. Pull APU fire handle 'Pulled'
2. Agent 'Discharged'
What FS does the cargo compartment start and end?
bulkhead 245 - FS 742
What must you have during APU startup?
a safety man
What are the radio hazard distances?
Normal - 3'
Weather - 15'
HF - 8.5'
SATCOM - 20' 3 mins in the hour
What powers the emergency exit lights?
4 D-Cell batteries
What 3 things must you check before entering the aircraft?
- Chocks installed
- Bonding lead connected
- Nose gear pin fitted
How do you pre-flight the oxygen masks?
- Connect mask
- Supply lever on
- Dilute lever 100%
- Emergency toggle lever - emergency
- Breathe normal for 3 cycles (blinker show black and white)
- hold breathe blinker should be black
- return emergency toggle lever to normal, blinker should be black, breathe 3 cycles
- supply lever off, emergency toggle Norm, dilute 100%, mask connected
What is the reference for Oxygen?
NZAP 6211.006-1 Chapter 4
How does the wing isolation valve work?
Closed by a spring electronically from the cockpit
Manually opened by handle in cargo compartment
What controls pressurization in the Aircraft?
Pressurization outflow valve
backed up by safety valve
What is RCS?
Rapid cooling system
system A - Flight deck
System B - Cargo Compartment
What are the benefits of feathering?
- Reduce drag (92.5)
- stops reverse spin
- Stops windmilling
What does the pitchlock do?
- Prevents blade angle reducing
- operates fixed pitch
- blade angle can still increase
What is the difference between windmilling and reverse rotation?
- Prop turn clockwise is windmilling
- Prop turning anti-clockwise is reverse rotation
What is the benefit of the APU?
Aircraft can be self-sufficient, supplies bleed air, can be run on ground or in fight (Main and ESS AC Bus on ground, ESS AC Bus only in air)
What are the 3 black parts on the prop?
Spinner, rear spinner, after body
What does the prop brake do?
- stops faster
- stops windmilling
- stops reverse rotation
3 pos - Released, applied, locked
What does Synchrophasing do?
prevents blades passing tip to toe which decreases vibration and noise
What speed does the prop spin at?
How are the engines started?
Where are SSRP's?
Above library, fwd bulkhead 245
What are indications you have a fire/APU fire warning?
- red light in appropriate handle will flash, for APU the APU handle will flash
- MASTER WARNING light will illuminate
- Horn sound
- fire light in CAWS illuminates
What indications are there for Nacelle overheat warning?
- red light in appropriate fire handle
- Master warning illumm.
- Nacelle light on CAWS illumm.
What indication do you get if there is a Turbine overheat?
- Turb light on CAWS
- Master warning light illumminates
What is the APU capable of providing?
- Engine startup
- Nacelle preheat
- AC main and ESS on ground
- AC ESS in flight up to 20,000 feet
Indications of prop malfunction?
- Low oil light or visible fluid leak
- Over speed or under speed
- RPM surge or fluctuation
- Failure of prop to feather
indications of an engine malfunction?
- Tailpipe fire
- Fire and overheat indication
- fluid leak
What 3 docs and pubs and pubs govern the operation of NZDF Aircraft?
- NZ civil aviation rules
- NZ Civil Aviation Regulations 1953
- Defence act 1990
2 docs important to ALM?
- Bio - security act 1993 (A/C disinsection)
- NZ Customs Memorandum of understanding
Hercules Aircrew cat and currency scheme
chap 5- loadmaster cat and currency
Part 3, section B Hercules orders
Air movement manual?
- Loading and handling
- Tie down schemes
- shippers declaration for dg
- checklist for MD461A
inventory of effects for movement/storage
RNZAF 2870 - Weight & balance
RNZAF 2873 - Load plan
RNZAF 1256, 1256A, 1256B
1256- pax manifest
1256A - Master airway bill
1256B - NOTAC
Requisition for freight movement
hercules aircraft Cargo loading
C1 - Intro
C2 - description
C3 - Configuration
C4 - General
C5 - Emergencies
C6 - Airdrop
Hercules aircraft flight manual (cover 1&2)
c130 quick reference handbook
hercules aircraft loadmaster specialist operations, briefings and checklist
safety and servicing notes and replenishment procedures
UN Transport of dangerous goods
Documents to check before flying?
- Flying order book
- Authorisation book
What are safety supplements?
information involving safety will be promptly forwarded. supplements covering loss of life will get to u within 48hours. serious damage to equip by mail within 10 days
What are operational supplements?
info of an operational nature not considered strictly safety
How many people can the life raft hold?
What does the life raft contain?
- becker beacon
- heliograph and code label
- survival blanket
- strobe light
Where are the life raft release handles?
- Adjacent fwd escape hatch
- aft of RH paratroop doors
- on top of wing beside the rafts
What is the normal oxygen pressure and what state should it be in for flight?
- Normal/100%oxygen /supply on
What is the life raft called?
Aero lite 33
What size is the LOX Converter
What are the emergency light positions?
dispatch harness location?
bunk & fwd bulkhead 245
What is the only oxygen bottle that can't be replenishment?
The LH Wheel well
What Manual has in - flight catering?
NZAP 39 Chap 3 & 7
What is the definition of VIP or in - flight meal?
A meal for aircrew and pax for consumption in flight. issued for duty time in excess of 4.5 hours
Definition of in - flight supplement?
food for crew and pax to delay fatigue and counteract dehydration
define energy rats?
high energy confectionery to maintain blood sugar levels inflight
What is duty time?
Aircrew - duty time includes 2h preflight and 1h post flight
Pax - duty time includes 1h preflight and 1h post flight
When does flight time start?
doors closed until doors open
What is a VIP?
Air vice Marshall equivalent and above
What are the supplement types?
- light refreshment VIP
- crew supps
- pax supps
When are we entitled to a meal?
duty time is 6.5hours or more or overseas, entitled to a meal every 4.5h
if short notice task for SAR, AME etc 6.5h waived
VIP is as directed by air staff or captain
What is your entitlement for supplement?
Every 2h flight time in which a meal is not served
What SAT's legs are pax entitled to supps?
WP-WN & OH-CH
How are Rations paid for overseas?
RNZAF 205 order form
What 3 main headings do food borne illness fall?
Chemical food poisoning
What are high risk foods?
- Raw food washed in unsafe water
- seafood and meat stored at warm temps prior to cook/freeze
- incompletely cooked food
- dairy produce
- certain salad and fruit
- ice and locally bottled water or bevvys
What general rule can be applied to checking food condition?
Look, smell and taste
What are aircrew selecting and preparing food to ensure?
- only safe water used
- food sourced from reputable premise
- food 4 degrees or less or hot food not under 60 degrees
-food un-refrigerated up to 2h
- unfrozen food not refrozen
- avoid high risk food
- damaged tins are not used
- meat and seafood to be cooked and eaten immediately
- Gloves warn
- Clean hands
- Aircrew with vomiting, diarrhea, skin sores, open wounds are not to serve food
similar or multi crewed flight, 4 hours before takeoff are to?
- avoid eating the same meals which are high risk
- eat at least 1 hour apart when eating similar meals
considerations for food stowage are?
Where are the parachutes?
aft of bulkhead 245 and aft of the RH para door
Manual of training for hercules
What do SHALL, WILL, MAY & SHOULD mean?
Shall & will - Mandatory
May - suggested
Should - Non-mandatory
What is a MD461T?
technical information preperatìon certificate
If suspected food borne illness, what form do you fill out and what info do you provide?
- Date/time of incident
- Location of incident
- number of pers involved
- signs and symptoms
- suspected source
- Availability of suspect food for analysis
What are the roller limits and info?
C,D,K - 2333 lbs
E-J - 2667 lbs
L&M - 833 lbs
10" between rollers
1"-19" only guaranteed to cover 1 roller station
What limitations govern the safe loading of transport?
- Permissible weight limits
- Centre of Gravity
- Structural limitations
What factors are involved in calculating the allowable payload?
- amount of fuel required
- weight of req'd role equip
- runway limits and single wheel loading
- Ambient temperature
- height of surrounding obstacles
- type of runway surface
- altitude of airfield
What are some structural limitations when loading?
- Floor Strength limit
- restraint limit
- limits during load/unload
Where is the Reference datum point?
30.4" fwd of nose
What is the cargo compartment usable volume?
What is max take-off, landing and limiting fuel?
Takeoff 155,000 EWP 175,000
Landing 130,000, limiting fuel 119,142
What height do PAX need to wear life vests?
What does the ESS AC BUS power?
Hydraulic Aux pump
What does the LH DC BUS power?
Ramp Hydraulic pump control
Emergency exit lights
PA AMP Control #2
What does the Pilots Avionics DC BUS supply?
EXCAP LM#2 & Bunk
What does the Co - pilots DC Bus supply?
ICS ICU #2
System Processor #2
What does the Isolated DC Bus supply?
ICS ICU #1
EXCAP LM #1
System Processor #1
PA AMP #1
Other than Master Volume what does the MVOL control do?
What 3 components make up the RCS?
What r the 4 primary components of the ICS?
- 8 EXCAP
- 1 ICS
- 2 ICU
- 1 Audio mixer amplifier
Where do overseas catering copies go?
1 for imprestee
1 for 40 sqn file
Where are the engine driven generators?
Aft of the reduction gear box
At completion of which checklist is the safety valve to be closed?
line up checklist
Where is the CB protection for Cargo compartment AC power outlets?
Pilots lower CB
Who is responsible for pax accommodation for international flights?
What form must be completed before carrying foreign patients?
Max permissible load for solid tyres?
500 lbs per inch width
What is the duration of LOX?
96 man hours
What are the 2 ERO Warnings?
- Except 1.4s special auth through HQJFNZ is required for ERO of explosives
- Don't on/offload through crew door, ramp and para doors at the same time
When can ADS arms be disconnected for ERO?
When aircraft has landed
What is max pax out crew entrance door during ERO?
Where is the ALM to be for ERO of pax out crew door?
20' with cord tension used as barrier on 45 degree angle away from props
Things to consider before ERO?
Number of pax
amount of cargo off/on
What will the ALM state when on/offload?
Ready to taxi POB XX
When can restraint be removed for ERO?
When aircraft on ground and stopped
What is the fire agent caution?
fire agent discharge button is to be held for 2 seconds
What 5 things does FMS do?
Flight progress monitoring
What 3 things do u think about when loading DAC?
What does LRU stand for?
Line replacement unit
What info does the ALM provide for MCDU?
payload and operating weight
What do the CAWS colours mean?
Red - Warnings
Amber - Caution
Green - Advisory
Blue - Salcal
What are the winch CBs and locations?
on bulkhead 245 in bunk area
What 3 items to check when preflighting fire extinguishers?
- Pressure in green
- Safety tab shut
- Expiry date
What items are to be checked on OX bottles preflight?
- Pressure at least 300psi
- Safety wired to Normal setting
- Mask and shoulder harness attached fitted and secured
6 items found in the cargo door?
- Y cables
- 1000lb net
- seat belts
- 5000lb strop
- ALM tool kit
- 2x 25,000 tie down
- 54" extension cable
- ANCRA brackets
What does the handpump do?
Emergency Nose landing
Colour of Hydraulic Panel switch?
Green - on
White - off
Amber - Failure
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