COSC-111 Test 1
Last Modified: 2013-04-01
The ____ is a worldwide collection of networks that links millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals.
A(n) ____ address is a number that uniquely identifies each computer or device connected to the Internet.
The ____, a widely used service on the Internet, consists of a worldwide collection of electronic documents.
Each document on the Web, called a Web ____, can contain text, graphics, audio, and video.
Many Web page addresses begin with ____, which stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol, a set of rules that defines how pages transfer on the Internet.
A Web page may contain a(n) ____, which is a built-in connection to another Web page or part of a Web page.
On the Web, a subject ____ classifies Web pages into an organized set of categories and related subcategories.
A(n) ____ is a Web site that offers a variety of Internet services from a single, convenient location.
A(n) ____ is a collaborative Web site that allows users to add to, modify, or delete the Web site content via their Web browser.
A content ____ is a business that gathers and organizes Web content and then distributes, or feeds, the content to subscribers for free or a fee.
The term ____ refers to any application that combines text with graphics, animation, audio, video, and/or virtual reality.
MP3 format ____ much of the original quality of the sound.
To listen to an audio file on your computer, you need special software called a ____.
____ is the process of transferring data in a continuous and even flow.
____ consists of full-motion images that are played back at various speeds.
A(n) ____ is a program that extends the capability of a browser.
Web publishing involves ____.
A customer visits an online business through its ____, which contains product descriptions, graphics, and a shopping cart.
You use a(n) ____ program to create, send, receive, forward, store, print, and delete e-mail messages.
____, which is the transmission of messages and files via a computer network, is a primary communications method for both personal and business use.
An e-mail ____ is a combination of a user name and domain name that identifies a user so he or she can receive Internet e-mail.
A(n) ____ is a real-time typed conversation that takes place on a computer.
____ enables users to speak to other users over the Internet (instead of the public switched telephone network).
A popular Web-based type of discussion group that does not require a newsreader is a(n) ____.
____ is the code of acceptable behavior users should follow while on the Internet; that is, it is the conduct expected of individuals while online.
In e-mail, newsgroups, and chat rooms, use ____, such as :) and :(, to express emotion.
A Web ____ is a collection of Web pages and associated items, such as documents and pictures, stored on a Web server.
A(n) ____ is application software that allows users to access and view Web pages.
Pointing to, or positioning the pointer on, a link on a Web page typically changes the shape of the pointer to a small hand with a pointing index finger.
A wiki is a business that gathers and organizes Web content and then distributes, or feeds, the content to subscribers for free or a fee.
Streaming allows users to access and use a file while it is transmitting.
In an Internet e-mail address, an & symbol separates the user name from the domain name.
Uploading is the process of transferring documents, graphics, and other objects from a server on the Internet to your computer.
An ISP (Internet service provider) is a regional or national access provider.
All current browsers and Web sites require the http:// and www portions of a Web address.
An entertainment Web site contains factual information.
Most Web pages include only formatted text and links.
To develop a Web page, you must be a computer programmer.
Computer ____ entails having knowledge and understandingof computers and their uses.
A(n) ____ is an electronic device, operating under thecontrol of instructions stored in its own memory, that can accept data,manipulate the data according to specified rules, produce results, and storethe results for future use.
A computer contains many electric, electronic, andmechanical components known as ____.
A computer keeps data, instructions, and information on____ media.
A(n) ____ is anyone who communicates with a computer orutilizes the information it generates.
When a computer connects to a network, such as the one inthe accompanying figure, it is ____.
The Web contains ____ of documents called Web pages.
A Web page can contain ____.
____ is a series of instructions that tells a computerwhat to do and how to do it.
A(n) ____ program is a type of system software thatallows a user to perform maintenance-type tasks usually related to managing acomputer, its devices, or its programs.
____ is the process of setting up software to work with acomputer, printer, and other hardware components.
A(n) ____ is someone who develops software or writes theinstructions that direct the computer to process data into information.
A ____ computer is a computer that can perform all of itsinput, processing, output, and storage activities by itself.
____ computers use a Macintosh operating system (Mac OSX).
Resembling a letter-sized slate, a(n) ____ is a specialtype of notebook computer that allows you to write or draw on the screen usinga digital pen.
A(n) ____ computer is designed so the system unit, inputdevices, output devices, and any other devices fit entirely on or under a deskor table.
____ are the fastest, most powerful computers -- and themost expensive.
A(n) ____ computer is a special-purpose computer thatfunctions as a component in a larger product.
An increasing number of employees and students are ____users, who work on a computer while away from a main office or school.
Examples of power users include all of the followingEXCEPT ____.
Each employee or customer who uses a computer in a largebusiness is a(n) ____ user.
Many large companies use the words, ____ computing, torefer to the huge network of computers that meets their diverse computingneeds.
____ is a work arrangement in which employees work awayfrom a company’s standard workplace and often communicate with the officethrough the computer.
With ____, users access account balances, pay bills, andcopy monthly transactions from a bank’s computer right into their owncomputers.
People access ____ Web sites to file taxes, apply forpermits and licenses, pay parking tickets, buy stamps, report crimes, apply forfinancial aid, and renew vehicle registrations and driver’s licenses.
Investors often use ____ investing to buy and sell stocksand bonds without using a broker.
Through ____, health-care professionals in separatelocations conduct live conferences on computers.
____ refers to the use of computers to assist withmanufacturing processes such as fabrication and assembly.
You interact with a program through its user interface.
With a handheld game console, the controls, screen, andspeakers are built into the device.
A server is a handheld Internet-enabled device.
Breakthroughs in surgery, medicine, and treatments seldomresult from scientists’ use of computers.
____ helps users create newsletters, brochures, advertisements,postcards, greeting cards, letterhead, business cards, banners, calendars,logos, and Web pages.
Few personal DTP programs include paint/image editing software or photoediting software.
A(n) ____ is a collection of data organized in a manner that allowsaccess, retrieval, and use of that data.
____ software is a type of software that can guide individuals,families, or small business through the process of filing federal taxes.
____ is a Web application productivity suite.
Most online Help also links to textbooks that are available inbookstores and software stores.
copying and pasting, inserting, deleting
____ software is a type of application software that allows users tocreate, access, and manage a database.
To click a button on the screen requires moving the pointer to thebutton and then pressing and releasing a button on the mouse.
A query ____.
Homeowners or potential homeowners can use ____ to assist them with thedesign, remodeling, or improvement of a house, deck, or environment.
A font ____, such as bold, italic, and underline shown in theaccompanying figure, adds emphasis to a font.
Pasting is the process of transferring an item from a specific location ina document to a clipboard.
____ software is a type of software that teaches a particular skill.
____ allows users to speak to other users over the Internet.
Similar to CBT, ____ typically consists of self-directed, self-pacedinstruction about a topic.
One popular type of image editing software, called ____, allows users toedit digital pictures by removing red-eye, erasing blemishes, restoring agedphotos, adding special effects, or creating electronic photo albums.
____ is a type of application software for communications that providesfor real-time exchange of messages, files, audio, and/or video with anotheronline user.
____ software is a type of application software that enables users toenter typed text, handwritten comments, drawings, or sketches anywhere on apage.
To ____ a document means to make changes to its existing content.
____ is the electronic equivalent of a user manual.
A software ____ is a collection of individual application programs soldas a single package.
____ software is application software that assists people in becomingmore effective and efficient while performing their daily business activities.
the entire document, individual words, sections of a document
Web page ____ software is a type of application software that helpsusers of all skill levels create Web pages that include graphical images,video, audio, animation, and other special effects.
When users ____ a document, they change its appearance.
In a database, each row, called a field, contains a specific category ofdata within a record.
Presentation software typically includes a clip gallery that ____.
With spreadsheet software, you can create a ____, such as that shown inthe accompanying figure, to show a trend during a period of time.
graphical accents, text, backgrounds
____, which includes encyclopedias and dictionaries, provides valuableand thorough information for all individuals.
____ software is a type of application software that allows users tocreate and manipulate documents containing mostly text and sometimes graphics.
A function like the one shown in the accompanying figure ____.
____ software like that shown in the accompanying figure is a type ofapplication software that allows users to organize data in rows and columns andperform calculations on the data.
____ is a type of education in which students learn by using andcompleting exercises with instructional software.
With spreadsheet software, you can create a ____, such as that shown inthe accompanying figure, to show the relationship of parts to a whole.
analyzing home loans, managing retirement savings, preparing income taxes
The ____interprets and carries out the basic instructions that operate a computer.
The paceof the system clock, called the ____ speed, is measured by the number of ticksper second.
A(n)____ equals approximately one billion bytes.
RAMchips usually reside on a(n) ____ module, which is a small circuit board.
Manufacturersclaim that MRAM (magnetoresistive RAM) has greater storage capacity, consumes____ access times than electronic RAM.
Most oftoday’s computers improve processing times with ____.
Generally,home users running the latest version of Windows and using basic applicationsoftware such as word processing should have at least ____ of RAM.
Memory____ on the motherboard hold memory modules.
Memory____ helps speed the processes of the computer because it stores frequentlyused instructions and data.
L2 cacheis slightly ____.
____ isa type of nonvolatile memory that can be erased electronically and rewritten.
Some RAMchips, flash memory chips, and other types of memory chips use ____ technology,which uses battery power to retain information even when a computer is off.
A(n)____, which is one billionth of a second, is used by some manufacturers tostate access times.
A(n)____ slot, such as that shown in the accompanying figure, is a socket on themotherboard that can hold an adapter card.
A(n)____ is a device, such as a printer or scanner, that connects to the systemunit and is controlled by the processor in the computer.
A ____connects other computers through telephone or cable television lines.
With itsport shown in the accompanying figure, a(n) ____ module is about one-half thesize of a PC Card.
ExpressCards,the port for which is shown in the accompanying figure, are one type of ____memory, which also includes PC Cards and memory cards.
Manycomputers have a(n) ____ slot, as shown in the accompanying figure, which is aspecial type of expansion slot.
Shown onthe back of the laptop in the accompanying figure, a(n) ____ is the point atwhich a peripheral attaches to a system unit so it can send data or receiveinformation from the computer.
Theaccompanying figure shows ____ connectors and ports.
Forwireless devices to transmit signals to a computer via infrared light waves,both the computer and the device must have a(n) ____.
AFireWire ____ is a device that plugs in a FireWire port, like the one shown onthe system unit in the accompanying figure, and contains multiple FireWireports in which you plug cables from FireWire devices.
A(n)____ bus allows the processor to communicate with peripherals.
A(n)____ bus is another term for the system bus.
A(n)____ is an opening inside the system unit in which you can install additionalequipment.
Thepower ____ is the component of the system unit that converts the wall outlet ACpower into the DC power a computer needs.
Preventivemaintenance of your computer requires a few basic products, including ____.
Thefirst step in cleaning a computer is ____.
In themachine cycle, fetching is the process of translating an instruction intosignals the computer can execute.
A(n)megabyte equals approximately one billion bytes.
Personalcomputers typically have one or two ports like those in the accompanying figureon the front and/or back of the system unit.
Thelower the bus clock speed, the faster the transmission of data, which resultsin applications running faster.
Cleaninga computer once or twice a year can extend its life.
One factor that affects the quality of a digital camera isits resolution.
Voice ____ is the process of entering input by speaking intoa microphone.
____ are audio output devices that rest inside the earcanal.
A(n) ____ generates images by pushing electrically heatedpins against heat-sensitive paper.
____ is data that has been processed into a useful form.
Signature verification systems use a specialized pen andtablet.
A signature verification system
A hand geometry system
An iris recognition system
Two output options for blind users are ____.
On a ____, sometimes called a game controller, users pressbuttons or move sticks in various directions to activate events.
A(n) ____ is a display device that is packaged as a separateperipheral.
Audio ____ is the process of entering any sound into thecomputer such as speech, music, and sound effects.
A fingerprint ____ captures curves and indentations in afingerprint.
A(n) ____ peripheral is a single device that looks like acopy machine but provides the functionality of a printer, scanner, copymachine, and perhaps a fax machine
A(n) ____ is an input device that contains keys users pressto enter data and instructions into a computer.
To boost low bass sounds, surround sound speaker systemsalso include a ____.
A dot-matrix printer is a kind of ____ printer.
Printer resolution is measured in ____.
A(n) ____ scanner works in a manner similar to a copymachine except it creates a file of the document in memory instead of a papercopy
RFID requires line-of-sight transmission.
A(n) ____ is the smallest element in an electronic image.
A(n) ____ conference is a meeting between two or moregeographically separated people who use a network or the Internet to transmitaudio and video data.
____ is the number of horizontal and vertical pixels in adisplay device.
A(n) ____ printer forms characters and graphics on a pieceof paper by striking a mechanism against an inked ribbon that physicallycontacts the paper.
contrast ratiodot pitch
A bar code ____ uses laser beams to read bar codes.
____ is the process of entering data by speaking into amicrophone.
A digital video camera records video as an analog signal.
The ____ requires any company with 15 or more employees tomake reasonable attempts to accommodate the needs of physically challengedworkers.
Voice input is part of a larger category of input called____ input.
____ is a wireless technology for printing.
A(n) ____ output device is a component of a computer thatproduces music, speech, or other sounds, such as beeps.
____ is a small sheetof film, usually about 4 x 6 inches, used to store microscopic images ofdocuments.
Which is a magneticstorage medium?
Which of thefollowing is not an advantage of SAS over parallel SCSI?
A(n) ____ disc can beread, written to, and erased.
____ is a DVD formatthat potentially will contain up to 20 layers, each with a capacity of 5 GB.
A(n) ____ is aduplicate of a file, program, or disk that can be used in case the original islost, damaged, or destroyed.
A(n) ____ device isthe computer hardware that records and/or retrieves items to and from storagemedia.
With a storagecapacity of 1 to 16 GB, a(n) ____ is used in digital cameras, smart phones, andhandheld game consoles.
A(n) ____ stores dataon a thin microprocessor embedded in the card.
Which has the longestlife expectancy?
A card ____ is adevice that reads and writes data, instructions, and information stored onflash memory cards.
A(n) ____ disk is astorage device that contains one or more inflexible, circular platters thatstore data, instructions, and information.
A tape ____ reads andwrites data and information on a tape.
A(n) ____ disc is atype of optical storage media that consists of a flat, round, portable discmade of metal, plastic, and lacquer.
A newer, quiteexpensive DVD format is ____, which has storage capacities of 100 GB, withexpectations of exceeding 200 GB in the future.
A large business,commonly referred to as a(n) ____, has hundreds or thousands of employees.
With a storagecapacity of 512 MB to 100 GB, a(n) ____ card is used in digital cameras, smartphones, PDAs, photo printers, portable media players, and notebook and desktopcomputers.
With a storagecapacity of 512 MB to 8 GB, a(n) ____ card is used in digital cameras, digitalvideo cameras, smart phones, PDAs, photo printers, and portable media players.
You can erase aCD-RW.
With a storagecapacity of 256 MB to 2 GB, a(n) ____ is used in digital cameras and photoprinters.
You cannot erase aDVD-ROM.
____ disks usemagnetic particles to store data, instructions, and information on a disk’ssurface.
A typical CD-ROMholds up to ____ of data.
Current USB flashdrives have storage capacities ranging from ____.
Some users choose____ storage instead of storing data locally on a hard disk or other media.
____ is a 100- to215-foot roll of film used to store microscopic images of documents.
Optical discs storeitems by using microscopic lands (indentations) and pits (flat areas).
The access time ofmemory is slow, compared with the access time of storage devices.
In an enterprise,some storage systems can provide more than ____ of storage capacity.
A(n) ____ hard driveis a self-contained unit that you insert in and remove from a slot or USB portin a device or a computer.
All of the followingare flash memory devices EXCEPT ____.
A Kodak ____ CDstores digital versions of a single roll of film using a jpg file format.
Which of thefollowing is not a secondary storage medium?
____ storage is thephysical material on which a computer keeps data, instructions, andinformation.
A group of two ormore integrated hard disks is called a(n) ____.
Experts estimate thathard disks using perpendicular recording will provide storage capacities about____ than disks using longitudinal recording.
Which is not atype of disk controller?
A(n) ____ is ahigh-capacity optical disc that users can read but not write on or erase.
____ storage is anInternet service that provides hard disk storage to computer users.
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