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The laws in __________ contain provisions that permit acts of honor-based violence.
Female law students express concern about:
Sexual harassment by male professors and hostility from male students
What percentage of state Supreme court justices are women?
What year was the first woman appointed to the federal bench, and to which type of court?
1928, Customs court
a study of female attorneys in North Dakota found:
Females are more likely to be addressed by first name in court
One of the conseuquences of stereotypical assumptions of female attorneys is:
Using less effective court room techniques while being held to a higher standard
In general people believe, without any evidence to support the assumption, that female lawyers are:
Less competent than male lawyers
In 1910 what percentage of the legal profession was represented by women?
The most common type of harassment experienced by wmoen working in prisons is:
A significant and unique source of stress for female correctional officers is:
Female correctional officers reported that they believe:
They are as effective as men, more likely to use communication rather than force
Female correctional officers male co-workers expressed concern about female officers
Vulnerability to physical assault
The issue in Gunther v. Iowa State Men's reformatory involved:
Supreme court ruled inmates right to the privacy does not take precedence over female officers rights to promotion
From the 1930s to the 1970s women in corrections worked mainly in:
Officers, administrators, and counselors
In what year and in what state was the first female matron hired?
1822 in Maryland
Until 1830, female criminals were placed:
In incarceration with men
Which one of the five areas that women in policing expressed concern about did the authors research?
In reviewing research of women in law enforcement, the authors found that:
Less research is being found now than before
Results of research on women in policing may serve as a disincentive to hiring more women because:
Women can now be perceived as true competitive threats
In 1910, Alice Stebbins Wells contributions
Found of International policewomen's association; convinced UCLA to offer the first course specifically to women officers; 16 other cities hired women
Even though women have been successful in obtaining jobs in policing, there are still many barriers to working this job, such
The National center for Women and Policing lists six advantages for Law Enforcement Agencies that hire and retain more women.
1. Women officers are proven to be as competent to their male counterparts
2. women officers use a style of policing that relies less on physical force
3. Help implement community -oriented policing
4. Will improve a law enforcement agencies re
According to Merlo and Pollock (2006), policing is considered a nontraditional occupation for women because less than ____ of
In 1972, ____ was expanded to include public agencies, prohibiting police departments from discrimination against women in hi
In 1968, two women from the Indianapolis Police Department were allowed to _______, creating a dramatic effect on women in la
Go on patrol duty
In 1905, Lola Baldwin was the first documented appointment of a woman with police powers. Her main duty was ____.
Protection of young girls and women
Women working as professionals in the criminal justice system often deal with similar issues, such as which of the following?
In 1845, ____ was the first city to hire women as full-time police matrons
If a woman chooses to join a police force, it is most likely for which of the following reasons?
Help people, salary/benefits, excitement, curiosity, husband in police
The average percentage of sworn women police officers in 2001 was around
Compared to male officers, research has shown that women officers
Less likely to use force, better at community policing
A barrier to women in policing is
College degree, less pay, limited advancement, physical fitness, gender role expectations
The first woman to be officially recognized as a policewoman was
The first women police officers were hired in the 1800s as
Full time police matrons inside jails
Which of the following is a unique need of women of color who are victimized?
Which of the following is not a challenge faced by rural victim services agencies?
Limited privacy, may impact decision to report, cultural factors and victim blaming, lack of available transportation, poverty limits available resources
The services provided by victim services agencies vary by
Which of the following is not a job duty of a rape crisis worker?
Which of the following has been found to serve as a protective factor against secondary trauma stress?
Which of the following is not a stage of burnout discussed by the authors?
1. Emotional exhaustion
3. Reduced personal accomplishments
Which of the following is considered a feminine characteristic of criminal justice work?
Communication, Care and respect
Which of the following do most scholars agree was the first sworn police officer in the U.S.?
Which of the following was hired in 1908 by the Portland Police Department to supervise a group of social workers?
Policewomen were an asset to previously all-male departments because they
Would use less force and implement community policing
IN what year were the first policewomen assigned to serve as patrol officers
At the 1922 annual conference of the International Association of the Chiefs of Police, members suggested that policewomen sh
College or nursing school
Which of the following was a barrier facing policewomen in the mid-20th century
In 1972 the Civil Rights Act was amended to extend employment protections to
State and Municipal government agencies
In 2008, women represented about ____ of all sworn officers in the U.S.
Which of the following describes how male police officers responded to having female police officers within their department?
Within metropolitan agencies, only ___ of the top-level positions are held by women
The effective _________ skills of female police officers help them to diffuse difficult situations and better connect with ci
A review of 203 police departments in the U.S. found that only ____% have any sort of clear policy on family leave.
Which of the following is a significant barrier to women in policing?
More qualifications, less pay/benefits, promotional opportunities were limited, forced to quit after marriage
Which of the following was not mentioned as a way policewomen can gain acceptance by their male counterparts?
1. Experiences in violent confrontations requiring the use of force.
2. Achieving a high rank within the department structure.
3. Distinguishing themselves as different from Male counter parts
The first women hired in corrections were
Which of the following cases held that inmates do not possess any rights to be protected against being viewed in stages of un
Griffin VS. Michigan
Which of the following cases held that pat-down searchers of male inmates does not violate the fourth amendment protection ag
Grummet vs. Rushen
Which of the following cases held that pat-down policies designed to control the introduction of contraband into a facility c
Jordan Vs. Gardner
Which of the following received a sentence of six months in jail and must register as a sex offender for ten years for engagi
Prison Guard Danette Skelton
The philosophies of females involved in the supervision of male inmates often align with which of the following?
Which of the following describes how having female correctional staff benefits the prison culture?
Which of the following is not a cause of stress for female correctional officers?
Today, women represent ____ of all parole agents
Which of the following was the first woman admitted to the state bar in the U.S. in 1869?
Which of the following was the first woman admitted to the American Bar Association in 1918?
Mary Florence Lahtrop
Which of the following was the first woman to practice law before the U.S. Supreme Court?
Which of the following was the first African American woman admitted to the bar for the District of Columbia?
Woman make up ___ of all students enrolled in law school.
According to the American Bar Association ____ of practicing attorneys in the U.S. are female.
Which of the following is a barrier faced by women in the legal field?
According to the American Bar Association ____ of practicing attorneys in the U.S. are people of color.
Chicana attorneys define there success by
Female attorneys are more likely to be assigned cases involving
Education and Other social issues
Gender equality in the legal field is impacted by which of the following?
Older partners retiring
The first woman was appointed to the U.S. supreme court
Sandra Day O'Connor
The second woman appointed to the U.S. supreme court was
Ruth Bader Ginsburg
President Clinton appointed more ______ to judicial positions at the federal appellate level than any other president
Female judges across the U.S. are disproportionately found in _______ courts today
Which of the following was not noted as a factor affecting appointment of women to the judiciary?
There are currently ____ women on the U.S. Supreme court
Which of the following is not a factor affecting the representation of women at the appellate court level?
Justice Sonia Sotomayor is known for her ruling out of New York regarding which of the following sports?
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