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All public servants have the following characteristics except:
Those exempt from legal and moral culpability include all of the following except:
Which of the following is not one of Braswell’s reasons to study ethics?
Which of the following is not an example of an imperfect duty?
a duty to take your life
Which of the following would not be considered a moral judgment?
Abortion results in the deaths of fetuses.
behavior must stem from free will in order to be judged under ethical standards
We usually discuss moral or immoral behavior only in cases in which the behavior significantly:
An applied ethics approach presumes that individuals generally prefer to do:
According to the text, broad social questions, often concerning the government’s social control mechanisms and the impact on those governed are called:
Which of the following statements is not an example of an ethical issue?
Which of the following is not an example of an ethical issue as described in the text?
Which of the following is an example of an ethical dilemma?
Larry’s house has caught fire, and he is trapped inside. The neighbors called 911. Two firefighters and one of the neighbors entered the house in an attempt to save Larry. Another neighbor tore away the screening around Larry’s porch so that his dog could run to safety.
John, a mentally handicapped adult, is charged with arson. Upon hearing the court-appointed psychologist’s report and reviewing the defendant’s documented history of mental illness, the judge dismissed the criminal charges.
By relating his ethical principles to this specific issue, the judge is providing an example of:
Officer Smith is patrolling a city park at night. He comes across a man and woman kissing in a parked car, and tells them that it is not legal to be in the park after dark and that they need to move along. Later, he comes across two men in a parked car. Instead of telling them to move on, Officer Smith writes a citation for the driver.
By allowing the first couple to leave without being cited, despite the fact that technically they were guilty of an infraction, the Officer Smith was exhibiting:
Which of the following is not a requirement of ethical systems?
The difference between deontological ethical systems and teleological ethical systems is that:
Immanuel Kant is most associated with which ethical system?
An ethical system which judges the consequences of an act is referred to as:
Which statement about hypothetical imperatives is true?
In _______________ utilitarianism, only the basic utility derived from an action is examined.
Which of the following is not one of “The 6 Pillars of Character” presented in the text?
Which ethical system is concerned with needs and relationships?
The peacemaking process is composed of three parts: connectedness, caring, and:
Giving to charity or volunteering are examples of:
Altruistic acts that benefit the individual by ensuring reciprocal assistance reflect:
Subcultural deviance theory is most consistent with which type of ethical system?
Larry has always professed non-violence, but in this instance he fights the robber to protect his child. Technically, by fighting, he is violating his moral belief that one should be non-violent. His decision to fight in this instance, which he believes to be justified, is an example of:
fight hard against the robber, regardless of the injury he might inflict
As stated in the scenario, Larry donates to charity but still provides a comfortable life for his family. He has found a balance between the competing virtues of giving to the less-fortunate while also ensuring that he provides for his family. This is an illustration of:
The environmental movement in the United States seeks to protect forests and other pristine lands. To most Americans, respecting natural lands and animals probably is consistent with their ethical system. In some other countries, laws protecting the lands do not exist. Farmers and ranchers routinely “slash and burn” in order to farm or raise livestock, and loggers harvest trees indiscriminately. There is no ethical dilemma, since their society accepts these practices as normal and necessary.In this instance, their society’s definitions differ from the American definitions. This is an example of:
Farmers, ranchers, and loggers in these countries engage in these practices because they deem it necessary to provide for their families. Because their focus is on providing for their families and communities, they are adhering to the ethical system known as:
According to the chapter, which of the following is NOT a valid component of civil disobedience?
Which theory of distributive justice places need above desert or entitlement?
Substantive justice and procedural justice are components of:
Rawls’s theory is solely Kantian because it demands a basic level of individual rights.
The type of justice that seeks to achieve the greatest good for all is called:
Procedural protections that are part of due process include all of the following except:
Which type of justice is most closely associated with discussions of criminal law?
Sam has been convicted of burglary, theft, possession of drug paraphernalia, and destruction of private property. This was the result of an incident where he broke into the Jones’ home, causing damage to the sliding door in the process. He stole approximately $500 worth of items, and was caught trying to sell a stolen DVD player at a pawn shop. He explained that he was a heroin addict and was stealing in order to be able to buy drugs.
1. Assume that Sam was given a sentence that included probation with the condition of drug treatment. The judge is of the opinion that if Sam can break his addiction then he will not need to return to crime. If the judge’s intention is to help Sam, we could say her decision is based on the ethics of care. If her purpose was to rehabilitate Sam so that the community would benefit by removing his need to commit crimes, this would be consistent with the idea of:
Assume that the judge sentenced Sam to a straight jail term. She believes simply that Sam has caused harm and should be punished for it. This sentence is consistent with the idea of:
Before coming to trial, Sam was assigned a public defender, was informed of the charges, and was given a chance to review the evidence against him. At the trial, the prosecutor called the crime scene investigator to the stand, and she provided scientific evidence to show that Sam had indeed been inside the victim’s home.
The public defender, presentation of charges, and the discovery process were all elements of _______________, which is guaranteed by the Constitution
These pre-trial activities are part of the process of:
The evidence that the crime scene investigator presented would have had to meet:
Mary owns her own consulting business. Among her employees are:
Sue -- the receptionist and a single mother of three;
Joe -- the web designer and marketing manager, single, has an MBA;
Larry -- a married salesman who makes few sales and cares for an elderly parent; and
Carla -- a single salesperson who makes the majority of the company’s sales.
Assume that Mary agrees with Marxist theories. Which of the following would you expect?
Larry and Sue would be paid more than their value indicates, due to their family needs
Mary would divide the company’s profits equally among all employees
Carla would be the highest-paid employee because of the business she brings in
Mary would expect the government to tell her how to pay the employees
Shermer believes that morality is a product of?
Moral beliefs arise from a habit of moral behavior that is the product of reinforcement.
Which of the following is not associated with learning theory?
Pinker refers to the incorrect belief that the body is separate from the mind as:
the “ghost in the machine”
Social learning theory was developed by:
Which of the following statements about social learning theory is true?
According to Bandura, self-regulation can be “turned off,” leading to inhumane acts, through cognitive restructuring via several different mechanisms. Which of the following is not one of these mechanisms?
Who of the following is not associated with developmental theories?
Which of the following statements about developmental theories is false?
During Kohlberg’s __________________ level, people perceive themselves as members of society, and living up to role responsibilities is paramount in believing oneself to be good.
Which of Kohlberg’s moral stages centers on universal ethical principles?
Kohlberg advanced the possibility of a seventh stage described as a:
Which of the following individuals added a “care perspective” to Kohlberg’s theory?
Developmental theories propose that individuals mature physically, cognitively, and emotionally
If an agent in Joe’s office reports Joe’s actions, that agent would be referred to as:
Which of Bandura’s methods of “cognitive restructuring” is illustrated by the other coaches who felt they had done their duty by merely passing the information up the chain?
All of the following elements of Trautman’s “corruption continuum” seem to be present in the description of the Penn State scandal found in the chapter, except:
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