Criminal Justice Mid-term Review
Last Modified: 2016-03-08
Locke's theory of states that people must submit to the government of the commonwealth.
Thomas Hobbes maintained that people are basically , existing in a state of consensus with their government for self-protection.
The principles of the Declaration of Independence can be said to be based on:
1.enforce the law
2. protect people from injustice
What may appear to be is actually a sophisticated form of decision making
Barriers to change may be physical, social, financial, legal, political, and/or technological in nature.
A technique for identifying sources of resistance to change, developed by Lewis Kurtlin, is based on an analogy to astronomy
a. Job instruction - communication relating to the performance of a certain task.
b. Job rationale - communication relating a certain task to organizational tasks.
c. Feedback - communication appraisal of how an individual performs the assigned task.
skills involve coordinating and integrating all the activities and interests of the organization toward a common objective.
a. mutual benefit associations c. commonwealth organizations
b. service organizations d. cooperatives
Bureaucracies are often criticized for
Criminal justice agencies fit the description of an organization because:
a. they are managed by being organized into a number of specialized units
b. these agencies consist of people who interact within the organization and with
external organizations, and they exist to serve the public
The question as to h<P>ow many subordinates a chief executive can effectively supervise (span of control) will depend on such factors as:
the capacity of the leader and those persons supervised, the type and complexity of work performed
there is not a lack of leadership, but rather a “wrong-headed notion of what a leader is.”
know who they are, are “good in their skin,” and do not need to impress others.
being their own boss, thus demonstrating very little self-discipline.
a. rising crime rates. c. major disasters.b. violence.
a. more casual and friendly, technologically up to date, neat and orderlyb. collegial, a place to learn, and having a high level of freedom
The ________ the agency, the greater the need for specialization and the more _______ the organizational chart will be
Which of the following is not a major concern in organizing a police department or any such agency?
Which of the following are/is not one of the means used by police administrators to ensure that the organization meets its overall goals of investigating and suppressing crime?
c. Mandatory weekly meetings between the city manager and citizens
The larger the police agency, the greater its need for
An organization is a(n):
artificial structure created to coordinate either people or groups and resources to achieve a mission or goal.
The type of police function that the public rarely sees, which includes jail management and crime laboratory services, is called:
_________ is the number of command levels in an organization, from the lowest ranking to the highest
________ is the social distance between the lowest and highest ranking employees in the organization.
Which of the following is not one of the modified performance practices under COPPS?
Most community policing reformers felt it was essential for law enforcement agencies to move from the traditional organizational structures in order to accommodate ______ philosophy and operations.
________ intensity refers to the proportion of organizational resources committed to administration.
a. calls for service data. c. officers' own experiences.
b. crime analysis information.
(ALL OF THE ABOVE)
Centralization is the extent to which the decision-making capacity within an organization is concentrated in a:
Which style of policing upholds the imposition of control and commanding authority with strict discipline?
With today’s emphasis on community oriented policing and problem solving, many COPPS advocates believe the ___________ model is incompatible with this philosophy.
Which one of the following was not one of Oakland PD’s responses in its award-winning efforts to address a serious motel problem?
a. Natural access control
b. Natural surveillance
c. Territorial reinforcement
d. All of the above
. a targeted means of reducing crime, by making settings less conducive to unwanted or illegal
Which of the following is a primary objective of crime prevention goals?
a. Increasing the effort/risk needed to commit the crime
b. Reducing the rewards/provocations of crime
a. accurate and timely intelligence, effective tactics
b. rapid deployment of personnel and resources
a. Providing descriptive statistics, so that everyone can understand the information.
b. Comparing data, to reveal the relationship between two or more crimes
c Mapping data, to detect where criminals travel
(ALL OF THE ABOVE)
In using CompStat to aid in professional development of a commander who shows leadership ability, there should first be:
a pre-CompStat meeting, in private and between the chief executive and the individual commander.
A bureaucracy is an organization with specialized functions and hierarchy of authority.
Organizations in which lower-ranking employees are given the autonomy to make decisions are less centralized than those in which senior administrators make most decisions.
People-oriented functions in a police agency - including hiring, training, and promoting personnel - are called the staff functions.
A survey by the Police Executive Research Forum found that____ percent of police chiefs in larger cities were highly educated.
Which one of the following can be problematical with getting qualified applicants for police departments?
c. A weak national economy and noncompetitive wages and benefits
a. Creation of too many in-house programs
Law enforcement officers can further their knowledge by:
a. knowing current laws and court decisions.
b. attending training sessions.
c. obtaining information from other officers.
d. All of the above.
a. The ability to be much more physically intimidating when necessary.b. A foundation for life-long learning
a. stimulates problem solving, critical thinking, and team participation.
b. attempts to make learning relevant to real world situations.
Middle management includes those persons holding the ranks of sergeants and captains.
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