Last Modified: 2012-12-10
-Call them "bipedal primates" to distinguish them from human
-Incorrectly claim no direct link between humans and neanderthals
-Typically accept evolutionist's dating
- "pieced" together
- not studied directly, use of casts
- fragile and irreplaceable
-A replica of Piltdown man
-Fossil hoax consisting of a human skull cap and an orangutan jaw
- less intelligent
- typical cave man
- VERY different from modern humans
- probably not true.
-Some have been found in Croatia, Iraq, and Israel
-Prominent brow ridge
- used fire and tools
- hunted & trapped prey
- used jewelry
- probably interbred with "modern humans"
- cared for each other
- buried their dead
-Therefore some scientists appeal to DNA evidence
-Subsequent analysis suggests they cannot be ruled out form the human gene pool (genome sequence suggests interbreeding with modern humans)
-They are humans just like us (only the looked different)
-1891, Eugene Dubois, Java Island
-Skull cap, femur, few teeth found
-1920's admitted finding Wadjak 1 & 2
-similar to modern man, same strata
-Java man could not be ancestral to modern humans
-Only 40% of Lucy's bones were found
-What about the Kanapoi elbow?
-Extremely complete specimen with many bones not previously recovered
-Allegedly 3.3 mya
-gorilla should blade
-organ of balance
-Dated 6-7 million years based on associated fossils
-Surprising features, ape sized brain, but short face and small canines "mixture of primitive and advanced features"
-Features they said were "human-like" really are characteristics of female gorillas
-"These finds cast doubt on conventional paleoanthropological wisdom. But experts disagree over how these creatures are related to humans -- if they are related at all
When we understand them, then God seems to be smaller or irrelevant to some
-No selective advantage for intermediate/precursor, all components must be present and functional
-Instead of a flagellum, cell has a "microsyringe" to inject toxins into other cells
-At least 10 proteins show strong similarity to proteins of the flagellum
-Evolution of flagellum resulted from modification of the Type III system
-An example of "devolution"
-Even with 14 billion years, some things just will not happen
-Did not solve the problem
-Changing the number of legs does not explain the origin of legs and wings
-Creationist Answer: each living things specially created, fully formed
- made to reproduce its own kind
-DNA is transcribed into mRNA
-mRNA is translated into amino acid sequence of proteins
-DNA polymerase and other enzymes add free nucleotides, complimentary to template
2. mRNA intermediate
3. Ribosome (protein factory)
4. tRNAs with amino acids
-Both L and D amino acids are formed
-Useless products also
-Trap protects amino acids
-Side reactions are favored
-random proteins are useless anyway
-proteins must have specific amino acid sequence for function PRTOIEN
-proteins are only made of left handed amino acids
-Conclusion: Proteins could not form spontaneously
-No mechanism for DNA replication without replications (proteins)
-DNA impossible to make without enzymes
-Not DNA; not proteins; what's left?
2. Reduced ability to repair itself
3. Lack of specificity to link amino acids
4. How to convert to DNA system
5. How to transfer function to proteins
-DNA shows that we are truly "fearfully and wonderfully made"
Words From Our Students
"StudyBlue is great for studying. I love the study guides, flashcards, and quizzes. So extremely helpful for all of my classes!"
Alice, Arizona State University
"I'm a student using StudyBlue, and I can 100% say that it helps me so much. Study materials for almost every subject in school are available in StudyBlue. It is so helpful for my education!"
Tim, University of Florida
"StudyBlue provides way more features than other studying apps, and thus allows me to learn very quickly! I actually feel much more comfortable taking my exams after I study with this app. It's amazing!"
Jennifer, Rutgers University
"I love flashcards but carrying around physical flashcards is cumbersome and simply outdated. StudyBlue is exactly what I was looking for!"