Death and Deviance Honor and shame for the dead Remembering the dead Most Christians continued to place importance on the body even after death Could seek to honor/shame individual after death Burial location or lack thereof Funeral Eulogies/sermons Portraying murderers Frequent topic of execution sermons/pamphlets Initially seen as wayward souls in society Shift in their portrayal over time Increasingly viewed as a barbaric ?other? Totally irredeemable Familicide Seen as especially awful Morbid fascination with very vivid accounts Infanticide Contrast role of loving mother with barbaric monster Dishonoring the dead Medieval English cemeteries buried condemned criminals facing east Backs to the final Judgment Some still had arms or placed face first Execution sermons Suicides Anatomical dissections Public displays Medical Dissection Treatment of slaves Virginia law banned public funerals for slaves Many other states limited the number of attendees or allowed only at night Harsh treatment of slave bodies in plantation system dismemberment Backlash Fears of body snatching Response to growth of medical schools Surgeons riots Anatomical laws Americans increasingly felt that these penalties were too harsh and antiquated Dr. William Shippen, Jr. Honoring the dead Early elites given often elaborate funerals Huge turnouts Immortalization of the Founding Fathers generation Glossed over unsavory aspects of their character Death and Living Masks Death and Living Masks Followed in line of veneration of saints Protestants took souvenirs as well Constant reminders of the ?virtuous? dead Done without desecration Used for scientific research Famous deaths Not always a final resting place Moved in response to specific events/movements of the period Betsy Ross Thomas Paine John Andre
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