Try to be as unbiased as possible. Focus is on content.
Most fiction films that fall in between the two extremes of formalism and realism.
Mise en scene (mees-en-sen)
"placement on stage" the arrangement of all the visual elements of a theatrical production within a given playing area.
The ratio of the frame's horizontal and vertical dimensions. This remains constant throughout the movie. Prior to the introduction of widescreen, most movies were shot in a 1.33:1 ratio.Standard: 1.85:1Widescreen: 2.35:1
Blocking out portions of the frame in order to convey a sense of height despite a horizontal shape.
The area of an image that immediately attracts our attention. It stands out in some kind of isolation in comparison to all the other images.
Things that the artists has added to act as counter-balancing devices.
Open and Closed Forms
Realist filmmakers tend to used open forms, whereas formalists tend to use closed forms. Open forms emphasized informal, unobtrusive compositions with a random form of organization. Closed form emphasizes a more stylized design.
Defined by the amount of subject matter thats included in the frame of the screen.
Extreme long shot
The deep-focus shot is a variation of the long shot.
Extreme long shots that serve as spatial frames of reference.
The most complex and is the most imprecise. Corresponds to the distance between the audience and the stage in the live theatre.
Barely includes the human body in full, with the head near the top of the frame and the feet at the bottom.
Contains a figure from the knees to the waist up. Used for carrying dialogue and movement. There are several variations, the two-shot which has two characters and the three-shot with three. the over-the-shoulder shot usually contains two characters.
Shows very little and concentrates on a small object.
The Extreme close-up
Instead of a face, it may show only a persons eyes or mouth.
A long Shot consisting of a number of focal distances. Sometimes a wide-angle lens is required in order to photograph. This type of shot captures objects at close, medium, and long ranges simultaneously.
Types of Angles
the high angle
the eye-level shot
the low angle
the oblique angle
Seldom dramatic and tend to be the norm.
The most disorienting angle of all, for it involves photographing a scene from overhead. The people photographed seem vulnerable and insignificant.
Reduce the height of the objects photographed and usually include the ground or floor as a backgrounds. Movement is slowed down. The importance of the setting is usually increased and the locale seems to swallow people.
Increase height. Motion is speeded up especially in scenes of violence and a sense of confusion. Often the sky is used as a ceiling. A person shot from this angle inspires fear and awe.
Sometimes used for point-of-view shots and meant to disorient a viewer.
Bright, even illumination with no conspicuous shadows. Tend to be used in comedies and musicals.
Tragedies and melodramas are usually shot wit h harsh shafts of light and dramatic streaks of blackness.
Mysteries and thrillers. Show diffused shadows and atmospheric pools of light.
Create an ethereal lighting and can create a halo effect.
A glaring flood of light from too much light entering through the aperture. Used in nightmare films.
Intensify given qualities and suppress others.
Rack Focusing (selective focusing)
Adjusting the focal distance of long lenses while shooting.
Wide-angle lenses (Short lenses)
Have short focal lengths and wide angles of view. Tend to warp edges of the image. The fish-eye lens is the most extreme example.
Cutting to Continuity
Tries to preserve the fluidity of an event without showing all of it.
Editorial transition that is confusing in terms of time and space.
Reverse Angle Shot
director takes care to fix the placement of the characters from shot to shot during dialogue.
The switching of shots of one scene with another at a different location.
Switching back and forth between scenes.
Leftists and Rightists
Leftists are global in their perspective, emphasizing human rights. Rightists tend to be strongly patriotic, often regarding people from other countries as vaguely inferior.
Don't usually tell stories in the conventional sense.
Tells his or her own story. An objective observer who can be relied on to relate events accurately.
Omniscient Point Of View
All-knowing observers who supply the reader with facts.
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