What % of the population ages 6-17 are children w/ disabilities served in special ed programs?
In what Supreme Court case did the court rule that all children w/ intellectual disabilities were entitled to a free, appropriate public education?
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
Under IDEA, what children are entitled to a free appropriate public education?
all children with disabilities-regardless of the type or severity
What is special education purposely deigned to do for students with disabilities?
to prevent, eliminate, and/or overcome the obstacles that might keep a child with disabilities from learning and from full active participation in school
In regards to disciple, what is the appropriate procedure for s a students misbehavior and how does that compare to procedures for non-disabled students?
If approved by the IEP team, the disabled student will get the same punishment as a non-disabled student, unless it was caused by the disability. If they inflict pain, or harm others, they will be sent to an alternative school for 45 days, regardless of the cause.
Almost half of the students who receive special education services qualify under which category?
specific learning disabilities
What is the term that refers to the loss or reduced function of a particular body part or organ?
Special education before the 1970's would best be described as what?
"children physically or mentally incapacitated for school work" or "children with bodily or mental conditions rendering attendance"
What characteristics describe an exceptional student?
Traumatic brain impairments
Giftedness and special talents
Under IDEA, what does the term FAPE mean?
Free Appropriate Public Education
What ruling resulted from the Hendrick Hudson Central School District v. Rowley (1982) case?
each child with disabilities the right to a personalized program of instruction and necessary supportive services
What are the requirements for the Least Restrictive Environment principle?
IDEA mandates that students w/ disabilities be educated w/ children w/o disabilities to the maximum extent appropriate and that they are only removed to separate classrooms only when the nature or severity is such that they cannot receive appropriate education in a gen ed classroom w/ aids
essentials are not met, pre-mature, bad environment, etc.
What are the advantages of labeling and classifying children w/ disabilities?
-First step to responding to the differences
-Can provide access to accommodations and services
-May lead to acceptance
What are the disadvantages of labeling and classifying children w/ disabilities?
-Focuses on what the student can't do
-Negative effect on self-esteem
6 Major principles of IDEA
-Nondiscriminatory Identification and Evaluation
-Least Restrictive Environment
-Due Process Safeguards-rights are protected
-Shared Decision Making-schools collaborate with parents
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
extends civil rights to people with disabilities, not the same as IDEA, for children who don't qualify for IDEA- ex: extreme asthma
No Child Left Behind
Accountability for students, emphasis on what works based on scientific research, implications for students w/ disabilities, makes schools step-up their game,
Special Education as Intervention (3)
-Preventative: designed to keep minor problems from becoming a disability
-Remedial: attempt to eliminate the effects of a disability
-Compensatory: enable success functioning in spite of the disability
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