genetically influenced declines in the functioning of organs and systems that are universal in all members of our species
located at the ends of chromosomes, serving as a "cap" to protect the ends from destruction- shortens. Eventually, so little remains that the cells no longer duplicate at all.
naturally occurring, highly reactive chemicals that form in the presence of oxygen
Cross-Linkage Theory of Aging
over time, protein fibers that make up the body's connective tissue form bonds, or links, with one another. When these normally separate fibers cross-link, tissue becomes less elastic, leading to many negative outcomes
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
the amount of energy the body uses at complete rest
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
refers to an array of physical and psychological symptoms that usually appear 6-10 days prior to menstruation. The most common are abdominal cramps, fluid-retention, diarrhea, tender breasts, backache, headache, fatigue, tension, irritability, and depression
refers to our reflections on how we arrived at facts, beliefs, and ideas
dividing information, values, and authority in right and wrong, good and bad, we and they.
viewing all knowledge as embedded in a framework of thought. Aware of diversity of opinions on many topics, they gave up the possibility of absolute truth in favor of multiple truths, each relative to its contexts
Commitment within relativistic thinking
instead of choosing between opposing views, they try to formulate a more satisfying perspective that synthesizes contradictions
a structural advance in which logic becomes a tool for solving real-world problems
awareness of positive and negative feelings and coordination of them in a complex, organized structure
In early and middle childhood, children gain insight into career options by fantasizing about them
Between ages 11 and 16, adolescents think about careers in more complex ways, at first in terms of their interests, and soon- as they become more aware of personal and educational requirements for different vocations- in terms of their abilities and values
In late teens, with the economic and practical realities of adulthood just around corner, young people start to narrow opinions. 1st step often further exploration- gathering more info about poss. that blend with their personal charac. Final phase, crystallization, they focus on a general vocational category and experiment for a time before settling on a single occupation
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