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6th Science Final Exam Review
6th Science Final Exam Review
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Which is the closest star to Earth?
The longest visible wavelength on the electromagnetic spectrum is
Could a question such as "Should lying be illegal?" be answered using scientific methods?
No; that is an ethical question
What is a large, swirling storm that forms over warm, tropical water called?
Which of these is a factor to which experimental results can be compared?
Large areas of land that are developed as more people move to cities and suburbs is called ?
What is an explanation or model that is supported by many experiments & observations?
Which is a rule that describes the behavior of something nature?
Which process in the rock cycle causes magma to form?
Earth is closest to the Sun during which season in the northern hemisphere?
Which type of rock forms because of high heat and pressure without melting?
When areas of land become desert-like that were previously fertile it is called ?
What are the parts of the Sun's atmosphere?
corona, photosphere, chromosphere
What are the parts of the Sun's interior?
core, radiation zone, convection zone
What are agents of mechanical weathering?
animal burrowing, ice wedging, tree roots
The cutting down of woodlands to harvest timber or clear the land for farms or ranches is called?
What are the characteristics of an inner planet?
small, dense, rocky
What are the characteristics of an outer planet?
gaseous, large, they all have rings
What are agents of chemical weathering?
carbonic acid from plants, acid rain
The Law of Gravitation states that every object in the universe _____________ every other object.
In the scientific method, what is an educated guess or a possible answer to a scientific question?
What forms when rocks are weathered and eroded:
What is the first step when using the scientific method:
identify a problem
Which object's gravity holds the planets in their orbits?
A model of the solar system that has the Sun at it's center is called the ________ model?
What should you do if your data are different from what you expected?
Conclude that your expectations might have been wrong.
What is the name of the ancient supercontinent?
The strength of gravity between two solar objects depends on which two factors?
mass and distance
What hypothesis states that continents slowly moved to their present positions on Earth?
What evidence in rocks supports the theory of seafloor spreading?
What theory states that plates move around on the asthenosphere?
Which atmosphereic layer contains weather?
Rank these object in order from smallest to largest: galaxy, star, universe, galaxy clusters
stars, galaxies, galaxy clusters, universe
Who developed the continental drift hypothesis?
What happens to air pressure as you climb a mountain?
air pressure decreases
What type of boundaries push toward each other?
A model of the solar system where Earth is at the center is called the _______ model?
Earth's structure is made up of several layers. Please indicate the order of these layers from the innermost to outermost.
core, mantle, asthenosphere, crust
Weight is the measure of the force of _____________ that is acting on an object.
What is any evidence of ancient life called?
What conditions makes fossil formation more likely?
made of hard parts, covered quickly
To say "the present is the key to the past" is a way to describe what principle?
What principle states that the oldest rock layer is found at the bottom in an undisturbed stack of rock layers?
Which type of scientist studies fossils?
What are the remains of species that existed on Earth for relatively short periods of time, were abundant, and were widespread geologically called?
Which type of fossil preservation is a thin carbon shilhouette of the original organism?
What are considered features of the sun?
sun spots, prominences, solar flares
A record of events in Earth history that is divided into units is called?
geologic time scale
A light year is how far light travels in a
When energy is transferred through circular movement of a liquid or gas it is called
Tides are affected by the positions of which celestial bodies?
Moon, and the Sun
Which areas have the most smog?
The HR diagram displays information about
The process by which gases trap heat in Earth's atmosphere to maintain a comfortable living temperature is called the ?
Wind is caused by differences in what?
heating, cooling and air pressure
The ozone layer helps protect us from?
The thin layer of air that surrounds Earth is called the
What are characteristics used by scientists to classify stars?
brightness, color (temperature), size, composition
The absolute brightness of a star is the brightness the star would have if it were viewed
at a standard distance from Earth
The apparent brightness of a star is the brightness as seen
from the Earth
How is energy transferred when objects are in contact?
How is energy transferred when it is in the form of waves?
What type of boundaries are moving away from each other?
the continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back again is called the ?
What process changes water vapor to a liquid?
The process by which sediment settles out of the water or wind carrying it is called?
Mass is the measure of how much _____________ is in an object.
What is a large body of air that has the same properties as the area over which it formed called?
The process by which running water, wind, or ice carry away bits of broken-up rocks is called?
The process by which Earth's surface is constantly being broken down by freezing, thawing, acids, and other forces is called?
Which of the following is a greenhouse gas in Earth's atmosphere?
Because distances are so large in space scientists use this measurement to measure distances between planets
astronomical unit or A.U.
Weather represents the conditions that
are happening currently
What is a series of processes that occur on Earth's surface and in the crust and mantle that slowly change rocks from one kind to another is called the ?
What is the most likely reason that the air temperature is warmest at the tropical latitudes?
They receive the most solar radiation because the Sun's angle is high
What is it called when the phases of the Moon appear to get larger?
The electromagtic spectrum represents wavelengths of different colored
In which galaxy does the Sun exist?
Milky Way Galaxy
By what process does the Sun produce energy?
What is a substance that contaminates the environment?
What do we call an object that can be processed so that it can be used again?
The shortest visible wavelength on the electromagnetic spectrum is
What is a group of stars, gas, and dust held together by gravity?
What gas have scientists determine is the major cause of the ozone hole?
When you explain or interpret the things you observe, you are __________?
Making a statement or a claim about what will happen in the future based on past experiences or evidence is a(n)?
____________ is the measurement of how much mass is contained in a given volume?
Whch type of radiation has a shorter wavelength than visible light does?
The spinning of the Earth around its axis is called?
When the moon's appearance is getting smaller it is said to be?
How long does it take for the Moon to revolve once around the earth?
Where do Earth's plates slide past each other?
What causes the Sun to appear to rise and set?
What is the darkest part of the shadow during an eclipse?
Which planet has abundant surface water and is know to have life?
What pollutant causes algae to grow?
The factor in an experiment that you purposely change is a _______________ variable.
This is the variable that changes as a result of the experiment. It is called a _________________ variable.
dependent or responding
Climate is defined as the conditions that
are data averages over a long period
In which region is chemical weathering most rapid?
warm, moist climates
Anything that occurs naturally in the environment and is used by people is called a ?
The major cause of the ozone hole is a group of gases called?
CFC's or chlorofluorocarbons
What is a common element found in all organic compounds (living things) and most inorganic compounds, rocks etc. is?
The continual exchange of carbon between living organisms and Earth's atmosphere and water is called the ?
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