The process by which a community selects rulers and empowers them to make decisions, take action to obtain common goals, and reconcile conflicts within the community.
The capacity to influence or control the behavior of persons or institutions whether by persuasion or coercion.
Command of the obedience of society's members by a government.
The exercise of political power in a community in a way that is voluntarily accepted by the members of that community.
The legal and moral right of a government to rule over a specific population and control a specific territory; implies a widely recognized claim of governmental authority and voluntary acceptance on the part of the population directly affected.
An existing or desired arrangement of institutions based on certain principles such as liberty, equality, prosperity, and security. Associated with the rule of law and with conservative values such as stability, obedience, and respect.
Any association of individuals who share a common identity based on geography, ethical values, religious beliefs, or ethnic origins.
The persons and institutions that make and enforce rules and laws for the larger community.
A form of government in which sovereignty resides in the people of that country, rather than with the rulers. Vast majority are today democratic or representative, where power is exercised by elected officials.
An independent political-administrative unit that successfully claims the allegiance of a given population, exercises a monopoly on the legitimate use of coercive force, and controls the territory inhabited by its citizens or subjects.
The major political-administrative subdivision of a federal system. Depends on central authority for resource allocations, defense, and regulation of economic relations with other federal subdivisions and external entities.
A government's capacity to assert supreme power successfully in a political state.
A sovereign state, roughly equivalent to "nation" or "nation-state".
A specific people with a distinct language, or a major ethnic group.
A geographically defined community administered by a government.
Sovereign state that contains two or more major ethno-linguistic groups in the territories it controls.
People who are scattered over the territory of several states or dispersed widely and have no autonomous, independent, or sovereign governing body of their own.
Fairness, the distribution of rewards and burdens in society in accordance with what is deserved.
The way scientists and scholars set about exploring, explaining, proving, or disproving propositions in different academic disciplines.
A philosophy of science originated by Auguste Comte that stresses observable, scientific facts as the sole basis for proof and truth; a skeptical view of ideas or beliefs based on religion or metaphysics.
An approach to the study of politics that emphasizes fact based evaluations of action.
An approach to the study of politics based on examining fundamental and enduring questions.
The role of reason over emotion in human behavior.
The philosophy that power is the key variable in all political relationships and should be used pragmatically and prudently to advance the national interest.
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