Describe the social cognitive theory in the parts of the theory and how they interact.
Behavior, environmental factors, personal factors
All factors co-exist and work together by influencing each other.
What are the 5 determinants of self-efficacy?
Past performance Vicarious experience Verbal persuasion Physiological state Emotional state
T/F: If someone has been successful at something in the past, they will feel like they will be successful on the same thing in the future.
What are the 2 types of vicarious experience?
Participation modeling Imagery experiences
Is a person more or less likely to believe they are able to perform if they see someone like themselves being successful at it?
T/F: Even if you envision yourself being successful at physical activity, you probably won't be able to do it because you haven't seen someone else do it.
After watching people play tennis at the SRC, you decide you are able to play tennis too. Which type of vicarious experience is this?
Before diving off the diving board, the diver pictures herself performing the dive perfectly in her mind a couple times. Which type of vicarious experience is this?
The feedback or information from yourself or other people, like friends, physician, or trainer about your performance or involvement in PA is which determinant of self-efficacy?
A golfer uses breathing exercises before the game in order to calm himself as opposed to football players who get loud and head butt each other before they play. Both types of preparation affect the player's ___________ state.
When previous successes or failures are stored in memory with a certain emotion, which priming of the emotional state is it?
Which priming of emotional state is it when you store past success or failure with a particular cognition, attribute, or attitude?
Which type of priming is displayed if a person plays frisbee with friends and they are not good, but all their friends are good so they store a memory as feeling down and depressed and start PA and have feelings of depression?
Which priming is displayed if the reason you decide you are not good at frisbee is if you genetically do not have the ability to play frisbee?
What are the 3 dimensions of measuring self-efficacy?
Level Strength Generality
Which measure of self-efficacy is a person's belief in their ability to accomplish something- they have it or they don't.
Which measure of self-efficacy is the degree of conviction that the task can be carried out?
Which measurement of self-efficacy is how much your efficacy for one task carry over to similar tasks?
What are the 4 categories of self-efficacy (specifically in relation to PA)?
Barriers efficacy Scheduling efficacy Health behavior efficacy Perceived behavioral control
The belief in your ability to overcome obstacles in your way is an example of which efficacy?
The belief in your ability to schedule PA in a routine is which efficacy?
The belief in the ability to engage in PA to reduce or overcome a certain disease is which efficacy?
Health behavior efficacy
The belief about your personal control over your decisions to become physically active is which efficacy?
Perceived behavioral control
T/F: Higher self-efficacy is positively related to depression and anxiety.
False: the more efficacious they feel, the lower the depressed and anxious they feel
T/F: Efficacy beliefs are positively related to intentions to exercise.
T/F: Higher self-efficacy is positively related to more positive affect, optimism and self-esteem
What are 4 ways of enhancing self-efficacy?
Set up success with gradual progression Use modeling to encourage vicarious learning Provide verbal persuasion in the form of information about PA Ensure understanding of physiological responses to PA
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