Indigenous people or groups in Japan, historically speaking the Ainu language, and lived in parts of Hokkaido. Hunter-gatherers who followed a religion based off of the phenomena of nature.
The teenage leader of the Shimabara Rebellion. Known as heaven's messenger. Francis Xavier claimed that he would be able to lead the Christianization of Japan. Defended the Hara Castle, died when it fell.
Sun goddess and one of the principle shinto deities. Meaning of the name is, "Great august kami who shines in the heaven."
Celestial Buddha described in the Mahayana school of Buddhism. Pure Land Sect. The Buddha of infinite light.
(1336-1573) Prominent Japanese samurai clan, established the Muromachi shogunate. Styled themselves as the head of the Minamoto.
Founded in Osaka in 1684, a kind of puppet theater. Combination of chanting and shamisen playing. Sometimes used taiko drums. Documented traditional activity for hundreds of years.
Japanese social minority group. Descendants of outcast communities during the feudal era. Executioners, undertakers, workers in slaughterhouses, and butchers of tanners. Traditionally lived in ghettos. Lots of IMPURITY
Samurai, referenced in the BUSHIDO. More common word used for SAMURAI
"The way of the warrior" Code of conduct of the Japanese samurai. Emphasized virtues of loyalty, honor, obedience, duty, filial piety, and self-sacrifice.
"Buddha Alter" Found in the homes of Japanese Buddhist cultures. Wooden cabinet with doors that enclose and protect a religious icon, usually a painting or statue of the Buddha.
A Japanese dramatist of JORURI, or BUNRAKU. and also an actor of the live action dramas, KABUKI. Reguarded as the greatest Japanese dramatist.
Powerful territorial lords in premodern Japan. Owned large private lands. Were subordinates to the shogun.
Households which financially support a Buddhist temple while provides for their spiritual needs. Used during the EDO period, but especially by the TOKUGAWA, who made it mandatory for all citizens (used as a citizen registration network.)
(1603-1868) Area of Japan, now present-day Tokyo. Reguarded as the EDO period, or TOKUGAWA period, ruled by the Tokugawa family. Major cultural contributions, established system of daimyos and rule of a shogun.
Men were one geishas, but became more common for women. Masters of the arts. Skills included classical music, painting, and dance.
"Tale of Genji" about the peak of the Heian period of Japan. Called the world's first novel. The book concentrates on Genji's romantic life, and describes the customs of aristocratic society of the time.
(1688-1704) Arts began to flourish. Edo becomes highly populated. Hostage-keeping, control over the daimyo lords. Everything started to solidify. A bit of freedom between all the limit. people were venturing out and urban areas became more active. Puppet plays, paintings, art, KABUKI in particular.
Meaning "duty." Associated with the way of the warrior, clarified during the modern period. Authentic or sincere feelings with the 47 samurai who have been wronged.
Japanese poetry, containing 17 syllables. Often contain KIGO, or seasonal reference.
Old name for Kyoto.
Major clan of samurai. Bestowed by the emperors of the Heian period to certain ex-members of the imperial family. The Taira clan is often referred to as HEISHI, or HEIKI.
Unified various tribes. Ruled through her interaction with spirits.
A Japanese syllabary, consisting of 48 characers (96 kana characters in all.)
Sun goddess MATARASU is housed at this shrine.
Brother and sister. Izanami dies and Izanagi tries to see her after she has died. Sees that she is being eaten up with worms. Symbolizes death with impurity. He puts a bolder to block the living from the dead.
(from about 14,000 BCE - 300 BCE) Known for its pottery.
(1185-1192) highly stylized classical Japanese dance-drama. Known for elaborate make-up. Lots of singing and dancing. Sometimes regarded as bizarre theatre. Yoshitsune's story of trying to escape from his brother was a very popular play.
(1185-1333) Shogunate during the Kamakura Period, effectively having total control of the nation, making significant decisions through the HOJO Family Court.
The Japanese word for the spirits, natural forces, or essence of the Shinto faith.
Classical Chinese writings, and/or literature. Japanese writing style has adapted from written chinese, and even such texts as Kojiki and Nihon Shoki were written in kanji and kanbun.
Chinese characters used in modern Japanese writing system, along with Hiragana and Katakana. The term "kanji" means, "han characters," meaning, Chinese characters.
Kano (school and person)
Famous school for Japanese painting. Founded by Kano Masanobu, who mastered the art of Chinese painting. His work was considered mediocre, but the artists who followed him improved on his own style and within a generation, the school flourished.
Southern central region of Japan's main island, HONSHU. Has the nation's holiest shinto shrine. During AD 710-784, Japan saw a vast spread of Buddhism in this area.
Area of HONSHU, including the greater Tokyo area.
Derived from the more complex kanji, but used to write out foreign words in Japanese. Like, hiragana, it consists of 48 characters.
Burial mounds for the powerful. Megalithic tombs, or rumuli, in Japan, constructed during the early 7th century. Most kofun are key-shaped mounds unique to ancient Japan.
(711-712?) The oldest extant chronicle of Japan. Composed by Ono Yasumaro, the Kojiki contains a collection of myths concerning the origin of the four home islands of Japan, and the Kami.
The branch of Shinto recognized as the official state religion of Japan.
Japanese reading and pronunciation for a kanji, as opposed to onyomi where it is the Chinese reading for a given kanji.
A form of traditional Japanese theater, developed alongside noh. Performed as an intermission, but not as symbolic as a noh production. The primary goal is to make the audience laugh.
The third and final age of Buddhism, where people will be able to achieve enlightenment.
Intellectual society during the MEIJI period, intending to promote civilization and enlightenment. Introduced western ethics.
Surnames of a clan of the imperial family during the Heian period of Japan.
Minamoto no Yoritomo
(1147-1199) founder of the first shogun of the KAMAJURA shogunate of Japan. Ruled from 1192 until 1199. Wife was a member of the FUJIWARA clan
Minamoto no Yoshitsune
(1159-1189) Skilled warrior, and defeated BENKEI in a duel. Benkei then became Yoshitsune's right hand man.
Means elegance or refinement. Expressed during the Heian era in Japan to polish manners and eliminate anything absurd or vulgar.
Japanese novelist and poet, best known for her writing of the TALE OF GENJI.
Period of time from 1336-1573. Renowned interest in Shintoism.
Trading time between Japan and the southern barbarians of Europe.
More complicated an involved text than the Kojiki.
Theater from the medieval times. Dealt with levels of reality, powers of the universe, and very stylized. Supported by the shogunate, and leading to BUSHI warriors.
Japanese buddhist custom to honor the departed. Family reunion, festival, and a small offering.
(1534-1582) the initiator of the unification of Japan under the rule of the shogun. Opened Japan to the western world.
Potter and painter, one of the greatest ceramicists of the Tokugawa era.
Painter and lacquerer. Developed a distinct style of his own.
(1862-1913) contributed to arts and culture of Japan. Known for his book, "The Book of Tea."
Women's hand. HIRAGANA
Chinese pronunciation of a Kanji
Novelist who wrote realistically about life in EDO japan.
Also known as BUSHI
February 3, "out with the demons, in with good fortune." Exorsistic. Getting rid of bad influences in a house. Popular even today.
Stringed instrument, geisha's are famous for it, but many other people play it too. Develops during the EDO period.
site of a castle, which is not far from Nagasaki. People having a rebellion would dominate as a way of a tax revolt. Also led to Christian revolts. Held up in the castle of SHIMABARA, around 38,000 people were slaughtered.
IS an organized religion, but this is the modern term for it. Only about 18th century onwards would the religion worshiping kami be regarded as SHINTO.
Military rank and historical title for a military dictator. Administration is known as a shogunate.
Prince who lived 574 to 622 in the common era. His aunt SUIKO was the ruler at the time, and he ruled on her behalf. He is associated with outlining basic laws, sometimes called a constitution but it was really just a set of teachings for people to behave.
Major Japanese clan of Samurai. During the Heian Period.
Taira no Kiyomori
(1118-1181) a general of the late Heian period of Japan. Established a samurai-dominated government.
Japanese school of Mahayana Buddhism.
Particular emperor or sovereign, and his brother is killed in the war. So Tenmu takes over and updates the laws, borrowed from the TANG Dynasty in China. Engages in surveys- established an apex of kami worship. Projected himself as being the high priest of the realm.
Powerful daimyo family of Japan.
(1543-1616) Founder of the first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate.
(1536-1598) a daimyo in the Sengoku oeriod, who unified the political factions of Japan. Regarded as Japan's second great unifier.
"pictures of the floating world" woodblock prints which featured landscapes, tales from history, theater, and pleasure quarters.
Japanese poetry, coined during Heian Japan, using units and phrases. Generally free verse. Women were very skilled at this type of poetry, more so than men.
The Yamato plain referring to the yamato kings. In the Yamato court, Court ruled in the early 6th century onwards. The sen clan, and the royal family, ISE is their main shrine.
(300 BC-300 AD) Following the JOMON period, introduced more complex society.
From the tale of GENJI. The young woman who ends up passing on. She is upset because the boy carries on with an older woman, and her living spirit haunts the older woman.
School of mahayana buddhism, focused on meditation for enlightenment.
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