tendency of schools to promote the values expected of individuals in each social class and to prepare students for the types of jobs typically held by members of their class.
literal interpretation of the bible regarding the creation of humanity and the universe, used to argue that evolution should not be presented as established scientific fact
a large organized religion that is not officially linked to the state or government
a religious organization that claims to include most or all members of a society and is recognized as the national or official religion
formal process of learning where some people consciously teach while others adopt the social role of learner
a religious group that is the outgrowth of a sect (that is it outgrew itself from being regarded as a "sect"), yet remains isolated from society.
rigid adherence to fundamental religious doctrines, often accompanied by a literal application of scripture or historical beliefs to todays world
standards of behavior that are deemed proper by society and are taught subtly in schools (like a student not speaking until the teacher calls on them)
use of a church, primarily roman catholic, in a political effort to eliminate poverty, discrimination, and other forms of injustice from a secular society
new religious movement (NRM) or (CULT )
a small secretive religious group that represents either a new religion or major innovation of an existing faith
the ordinary and commonplace elements of life, as distinguished from the sacred. (ex a dining room table is profane, but becomes sacred to some Christians if it becomes the element of a communion)
Max Webbers term dor the disciplined work ethic, this worldly concerns, and rational orientation to life emphasized by John Calvin and his followers
a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things
a statement to which members of a particular religion adhere to
the feeling or perception of being in direct contact with the ultimate reality, such as a divine being, or of being overcome with religious emotion
practice required or expected of members of a faith
elements beyond everyday life that inspire awe, respect, and even fear.
a small religious group that has broken away from some other religous organization to renew what it considers the original version of faith
the process of through which religious influence on other social institutions diminishes. when secularization happens, all other aspects of life follow separate norms that are independent of religious authority
impact that a teachers expectations about a students performance may have on the students actual achievement
the practice of placing students in specific curriculum groups on the basis of their test scores and other criteria
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