a family, group, or state governed by a matriarch; a system of social organization in which descent & inheritance are traced through the female line. (No power or control included in this definition. OR CHILDREN.)
social organization marked by the supremacy of the father in the clan or family, the legal dependance of wives and children, and the reckoning of descent and inheritance in the male line; broadly: control by men of a disproportionately large share of power. A society or institution organized according to the principles or practices of patriarchy.
chromosomes, sex organs (inside & outside), hormones (ratio), other physical features
social factors including social roles, behaviors, and identity
: Person’s sense of masculine or feminine or other. May be affected by a variety of social structures. Ethnic group, employment, geography, religion...based on psychological sense of self. Masculine - 2 spirit, 3rd gender, transgender (gender ID not sex ID), genderqueer, genderfluid - Feminine.
when a pair of terms are theoretical opposites, but these are often false. Why are there binaries constructed around sex/gender? What happens if you deviate? What teaches and enforces stereotypes?
Describe things we do that communicate our sex/gender ID to other people. May include hair, clothes, mannerisms, ways of speaking, how we interact, etc. Masc -- Androgynous -- Fem.
belief in inherent superiority of heterosexuals & its right to dominance. Carries assumption that everyone is “actually” straight.
Umbrella term that embraces the matrix of orientations and behaviors of not exclusively heterosexual & monogamous majority. Reclaimed. Nonconformative nonnormative. Generational divide with use of the term.
personal pronouns are specific to different genders. He= masculine. She= feminine. It- neutral . Gender neutral pronouns: Ze= subjective case. Hir: objective case
personal belief that one sex is inferior
how institutions discriminate against on basis of sex. Can be covert or overt. Can relate to how they allocate resources, set policies, their written and non written standards, who they hire, etc.
actions and expressions between people that create, promote, or sustain sexual inequalities
social standards and norms that dictate that one sex is better than the other
idea that being heterosexual is the norm and most correct and fitting.
Personal belief that gays are inferior, considered learned behavior.
Ways institutions systematically discriminate based on sexual orientation. Set policies, resoruce allocation, etc., maintain written & unwritten standards in discriminatory ways.
Not what you believe but how you behave. Harrassment, discrimination, rejection, etc
Social standards/norms that favor heterosexuals, state that everyone is or ought to be. Unwritten but in ads and media. Assumption all children will be heterosexual.
social standards and norms that dictate heterosexual is better, moral, and everyone should be or is. Can be overt or discrete, like never seeing gay people on TV.
preconceived notions about a person based on their race. judging someone based on their race.
a personal belief that one race is better than others
racism expressed between people
social standards and norms that say one race is better than the other.
chromosomal, hormonal or anatomical attributes don't fit typical definition of males and female.
identifies psychologically as a different sex. May or may not change features.
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