According to recent research, personality throughout adulthood is a product of four major sources. Of the four sources, that which exerts the most influence is:
Abraham Maslow described how many stages of development?
The “social clock” tells us the:
appropriate or "best" age for a first marriage in our society
Cross-culturally, social clock norms:
vary in scope and rigidity
Mel is a retired stockbroker who enjoys mentoring children at the local YMCA in the use of computers. He is demonstrating the psychosocial stage of:
generativity versus stagnation
A person who seems to thrive on changes in his or her work, lifestyle, and relationships would most likely be rated high on the personality dimension called:
Most developmental theorists today believe that:
stages of adult development are not entirely orderly and predictable
Jeremy was reared in several foster homes and never knew his parents. When he started working with Kent, he became close to Kent's family to the point when they fondly referred to him as “our new-found son.” Jeremy is the family's:
According to Erikson, after the stage of intimacy versus isolation comes:
generativity versus stagnation
With age, extroversion tends to:
Research indicates that remarried people:
have a higher chance of divorce than do people in first marriages
After nearly 20 years with his company, Mike's job was outsourced. He wants his new job to offer not only a good wage but also job satisfaction and a sense of accomplishment. He is focused on the:
intrinsic rewards of work
The percentage of adolescents who are close to their siblings is approximately:
Who is likely to have the most stable personality?
a 35 year old woman
A break-up would be most stressful for which of the following individuals?
Carlene, who is in a long-term marriage
The average income has _____ in the United States in the past 50 years.
After the children are grown, most married couples:
have adequate time for their relationship
Isaac has been experiencing job-related stress due to the threat of corporate downsizing and the introduction of new advanced technology that he doesn't yet understand. Rather than seeking employment elsewhere, he reminds himself about the valuable contributions he has made to the company for many years and tries to remain optimistic. He is coping with his allostatic load with:
an emotion-focused approach
Which most accurately depicts middle age?
changes do not necessarily cluster around age 40
The theorist who forwarded the notion that individuals continue to develop well into adulthood was:
Cheryl is entering the workforce due to a recent divorce. As a single parent with three children, she needs at least a livable wage, good benefits, and a retirement plan. She is focused on the:
extrinsic rewards of work
The percentage of adults who report they are close to their siblings is:
Because they are called on to help both older and younger generations of the family, middle-aged adults have been called the:
Maria can reasonably predict that the most supportive members of her social convoy will be her:
A person who has many of the personality traits associated with extroversion would most likely be described as:
active and outgoing
Between the ages of 25 and 42 the average worker in the United States has ______ separate employers.
Susan's grandmother, at age 80, is in the final stage of adulthood, namely:
integrity vs dispair
Identify the stage of adulthood from Erikson's theory of psychosocial development.
generativity vs stagnation
Research has suggested that those adults who provide support to their adult children and to their elderly parents tend to do this because of:
Which of the following personality traits tends to increase with age?
The combined total amount of stress and disease with which an individual must cope is known as:
Because much is changing in the employment landscape, how work affects adult development is:
In a typical family, the “kinkeeper” is most likely to be:
a middle-aged mother
Who is most likely to feel burdened with elder care?
After the first ten years most married couples find:
tension decreases as children become more independent
By the age of 40, what percentage of U.S. residents have married?
A particular lifestyle and social context that evokes and reinforces personality traits is called an:
Matilda is usually a kind, helpful, and easygoing person. She is high on which of the Big Five traits?
Jerry has recently lost his job and his health insurance benefits, he was diagnosed with diabetes, and he and his wife of seventeen years are divorcing. He is at risk for major disease or even premature death due to:
a large allostatic load
The notion of the sandwich generation:
is not very accurate
Divorce is most likely to occur within the first ______ years of a wedding.
Greta is 48 years old and pregnant with her first child. She was determined to have a baby before her biological clock rendered it impossible. She is facing criticism from family and friends who think she is too old to give birth. Their standards are based upon:
the social clock
The percentage of marriages that are remarriages for at least one partner is:
Relationship challenges of marriage are quite the same for:
Statistics maintained by the U.S. Census Bureau on the number of homosexual couples is likely a(n):
Familism may be defined as the:
belief that family members take care of each other
Our society recognizes a point called midlife which occurs at about age:
Sam is moody, anxious, and self-punishing. Sam is high in:
Family members living in separate households in the United States:
has not eliminated family closeness, contact, and cooperation
Working at home while keeping in touch with the office via computer, phone or fax is:
Manuel and Rosa have been married for nearly 30 years. Their youngest child left home six months ago. The quality of their marriage should:
improve since they have more time to spend together
Celina and Jorge have recently moved Celina's elderly parents into their home. Even though they face sacrifices for doing so, they believe they did the right thing because of:
The group of people who move through life with an individual, providing protection and encouragement is the individual's:
As adults age, their friendships tend to:
Individuals who are accepted in a family that is not their legal or biological family are:
The Big Five personality traits:
become quite stable at age 30
According to Erikson, when individuals are productive in an unselfish and caring way, they are demonstrating:
Current objective research data on coupling experiences of same-sex partners is:
Families with stepchildren, foster children, or adoptive children experience greater challenges in developing secure attachments. This is because:
some children remain strongly attached to their birth parents
The belief that family members should be close and supportive of one another even if it means sacrificing individual freedom and success is referred to as:
In some cultures, as they grow older, men find it easier to express emotions and women tend to:
According to the most current U.S. Census, about how many households in the United States are headed by a homosexual couple:
1 in 150
All of Paulo and Geneva's children have moved away, started families and begun working on their careers. According to the text, Paulo and Geneva's home is now a(n):
Which of the following is the third developmental level in Maslow's hierarchy of needs?
love and belonging
In the past two decades, every nation has seen ______ marriages and ______ divorces.
A factor that contributes to good relationships between today's middle-aged adults and their parents is:
the health and economic freedom that allow older adults to be independent
Throughout adulthood, the major source of an individual's developmental continuity is his or her:
Aunt Emily is the family's kinkeeper. This means that she assumes responsibility for:
gathering the family for holidays, sending birthday reminders, and disseminating family communications
Davetta is very organized and tends to conform easily. She is high on which of the Big Five traits?
In the United States today, the social clock:
allows for greater diversity than in the past
The most common ways to satisfy generativity are through work with children and employment that allows personal growth. Another way in which it may be satisfied is through:
Marriage is influenced by many factors including:
the social and political context
The loosening of gender restrictions during middle age is most likely to lead to a gender:
According to Erikson, failure to achieve generativity results in:
stagnation and personal impoverishment
Which of the following is one of the Big Five?
Given that genes exert a major influence on personality:
it is still possible for adult personality to shift if the context shifts
Researchers have found that the social clock is:
greatly influenced by socioeconomic status
When Rob graduated from college, he found a good job, a nice apartment, and made new friends. Now three years later, his company went bankrupt and he moved back into his parents' home. We can expect their relationship to:
Evelyn, a mother of two, has been divorced for six years and would like to remarry. Most likely, she will marry a man who:
has children from a previous marriage
Currently, what percentage of U.S. residents marry before the age of 25?
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