Find study materials for any course. Check these out:
Browse by school
Make your own
To login with Google, please enable popups
To login with Google, please enable popups
Don’t have an account?
To signup with Google, please enable popups
To signup with Google, please enable popups
Sign up withor
Which of the following is true about most adolescents today?
The period of biological change that takes place during early adolescence is called:
The growth spurt that characterizes pubertal change occurs ________ for girls than for boys and begins at around age ________ for girls.
________ is the dominant hormone in males, whereas ________ is the dominant hormone in females.
Who among the following will be most dissatisfied with body image?
During adolescence, boys have an increase in ________, whereas girls have an increase in ________.
A recent study revealed that multiple body piercings are a marker for:
Jerome is going through puberty quite early. Research indicates that Jerome is likely to:
Recent research has found that early-maturing girls are more likely than late-maturing girls to be:
The _______ thickens in adolescence and allows for the adolescents' improved ability to process information.
Recent research by Collins and colleagues shows that watching more sexually explicit TV shows was linked with an increased likelihood of:
According to research by Savin-Williams and Diamond in 2004, most gay or lesbian individuals recognize that they are gay or lesbian in:
Juanita engaged in sexual intercourse at the age of 13. Research indicates that Juanita is likely to:
Which of the following statements about oral sex during adolescence is TRUE?For many adolescents,
It is the case that sexually transmitted infections can be contracted through:
In a single act of unprotected sex with an infected partner, a teenage girl has a _______ risk of acquiring genital herpes.
Cross-cultural comparisons suggest that ________ has the highest adolescent pregnancy rates in the industrialized world.
Research has shown that infants born to adolescent mothers are more likely to have:
Compared with adolescents in other countries, teens in the United States:
Overall, adolescents sleep:
In the United States, an adolescent is most likely to die from:
Identify the correct three risk factors for becoming a regular smoker of cigarettes in adolescence:
Anorexic people use food as a means of:
Jordyn has a passion for food that leads her to gorge on cream, brownies, chips, etc. However, after she gorges, she "compensates" by running as many as 10 miles and sometimes even makes herself vomit. This scenario would probably lead a physician to classify Jordyn as having:
The imaginary audience involves ________, whereas the personal fable involves ________.
During adolescence, self-esteem tends to:
Why is self-esteem significantly worse for females than for males during adolescence?
Which of the following statements about identity development is NOT true?
According to Erik Erikson, the adolescent identity crisis is:
According to Erik Erikson, adolescents who become withdrawn and isolated from their peers and family are suffering from:
Unlike with Erik Erikson's traditional view of identity formation, contemporary theorists believe that identity is formed by:
Researchers believe that adolescents who develop the most positive sense of identity are ones who:
Steve and Jen believe that they should make certain that their adolescent knows the right choices to make, and they use harsh punishment when their directives are not followed. This pattern is likely to promote _______ in their adolescent.
Cooper and Grotevant (1989) believe that proper identity development occurs when parents encourage _______ in adolescents.
Self-assertion and separateness are two dimensions of________.
_________ is the enduring aspect of the self that includes a sense of membership in an ethnic group, along with the attitudes and feelings related to that membership.
Irena, age 16, has recently immigrated to the United States from the Ukraine. She enjoys many of the same things as her American friends but respects her culture
The identity of first-generation immigrants is secure and usually stable. Any feelings of being American that they develop are usually based on:
Which of the following statements about religion and adolescents has research shown to be TRUE?
Religious youth are more likely than nonreligious youth to:
Conflicts arise between parents and adolescents because adolescents:
Which of the following would wise parents do as their adolescent children push for control?
Research shows that the adolescents who deal best with peer relationships are the ones who have ________ attachment to their parents.
Regi gets into a lot of arguments with his parents. Research on parent-adolescent conflict suggests that the type of thing that Regi and his parents probably argue about the MOST is:
Harry Stack Sullivan believes most adolescent friendships are built on a need for________.
Adolescents who have no close friendships tend to:
Dating and romantic relationships at an unusually early age have been linked to:
The amount of daily discretionary time that American adolescents have is ________ what adolescents have in Asia, Europe, and other industrialized areas of the world.
In most cultures, the rite of passage is designed to:
Emerging adulthood, a term coined by Jeffrey Arnett, refers to the age range from:
Each of the following is a feature of emerging adulthood EXCEPT:
In the United States, the most widely recognized marker of entry into adulthood is:
In 2003, the results of a longitudinal study of young adults in the United States documented that:
In developing countries, the most widely recognized marker of entry into adulthood is:
Lea, a college freshman, is experiencing a lot of anxiety and worry about not doing as well in her classes as she had expected. She reports that she is often depressed and is considering dropping out. Which of the following is TRUE of Lea?
The average age of peak performance for most physical skills:
College students' failure to develop health-promoting habits is due to their:
Which of the following is the biggest health risk that most young adults face?
What percentage of adults ages 20--39 in America is obese?
If you do not try to lose or gain weight, your body tends to maintain a fairly stable weight. What is that weight called?
Which group has the highest rate of obesity?
Which of the following is a controversy concerning the value of dieting?
Which of the following statements about dieting is TRUE?
What is the optimum level of exercise for American adults?
In a survey of drinking patterns on college campuses, which was NOT a problem reported by binge drinkers?
Binge drinking alcohol peaks at about:
Although cigarette smoking is on the decline, _______ is on the increase.
Kelli is thinking about marrying Ron. Kelli asked Ron about his attitude on extramarital sex, and Ron said he thought that it was wrong. Kelli looked up the 1994 sexual survey conducted by Robert Michael and his colleagues and found that _________ of married men have been unfaithful.
In 1994, Robert Michael and his colleagues conducted a comprehensive survey of American sexual patterns. Results from this "Sex in America" survey suggested that Americans' sexual lives are _________ than previously believed.
Manny has contracted a virus that is destroying his bodyâs immune system. Manny most likely has________.
In the survey done by Cochran and Mays (1990), what percentage of the 422 people surveyed said that they had lied about their sexual behavior to have sex with their current partner?
Lauren was recently a victim of rape and is receiving counseling. Knowing the effects of rape, her counselor can predict that there is a 1 in _________ chance that Lauren will suffer some type of sexual dysfunction or reduced sexual desire if she does not receive effective counseling.
What percentage of college men admit to forcing a woman into a sexual act?
If researchers measure an individual's self-concept at ages 10, 20, 30, and 40 years, where are they likely to find the most self-concept stability?
Which of the following statements related to temperament and adult personality has research found to be TRUE?
Secure attachment to parents during childhood correlates with:
Gabriella is an anxious person. Her husband, Tyler, is an avoidant person. Based on research by Mario Mikulinecer and Phillip Shaver (2007), what issues might this couple face?
Consensual _________ occurs when our own attitudes are supported by someone else's attitudes that are similar to our own.
"Amelia's all excited about this new guy she met," says Julie. "I guess it makes sense because he's really a geek." Based on the concept of consensual validation, we can expect that Julie:
When adult heterosexual men and women state the characteristics that they desire in a partner....
The matching hypothesis says that we choose partners:
According to Erik Erikson, achieving intimacy means to be able to:
What is Erik Erikson's psychosocial crisis for the person in early adulthood?
According to Erik Erikson, what must individuals achieve before they can develop intimacy?
Female friendships are more _________ than male friendships, whereas male friendships are more _________ than female friendships.
Sui-Lin has turned to her close friend, Chuck, for support about a conflict she recently had with her boss. Chuck is most likely to respond by:
According to Ellen Berscheid, the most important ingredient of romantic love is:
Why is it possible for a couple to remain happy together after their romantic love fades?
Which of the following is NOT a component of Sternberg's triangular theory of love?
When all three parts of Sternberg's triarchic theory of love are present in a relationship, what type of love are people experiencing?
James and Rachel believe that they are in love, even though each of them is married to another person. They feel an intense physical need for each other and have pledged that they will always be together. According to Sternberg, this couple is:
Barbara has been in love with Bob for 11 years. Although he does not date other people, he says he is "very fond" of her but does not think he is in love with her. Bob is emotionally distant but she refuses to listen to friends advice to move on with her life and end this relationship. Barbara is at risk for:
Which of the following statements regarding single adults is TRUE?
In the 1970s, approximately __________ of American couples reported that they cohabitated before getting married; in the year 2,000, approximately __________ reported that they had cohabitated before getting married.
In which country is cohabitation virtually universal before marriage?
Rob and Alise have just moved in together, so that they can spend more time with each other and get to know each other better. Research indicates that:
Since the early 1900s, the goal of maintaining a stable marriage has:
When couples divorce in the United States, they do so during which years of marriage?
Which of the following BEST explains why middle adulthood comes later and lasts longer now than in the early 1900s?
What was the average life expectancy in 1900?
Middle-aged adults tend to focus more on assessment of __________ than young adults do.
Many experts on middle adulthood describe the age period of 55 to 65 as:
The average adult in middle adulthood __________ height and __________ weight.
A major health concern for middle-aged adults is:
Forty-five-year-old Angie loves going to the symphony, but she has been complaining that lately the quality of the symphony is not as good as it was a few years ago. Angie may be experiencing the middle-age decline in her:
The metabolic syndrome is characterized by hypertension, obesity, and:
Cholesterol can be lowered in all of the following ways EXCEPT:
What is the MOST common change in sleep patterns of adults during middle age?
Researchers have compared the health of Japanese American men living in San Francisco with counterparts living in Japan. Which of the following BEST describes the researchers' findings?
Crystallized intelligence is:
In general, why are 40-year-olds better problem solvers than 20-year-olds?
One benefit of taking an annual vacation is:
Drawing on beliefs, values, and goals to change the meaning of a stressful situation is known as:
The number of years that will probably be lived by the average person born in a particular year is the:
What is the average life expectancy for individuals born today in the United States?
What accounts for gender differences in longevity?
After the age of 80, the majority of elderly adults are:
According to the cellular clock theory of aging, cells can divide a maximum of:
The tiny bodies within cells that supply essential energy for function, growth, and repair are known as:
All of the following have been identified has ways in which the aging brain adapts EXCEPT:
The most influential factor in delaying brain deterioration during old age is:
Because of decline in the functioning of the immune systems, vaccination against _________ is especially important in older adults.
Matty is an older adult who takes regular supplements of vitamins C and beta-carotene. Is Matty's vitamin regimen necessary?
Early boys: perceived themselves more positively and have more successful peer relations.
Late boys: less positive than early boys but had a stronger sense of identity than the early boys.
Early girls: greater satisfaction with their figures while younger, more likely to smoke, drink, be depressed, having an eating disorder, have earlier sexual experiencesLate girls: greater satisfaction with their figures by tenth grade
The imaginary audience is adolescents’ belief that others are as interested in them as they themselves are, as well as attention-getting behavior--attempts to be noticed, visible, and ‘on stage.’The personal fable is the part of the adolescent egocentrism involving a sense of uniqueness and invincibility.
Crystallized intelligence is an individual’s accumulated information and verbal skills, which continues to increase during middle adulthood.Fluid intelligence is one’s ability to reason abstractly, and this begins to decline during middle adulthood.
Adolescence - Identity vs. Identity Confusion - either a withdraw from friends and family, or an immersion in the crowd and loss of identity
Young adulthood - Intimacy vs. Isolation - inability to connect with others, depression, isolation, and even a mistrust of others
Middle adulthood - Generativity vs. Stagnation - the result of failure is a sense of worthlessness due to not providing for the next generation
not wanting to have the commitment of a long term relationship in the form of a marriage, wanting to test out living with someone, the ability to have a more equal relationship, ease of leaving (divorces are inconvenient).lower rates of marital satisfaction and higher rates of divorce in couples who lived together first, greater risk for poor marital outcomes, lower levels of remartial happiness.
Sign up for free and study better.
Get started today!