A unique study of 698 children in Kauai
· Examined birth histories and collected data on multiple aspects of theirs lives over a period of more than 30 years
· Illustrates ways in which biological and environmental factors combine to influence development
Quality of home environment played larger role in development than biological risk factor
· Prenatal and birth problems were consistently related to impaired psychological functioning only if the children also experienced poor home environment
· Majority of children who faced both birth complication and adverse family circumstanced developed problems by age 10
o BUT about 1/3 developed into successful young adults
These resilient children had often befriended by an adult outside the family
1) Choosing a question
2) Formulating a hypothesis (i.e. an educated guess)
3) Testing the hypothesis
4) Drawing a conclusion
à Importance of Appropriate Measurement: Relevance to hypothesis, reliability (consistent), validity (addressing the hypothesis)
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