Last Modified: 2013-02-18
A) prenatal development begins with a new miniature individual already preformed.
B) new structures and functions emerge throughout prenatal development.
C) prenatal development begins in the center of the body of the new individual.
D) Eve was created out of Adam’s rib.
A) microgenetic design
B) cross-sectional design
C) landscape design
D) longitudinal design
A) exerting effort on tasks
B) controlling emotions
C) focusing attention
D) inhibiting impulses
A) children were taught to help cope with anger.
B) parents can use to teach children to crawl.
C) children can use when they are feeling shy.
D) teachers were taught to help deal with children who have developmental delays.
A) the electrical impulses in the brain.
B) chemicals involved in communication between brain cells.
C) gene defects that produce schizophrenia.
D) what early philosophers theorized reflected children's core nature at birth.
A) sociocultural context
C) children's choice of environments
D) treatment by parents and others
after adoption? (p7)
A) children who were adopted before age 6 months
B) children who were adopted between the ages of 6 and 24 months
C) children who were adopted between the ages of 24 and 42 months
D) All of the adopted children fared equally poorly in weight gain.
researcher's best option for obtaining this information would be: (27)
A) clinical interview.
B) structured interview.
C) naturalistic observation.
D) structured observation.
A) nature versus nurture.
B) nature and nurture.
C) nature then nurture.
D) nature and/or nurture.
A) diagnosing the severity of cataracts in infants.
B) training children with specific language impairment.
C) training infants to see more clearly.
D) diagnosing attention deficit disorder.
A) The mother's egg always determines the sex of the offspring.
B) The father's sperm always determines the sex of the offspring.
C) Sometimes it is the mother's egg and sometimes it is the father's sperm that determines the sex of the
D) The mother's egg and the father's sperm jointly determine the sex of the offspring.
A) the development of female genitalia by an XY zygote.
B) a process by which two members of a chromosomal pair swap sections of DNA.
C) the random shuffling of the members of the 23 chromosomal pairs in the formation of egg and sperm.
D) a change in a section of DNA caused by environmental factors.
A) more likely to affect males.
B) more likely to affect females.
C) equally likely to affect males and females.
D) a result of fragile X syndrome.
A) Identical twins are not identical in IQ.
B) Identical twins are more similar in intelligence than fraternal twins.
C) Fraternal twins are more similar in intelligence when they are reared together than when they are reared apart.
D) Fraternal twins become less similar in intelligence as they get older.
B) positive emotions in toddlers.
D) All of the answers are correct.
A) hold the myelin that increases the efficiency of the neurons.
B) permit the brain to be constantly bathed in protective fluid.
C) facilitate the communication of its different lobes.
D) allow more cortex to be packed into a small area.
A) synaptic pruning
D) formation of axon spines
A) what changes occur.
B) when change occurs.
C) how change occurs.
D) for whom change occurs.
A) error that young children make.
B) example of something that adults explicitly teach children.
C) cultural tool.
D) step toward internalizing parents' statements.
A) inability to explain infants' apparent innate knowledge of some domains
B) lack of emphasis on how others help children learn
C) lack of attention to strategic variability
D) impression that children's thinking and their actions are independent
2: motivated to learn- pretend play
3: actively seek out own environment
2: differences in how parents and others treat them
3: differences in children's choices of environment
4: similar experiences affect children differently
2: developmental research also influences social policy
1: groups must be comparable at beginning
2: the groups must get exact same treatment except along dimension of interest.
- experimental vs. control group
2: third variable problem
positive: both increase
negative: one increases, one decreases
2: folds at top of groove fuse and create the neural tube, which develops into brain and spinal cord
- can recognize familiar smells and sounds (songs, stories)
2: in the right place
3: for the right length of time
- not easy to tease apart factors affecting the development of a behavior or ability
- birth order
2: if "expected" experience does not occur, deficits may result and rewiring may occur.
- congenital blindness, when one sense is down, another is enhanced because of unused cells.
- expert skill- cellists and violinists
2: raise crucial questions
3: no single theory accounts for all of development
2: learns on own
3: doesn't need rewards to learn
2: using a known behavior/action on a known object
- reflexes are essential tools for learning (sucking, grasping)
- assimilation and accommodation begin with refelxes
- sever limitation: immature knowledge, own actions can help them acquire knowledge
- more interested in world around them and actions less body-centered.
2: less object permanence- out of sight, out of mind
A not B error.
- actively and systematically explore objects. dropping objects from varied heights
centration: centering their attention on one aspect of an avent or problem
Words From Our Students
"StudyBlue is great for studying. I love the study guides, flashcards, and quizzes. So extremely helpful for all of my classes!"
Alice, Arizona State University
"I'm a student using StudyBlue, and I can 100% say that it helps me so much. Study materials for almost every subject in school are available in StudyBlue. It is so helpful for my education!"
Tim, University of Florida
"StudyBlue provides way more features than other studying apps, and thus allows me to learn very quickly! I actually feel much more comfortable taking my exams after I study with this app. It's amazing!"
Jennifer, Rutgers University
"I love flashcards but carrying around physical flashcards is cumbersome and simply outdated. StudyBlue is exactly what I was looking for!"