SOCIOLOGY Chapter 6 p. 152-171 Deviance and Social Control Overview of Deviance Social Explanations Anomie or Strain Theory How people match their Goals to their Means (table) Differential Association People learn to be deviant by coming from differential groups. Labeling Theory Commit act of deviance Some Labeled deviant because of act and others are not do so identified Individual accepts label and begins to act accordingly Who tends to be labeled deviant? Conflict Theory Class Society Legal system reflects interests of the elite Differential treatment of classes Overview of Social Control What is social Control? Mechanisms to facilitate social conformity to the rules or norms of a group Two general types of Social control: Ideological social Control ? Control through the Manipulation of values, ideas, images, and perceptions ? e.g., Guy Dedord ? The Society of the Spectacle Direct Social Control ? Direct physical intervention to control behavior ? e.g., m. Foucault ? Punishment and Discipline Ideological Social Control Attempt to manipulate ideas and perceptions of citizens sop that they accept the ruling ideology ? i.e., to accept the existing order Family School Religion Sports The Media Government Do they Feel the Strain the Leads to Anomie? Mode of Adaptation Cultural Goals Institutionalized means No Conformity Accept Accept Deviant Paths: Yes Innovation Accept Reject Yes Ritualism Reject Accept Yes Retreatism Reject Reject Yes Rebellion Reject/Replace Reject/Replace
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