well or overconditioned dairy cows afterparturition, especially with metritis,retained membranes, mastitis, DA or parturient paresis.
Negative energy balance during the peripartum period is associated with mobilization of fat to the liver. Liver enzymes are sometimes but not always elevated, free fatty acids (FFAs) may be increased.
Liver biopsy is usually needed for diagnosis.
Toxemia usually occurs in thelast few weeks of gestation due to negative energy balance associated withrapid fetal growth and insufficient caloric intake.
Usually characterized byketonuria/ketonemia with acidosis (ketones act as acids in the body). FFAlevels are very high.
"StudyBlue is great for studying. I love the study guides, flashcards and quizzes. So extremely helpful for all of my classes!"Alice , Arizona State University
"I'm a student using StudyBlue, and I can 100% say that it helps me so much. Study materials for almost every subject in school are available in StudyBlue. It is so helpful for my education!"Tim , University of Florida
"StudyBlue provides way more features than other studying apps, and thus allows me to learn very quickly!??I actually feel much more comfortable taking my exams after I study with this app. It's amazing!"Jennifer , Rutgers University
"I love flashcards but carrying around physical flashcards is cumbersome and simply outdated. StudyBlue is exactly what I was looking for!"Justin , LSU