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University of Wisconsin - Madison
University of Wisconsin - Madison
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Public and Private Families: A Reader
Rule of thumb
in colonial times a man could beat his wife with something as long as it was smaller than his thumb
arises out of a specific argument in which at leat one partner attacks
less likely to escalate and involve serious injury
less frequent than other types
motivated by a desire to control the other partner
based on intimidation
more likely to escalate
less likely to end
more likely to cause severe injuries
victim acts out of self defense
more prevalent prior to creation of shelters and enactments of mandatory arrest laws
mutual violent control
both partners engage in intimate terrorism
least common form of IPV
what are some barriers to leaving violent relationships?
fear of increased violence
hope it will end
loyalty to marriage
what is the cycle of violence?
violence followed by good times, tension builds, more violence
power and control wheel
repeated behaviors and patterns of:
verbal abuse, intimidation, isolation, stalking, physical abuse, emotional abuse, financial exploitation
what are excuses?
use socially acceptable vocab to deny responsibility
out of control
blaming the victim
what are justifications?
person admits behavior was wrong, but minimizes the outcome and trivializes its consequences
what are accounts?
face saving status negocation
what are mandatory arrest laws?
officers are required to arrest someone if they have reasonable belief to believe domestic violence will continue, there is evidence of physical injury, or a person is a predominant aggressor
what were the consequences of mandatory arrest laws?
inflated statistics on situational violence and common couple violence- both parties were arrested
later on, a decline by 28%
what are the criticisms of mandatory arrest laws
victims were less likely to call
victim has no choice
may leave victim without $ or childcare
may cause men to be more violent
some victims only want their abuser to stop, not be taken away
what are the positive aspects of mandatory arrest?
removes police discretion
arrests have increased
more legal advocacy
more requests for training
What is the predominant aggressor law?
the most significant abuser must be arrested
72 hours no contact
must post bond and appear before a judge
what are the difficulties with the predominant aggressor law?
overcrowded jails and courts
victims are afraid to testify
cannot prosecute w/o victim in WI
judges tend not to convict aggressors if married or share children
what is the stitch rule?
prior to the 1980's courts did not take abuse cases seriously unless stitches or broken bones resulted
in 1967m states adopted mandatory reporting laws requiring nurses and doctors to report abuse
in 1980, these laws were expanded to clergy, teachers, and social workers
children of alcoholics
1 in 5 is a child of an alchy
these children are 4x more likely to become an alcoholic
most have suffered abuse or neglect
if one parent is an alcoholic, how likely is the child to become one? if both are?
50%- 1 parent
75%- 2 parents
Fetal alcohol syndrome
third most common birth defect
second leading cause of mental retardation
due to drinking during pregnancy
family roles in the alcoholic family
the chief enabler- the placater
the family hero- the responsible one
the scapegoat- the acting out child
the lost child- the adjuster
what is the role of the chief enabler?
covers up for alcoholic, non alcoholic parent, enables them to continue drinking
what is the role of the family hero?
overachieve to distract from alcoholic parent
what is the role of the scape goat?
act out to distract from alcoholism in the familyu
what is the role of the lost child
disappear, tunes it out, do not call attention to themselves
what is the role of the mascot
comedian, tries to cheer everyone up and distract from alcoholic parent
What is neglect?
failure to provide a child's basic needs, most prevalent in alcoholic abusive families
what is physical abuse
non accidental injury as a result of caretaker acts
what is sexual abuse
involvement of dependent developmentally immature children and teens in sexual contact in which they cannot fully comprehend or consent to
what is emotional abuse
habitual verbal harrassment of a child by disparagement, criticism, threats, ridicule
How many children are neglected?
15.9 per 1000
how many children are physically abused
5.9 per 1000
how many children are sexually abused?
2.5 per 1000
When are abuse rates highest for children?
from ages birth to 3
16 per 1000
who are the perpetrators of child abuse
88% are family members
77% are parents, 11% are other relatives
60% are mothers, 40% are fathers
who are the perpetrators of sexual abuse of children?
3% are parents
29% are stepparents (other relatives)
25% unrelated adults
how many women are abused in their lifetime
1 in 4
how many adolescent women are abused before age 22
1 in 5
T or F: Boys who witness domestic violence growing up are no more likely to become abusive
fales they are 10x more likely
what portion of homeless women and children are fleeing domestic violence?
1/3 to 1/2
What percentage of women are killed while fleeing their abuser?
Are restraining orders effective in reducing violence?
yes, 80% less likely to be assaulted if they have one
swinging pendulum of foster care laws
went from one extreme to another
shuffing through foster care and preserving parental rights to taking children's rights into account and terminating parental rights
what are the unspoken rules of an alcoholic family?
Don't talk, don't trust, don't feel
what were the foster care laws in 1980
Child welfare act
law attempted to preserve families by shuffling the kids through foster care while the parents got their act together
What was the foster care situation in 1999
Foster Care kids increased to 523,000
rise in homelessness
resulting from crack epidemic
law was unable to deal with permanently unfit parents
What law was made in 1997 regarding foster care
Adoption and Safe Families Act
get your act together in 22 months, or the kids are up for adoption
encouraged kinship foster care placement
what was the doctrine of parental rights
parents have the rights over their kids
adoption assistance act was on this side
what was the doctrine of childrens' rights?
children have a right to be safe
adoption and safe families act was on their side
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