Domination and Subordination, Jean Miller (108) Biggest Difference in power is between children and adults Most basic difference is between women and men Temporary Inequality Lesser party is socially defined as unequal Examples: teacher-student, parent-child, therapist-client Superior Abilities Emotional maturity, experience in the world, physical skills, a body of knowledge, or the techniques for acquiring certain kinds of knowledge Superior is supposed to engage with the lesser to bring the lesser member to full equality. Child helped to become an adult Superiors have trouble deciding on how many rights to ?allow? to the lesser party Agonize about how much power the lesser party shall have. Superiors hold all the real power The power will not bring the unequal party to equality Permanent Inequality People or groups are defined as unequal by means of ascription (birth defines you) Criteria: sex, class, nationality, religion, ect. Dominants Once a group is defined as inferior, the superiors label them as defective or substandard. Examples: Blacks less intelligent than whites, women are supposed to be ruled by emotion, and so on Actions and words tend to b destructive towards the inferior group Dominants define one or more acceptable roles for the subordinate group Typically provide services that no dominant group wants to perform Cleaning dominants waste products Dominant jobs are carefully guarded and closed to subordinates Subordinate?s inability is challenged when a drastic event disrupts the usual arrangements In WWII ?incompetent? women suddenly ?manned? the factories with great skill When subordinates show potential or develop other characteristics like intelligence, initiative, assertiveness, there is no room within the dominant framework to acknowledge the newfound characteristics. These people defined as unusual or abnormal Dominant?s impede the development of subordinates Block their freedom of expression and action Dominant groups have the greatest influence in determining a culture?s overall outlook Philosophy, morality, social theory, and even science Legitimizes the unequal relationship Difficult for a dominant member to not be dominant To keep being dominant you just have to behave ?normally? Dominants believe that the way things are is right and good Not only for them but especially for the subordinates Hold all of the open power and authority Determines the ways in which power may be used Subordinates Subordinate groups concentrate on basic survival Resort to disguised and indirect ways of acting and reaching Members of the dominant group are denied an essential part of life The opportunity to acquire self-understanding through knowing their impact on others Know much more about the dominants than themselves (vice versa) Have to know more because subordinate?s lives depend on pleasing the dominants (determine their lives) Historical perspective Subordinate groups tend to move toward greater freedom of expression and action Most actions are not preserved by the dominant group Dominant group only documents what pleases them Difficult for subordinates to find supporting tradition and history
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