Lumiere Brothers- among the earliest filmmakers, started the new camera (portable and lightweight) Product intended for public projection exhibition- was the ancestor of documentary fims with real life subject matter; ethnography Tight or loose framing, depending on intimacy They only filmed 10am-2pm, if not the cameraman had to adapt imagery to the situation Fixed camera majority of the time Each film was one action, one shot determined by how long the action took to ?play out? Irwin Rice Kiss (no awareness that stage and screen are two different things), Men Playing With Cards, Momma and Poppa Feeding Baby, The Sprinkler Sprinkled; all represent the birth of film direction, mostly involves staging and timing George Melies- stage magician turned filmmaker Began with one shot films, long in duration; went on to elaborate, multi-scene/shot films ?trick? films- used persistence of vision and stop-motion photography, as well as superimpositions Extremely elaborate staging and timing, décor, and trained stage performers However, it was very artificial; yet he was aware of the absurdity of the presentations A Trip to the Moon: long takes, with two exposition shots, used the final three shots as a quick wrap-up? from a dramatic standpoint it was a bad presentation of exposition
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