written in hieroglyphs, demotic, then greek. Found by Napoleon's army and is now in British Museum
Gothic, copy of Chaucer’s Canterbury tales; had images that corresponded with each tale
Book of Kells
Early middle ages
Origin: British Isles/ insular Ireland
Scribes in monasteries transformed the biblical text into abstract pattern literally making God's words beautiful. Opening of the book of Mathew.
-4 gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John)
-Christs= Chi-Rho ( XP )
-first two letters of the name christ/monogram
-letters have spiritual power
Class: Gothic, / English
copy of Chaucer’s Canterbury tales; had images that corresponded with each tale.
Durer: The four Horseman of Apocalypse
Wood Cut A type of relief print made from a plank of relatively soft wood. the artist carves away the negative spaces, leaving the image in relief to take ink for printing.
Class: Gothic/Reniassance influence
Xylogrpahy aka wood cute
Was a series of block prints on the apocalypse
The Nuremberg Chronicles - Koberger
Page from the Nuremberg Chronicle
Known for its repeated illustrations
10th c. AD
Ottonian painters and sculptors produce illuminated manuscripts and ivory reliefs inspired by Late Antique and Byzantine sources
Ottonian architects introduce the alternate-support system and galleries into the naves of churches
Creating the illusion of movement. First motion had to be frozen in a still image. Photographed a horse running.
He Based his Aesop Tales on the Earlier English Editions
felt that viewing illustrations to Aesop imperceptibly leads people to good
he reintroduced what seemed a new and innovative technology
invested their fortune financing and promoting, and acquired rights to
Fourdrinier machine/ papermaking machine
took portraits of the intellectual,political, and show-business elite in boston in their studio, interested in photography as amedium of expression as well as a means of making a livelihood.
-does speech that inspires Morris to do books
-talks about medieval type and the Book of Kells
n printing, a stereotype, also known as a cliché, stereoplate or simply a stereo, was originally a "solid plate of type metal, cast from apapier-mâché or plaster mould (called a flong) taken from the surface of a forme of type" used for printing instead of the original.
The compositing of individual cast metal sorts of type into lines with leading and furniture tightly bound into a page forme was labor-intensive and costly. The printer would incur further expense through loss of the sorts for other uses once held in formes. With the growth in popularity of the novel, printers who did not accurately predict sales were forced into the expense of resetting type for subsequent editions. The stereotype radically changed the way novels were reprinted, saving the printer's recompositing expense while freeing the sorts for other jobs.
cast single characters from hot metal
· New classical—return to art of antiquity,Renaissance
· Political revolutions
o Birth of Democracy
o Lower and middle classes have role in politics,social mobility
· Industrial Revolution: factories, massproduction
· Enlightenment: John Locke and Newton
o Rational thought to understand world:observation to bring about social/political change
· Legible, didactic, optimism to inspire andinstruct viewer