the same phenomenon is sought again, preferably by independent
investigation, and the interpretation given it confirmed or discarded by means of novel
analysis and experimentation.
scientists attempt to abstract the information into the form that is simplest,
most easily recalled, and most esthetically pleasing--the combination called elegance--
while yielding the largest amount of information with the least amount of effort.
a parsimonious explanation is the one that
requires the fewest ad hoc assumptions and when two theories are equally good in
explaining a particular set of phenomena, the one that is more parsimonious is favored.
if something can be properly measured, using universally accepted scales,
generalizations about it will be rendered less ambiguous.
the best science stimulates further discovery, often in unpredictable new
directions, whose content confirms or modifies the parent formulation.
there must exist a way in which a scientific concepts (theories) can be
shown to be wrong.
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