February 25th Easy Access Handbook Steps of the Writing Process Prewriting Deciding on the subject, considering the needs of the reader, gathering information. Planning Choosing a preliminary thesis and organization. Drafting Writing a first draft to develop the main ideas and discover new ideas. Revising Making changes in the thesis, structure, content, paragraphing, and sentences. Finishing Proofreading for grammar, mechanics, and spelling errors and preparing the final copy. Prewriting Questions for Getting Started Question 1: What is the Assignment? Who is the audience? What research materials should I use? Example: never use Google in Dr. M?s class. What type of thesis should the piece have? What organizational structure should I use? What is the length? When is the paper due? Question 2: What Should I Write About? Is it assigned as a broad or a narrow subject? Question 3: How Can I Limit My Topic? List some subtopics that you may use. Example: Broad Topic Subtopics Tuition Increase in Tuition Student Loans Part-Time Jobs Pick the subtopic that: Best suits the assignment You already know something about Or you would like to learn more about. Question 4: What is My Purpose in Writing About this Topic? To entertain readers. To inform readers. What you usually do in Dr. M?s class. To persuade readers to accept a viewpoint and change their actions. Essay number 2. Question 5: Who Are the Readers of My Paper? Writing to a General Audience or To the Teacher as an Audience. Don?t assume they are masters of your subject. Define specialized terminology. Explain the historical background. Give a short summary of the story. Invention Techniques for Developing Ideas Listing Free-writing Looping Reporter?s Questions What was it? Who was involved? When did it happen? Where did it happen? How did it happen? Why did it happen? Paragraph Development Questions Description How would you describe it? What are its physical characteristics? Narration How did it come about? What history does it have? Examples What examples illustrate your topic? Cause and Effect What caused it? What effects has it created? Comparison What is it similar to or different to? Process How does it occur? How is it used? What processes does it involve? Observation Interviews Reading Brainstorming and Peer Review\ Planning Thesis A thesis is a sentence that presents to main idea of the paper, an idea that every fact and detail should support. States the paper?s topic. States a specific point of view concerning that topic. May just simply state the topic. Best if chunked to guide you. Dr. M?s fruit salad. Choosing an Organizational Pattern Chronological Time Sequence Spatial Emphasis or Order of Importance Least Important to Most Important General to Specific Specific to General Doesn?t work too well. Creating a Plan for the Paper Clusters Topic Outlines Formal Outlines Drafting Finding the Best Time and Place 2:30 in the morning, probably not the best. In bed, probably not good either. Choosing the Best Tools Starting your 1st Draft Do Not Expect Perfection Don?t always have to start at the beginning Writing Quickly Ignore the critic in your head. Getting Unstuck and Restarted Re-read your outline.
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