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In literature circles, which of the following components asks students to prepare activities that extend their understandings?
b. Creating projects
Which of the following is not a category of language arts skills?
Which of the following language systems that students use to develop communicative competence addresses the social and cultural aspects of language use?
Of the four ways identified in the text to incorporate multicultural literature into the language arts program, which involves in the most extensive modification of the curriculum itself?
a. Social action approach
b. Transformation approach
c. Contributions approach
d. Additive approach
Social action approach
Of the five ways that teachers use to differentiate instruction for all learners, which on allows students to demonstrate their learning through culminating activities?
a. Offering choices
b. Incorporating projects
c. Organizing students into small groups
d. Preteaching and reteaching
Which of the following is a practice that teachers use to encourage students to examine “the democratic vision of justice and fair play for all people?”
a. Civil service
b. Authentic voices
c. All answers are acceptable
d. Multiple viewpoints
Which of the following is not a guideline for authentic assessment?
a. Examine both the language processes students use and the projects they create
b. Use the result of assessment to inform your teaching
c. Make time to observe and conference with individual students
d. Use only one major assessment tool
Which of the following questions/statements does not help students to take charge of their own learning?
a. What do you want to learn next?
b. How is it going?
c. I like what you are doing.
d. Which language arts strategy are you using?
Which of the following is not a step of a classroom inquiry project?
a. Collect data to use in answering your question
b. Bind your report and add it to your professional library
c. Identify a question to study
d. Share your results with colleagues and administrators
Bind your report and add it to your professional library
In his 1979 study, Walter Loban studied the relationships between various language arts, which of the following was not one of the conclusions that he drew from this research?
a. Children who are capable listeners tended to be capable talkers, readers, and writers
b. A strong relationship existed between children’s oral language ability and their overall academic ability
c. The relationship between the language arts is not consistent and should not be used to assess student’s language abilities
d. Children with less effective oral language abilities may tended to have less effective written language abilities
When teaching skills & strategies, teachers must consider _?
a. using a direct teaching model is the only way to teach strategies & skills
b. they should teach minilessons that use a whole-part-whole sequence
c. teachable moments are the most effective way to teach those
d. becoming independent users of strategies & skills is only important after 4th grade
That they should teach minilessons that incorporate a whole-part-whole sequence
Which of the following is a suggestion for preparing students to take standardized achievement tests?
a. Have students take practice tests a the middle of the year and just before the standardized test is given
b. Simulate testing conditions in the classroom
c. Use on-grade level materials when constructing practice tests
d. Prepare tests that use narrative passages because students are more familiar with this format
Simulate testing conditions in the classroom
To explore what your students know about lang arts & the ones they use confidently, which of the following questions should you not consider?
a. Which language arts do my students want to learn more about?
b. Which lang. arts do I teach during a typical week?
c. How can I incorporate the lang. arts I teach less often or those that my students rarely use?
d. How do I teach only the lang. arts skills that that students use most frequently?
In which of the following roles in a literature circle, has the student help everyone stay on task and show respect to classmates?
c. Decision leader
Of all the different language arts, which one is used the most?
Which of the following statements about the listening process is not true?
a. Students can listen to 250 words per minute – two or three times the normal rate of talking
b. Responding to the message is also considered part of the listening process
c. The listening process involves three steps: receiving, attending, and assigning meaning
d. Listening is more than just hearing
Of the four purposes for listening, which one requires people to listen to understand a message and remember important information?
a. Efferent listening
b. Esthetic listening
c. Critical listening
d. Discriminative listening
Which of the following can be considered as an appropriate strategy to enhance discriminative listening?
b. Summarizing information
d. Savoring word play
What is the most important component in the strategy of interactive read-alouds is how teachers ________?
a. Introduce the book
b. Pick high-quality books
c. Involve students while they are reading aloud
d. Select difficult vocabulary to highlight
\Which of the following is recommended as an interactive technique for poetry?
a. Restating heading of questions
b. Complete graphic organizers
c. Drawing a picture of a character or an event
d. Repeat lines after the teacher
Which of the following can be considered a benefit of reading aloud?
a. Children are likely to be turned off by reading
b. Children learn to value reading as a solitary activity
c. Children’s background knowledge is expanded
d. Children listen to books that are wither at or below their reading level
Children’s background knowledge is expanded
Why is listening so important for English learners?
a. When teachers read aloud, the books provide language models
b. Students develop background knowledge through listening
c. All of the answers are acceptable
d. Listening is a receptive process like reading
All of the answers are acceptable
In which propaganda device do advertisers claim that everyone is using their product?
c. Name calling
d. Glittering generality
B/c assessment and instruction are linked, teachers need to do certain things to be able to assess their student’s listening. What of the following is not an appropriate assessment strategy for listening?
a. Use interaction techniques for involving students
b. Assume that students already know how to listen, so listening instruction is optional
c. Set expectations for listeningd. Expect students to assess their own listening
Assume that students already know how to listen, so listening instruction is optional
When students use the evaluating strategy to judge the message they hear, which is an acceptable questions for them to ask themselves?
a. Is there an intellectual or emotional appeal?
b. Does the speaker use standard grammar?
c. Can I hear what the speaker says?
d. Are the stories the speaker tells funny and/or interesting?
Is there an intellectual or emotional appeal?
Which of the following statements is not true about the relationship b/w listening, reading, & viewing?
a. Capable listeners often use predicting &visualizing when listening aesthetically to stories
b. Students used a different set of strategies in listening than they do in reading & viewing
c. Less capable listeners assume that they are poor listeners b/c they “just aren’t smart enough.”
d. Listening = bridge to reading
Which of the following is true about media literacy?
a. By the time they finish high school, children spend more time watching television than in the classroom
b. Children use critical listening, viewing, and thinking skills to analyze the media messages that inform, entertain, and sell to us everyday.
c. Teachers must encourage children not to accept media presentations at face valued. All the above are true
When should teachers begin teaching not taking skills to students?
a. At the middle school level
b. At the third grade level
c. In kindergarten and first grade
d. In high school
Which is not true about reading aloud to students?
a. All students benefit from listening to stories aloud regardless of background knowledge
b. When all else fails, teachers can just choose a different book
c. When students say a book is “boring” it usually means that they don’t understand it.
d. Building background knowledge b4 reading & preteaching vocab are ways to help struggling students.
All students benefit from listening to stories aloud regardless of their background knowledge
What is not one of the teacher’s responsibilities in small-group conversations?
a. Define purposes
b. Teach students to work collaboratively
c. Tell students to form their own groups
d. Outline activities to be completed
_______ questions require analysis and interpretation.
In the Question-Answer Relationship, which of the following types of questions ask readers to find the answer to literal questions that are in the text?
a. On My Own Questions
b. Right There Questions
c. Author and Me Questions
d. Think and Search Questions
1) Which of the following is not one of the conversation routines that teachers should teacher?
a. How to redirect the conversation
b. How to hold the floor until their points are made
c. How to make a comment
d. How to encourage classmates to participate
1) Questioning is an important strategy that students use in which of the following ways?
a. Analyzing questions teacher ask and in books
b. Asking self-questions to monitor understanding
c. All of these answers are acceptable
d. Asking questions as part of conversations and discussions
1) This type of English used for instruction is called _____ language.
1) What types of topics are present in social language?
1) B/c school success is dependent on students’ proficiency with academic English, which of the following is not a recommendation?
a. Teachers should incorporate social language in instruction
b. Students should have the opportunity to learn technical vocab & sophisticated sentence patterns
c. Activities should challenge students to use higher-order thinking as they listen, talk, read, & write
Teachers should incorporate social language in their instruction
(1 answer choice was omitted because of length)
1) Which step in Grand Conversations is considered optional and is added when students don’t talk much?
a. Reflecting on the conversation
b. Reading the book
c. Having small-group conversations
d. Asking questions
How do instructional conversations deepen students’ content-area knowledge & develop lang. proficiency?* Students learn to provide support for ideas w/ info from books
All of these answers are acceptable
1) The purpose for using K-W-L charts is to ______.
a. Provide new information that will be covered later in the lesson
b. Activate and build students’ background knowledge during thematic units
c. See if students are interested in the thematic unit
d. Offer students the opportunity to give their opinions about the topic covered.
Activate and build students’ background knowledge during thematic units
1) Having teachers create the unscripted dramatic context about a story episode, and having the students assume roles to experience and reflect on the episode or event is the process used to is which form of drama?
a. Process drama
b. Playing with puppets
d. Sitting in the hot seat
Which of the following is not one of the guidelines for retelling?
a. Teachers use a scoring sheet to mark the components that that child includes in the retelling
b. Teacher use minilessons on retelling strategies and demonstrations of the retelling procedure to help student understand what is expected of them
c. Using graphic organizer and drawing pictures can be used to help students scaffold their retellings
d. Teachers assume that children already know how to retell stories before they begin
Teachers assume that children already know how to retell stories before they begin
Which of the following is not one of the key concepts about talking that are found in Part III of the text?
a. Students learn to understand and use academic language
b. Students learn to talk in whole-group activities
c. Students use efferent talk as they participate in instructional conversations about content-area topics
d. Talk is a necessary ingredient for learning
Students learn to talk in whole-group activities
Which of the following is not a difference between academic & social language?
a. Both academic and social language examine details of the topic by examining the information in depth
b. The viewpoint and opinions voiced in social language are often subjective and biased
c. The sentence structure is longer and more complicated in academic language
d. Social language uses everyday, familiar words
Both academic and social language examine details of the topic by examining the information in depth
According to the text, which is not an instruction recommendation for teaching of comprehension?
a. Have students activate background knowledge before reading
b. Teach students to use comprehension strategies
c. Encourage students to set purposes for reading
d. Show students how to find literal answer in the text
Show students how to find literal answer in the text
1) According to the research, how many words do capable readers learn to read in a day?
c. More than 20
1) Which type of reading requires teachers to scaffold students’ reading and teach strategies?
b. Reading aloud
1) Which of the following stages of the reading process is enhanced by having students write in reading logs?
1) In which step of the guided reading activity do teachers teach phonic skills and comprehension strategies?
a. Having children read
b. Teaching concepts
c. Introducing the book
d. Responding to books
1) Which of the following is not a recommended strategy that students use as they read nonfiction?
a. Identifying big ideas
c. Noticing word play
1) There are five non-fiction organizational patterns, called expository text structure. Which of the following is not one of these structures?
1) According to the research, which of the following types of poetry are the favorites of children?
a. Limericks and narrative
b. Concrete and acrostic
c. Haiku and free verseRhymed verse and free verse
Limericks and narrative
1) Which of the four aspects of expressive reading addresses which words to stress or say the loudest?
1) Which step in choral reading requires teachers to work with students to decide how they will read the poem?
a. Select a poem
b. Rehearse the poem
c. Create an arrangement
d. Perform the poem
There are several benefits for using the language experience approach (LEA). Which of the following is not one?
a. Struggling readers can read what they have dictated.
b. Children learn concepts about how written language & and how to apply phonics skills to spell
c. Children learn to gather ideas & organize them for writing
d. All of the above
1) When should the reading of nonfiction begin?
a. High school
b. Middle grades
d. 4th grade
Which of the following is not one of the instructional recommendations for fluency?
a. Having students read silently and ask questions when they are finished.
b. Have students practice reading familiar texts to develop fluency.
c. Have students independently read texts at their reading level.
d. Involve students in choral reading activities.
Having students read silently and ask questions when they are finished.
1) In which of the following is not a recommendation for teaching poetry?
a. Teachers sometimes sing poems to students
b. Teachers incorporate activities such as moving, tapping, drawing, and reading into poetry instruction.
c. Teachers have students sequence lines of poems.
d. Teachers assign particular poems for students to memorize.
1) Which of the following procedures for assessing reading asks students to read by creating graphic organizers and other visual representations of the big ideas in the text?
a. Coding the text
c. Charting the text
d. Double entry journals
1) In which type or journal, do students assume the role of a book character and write journal entries from that person’s viewpoint?
a. Reading logs
b. Dialogue journals
c. Simulated journals
d. Double-entry journals
1) In which stage of the writing process focus on the mechanics of writing?
1) Which of the following is not considered a general strategy that students use as they write?
c. Activating background knowledge
d. Identifying big ideas
Identifying big ideas
1) Teachers use interactive writing to model adult or conversational writing. In which stage of the interactive writing activity do children write their sentence word by word with the teacher’s support and slowing pronouncing each word or “stretching” it out?
a. Repeating for additional sentences
b. Writing the first sentence
c. Choosing a sentence to write
d. Displaying a message
Writing the first sentence
1) In which trait or quality of effective writing are students concerned with retelling familiar stories from the viewpoint of different characters?
a. Word choice
1) In the inquiry process, which stage requires student to gather information from a variety of resources and organize the information using a graphic organizer or outline?
1) In which approach to writing biographies does the author focus on the conflict the central figure faces?
a. None of these choices are appropriate
1) In which type of formula does poetry choose a key word and writes it vertically and then creates lines of poetry, each on beginning with a letter of the word they have written vertically?
d. “I Wish…”
Which is not a reason to use rubrics?
a. Rubrics clarify teachers’ expectations so students understand the assignment and know hot it is assessed
b. Rubrics lay out the qualities that constitute excellence
c. Rubrics help students to revise their writing to make it more effective based upon the criteria in the rubric
d. All of the above answers are acceptable
1) In which stage of gallery walks does the teacher give students small self-stick notes on which to write comments about each student’s work?
a. Displaying work
b. Providing comment sheets
c. Directing the traffic
d. Modeling the procedure
Which is a problem ELLs face as they learn to write?
a. Students are often unfamiliar w/ the organizational patterns of English b/c writing is organized in culturally specific ways
b. Students are not concerned with correcting mechanical errors
c. Students have extensive vocabs in both English & native language
d. Students only know how to use writing strategies in native language.
Students are often unfamiliar with the organizational patterns of English because writing is organized in culturally specific ways
1) Which is a strategy that students can use to write poetry?
1) Which statement is true about introducing writing to students?
a. The primary form of children’s writing is the formation of letters.
b. For children, writing is literally their talk written down.
c. Correct spelling is important in early writing.
d. Young children’s writing grows out of speaking and listening.
1) Which trait of the six-trait model requires students to use their “writer’s” style and breathe life into their writing?
a. Sentence fluency
c. Word choice
Which is true about writing reports?
a. When writing reports, students identify big ideas they will focus on in their compositions.
b. When writing reports, students ask themselves, “What’s important?” & use the same kind of thinking that they use for summarizing.
c. Children use many of the same strategies for writing reports that they do when reading nonfiction.
d. All of the above
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